Evaluation of Bio-Carrier in Attached Growth Wastewater Treatment System
Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences
Volume 19 No. 1, March 2016, Pages 10-14
G. Hayder1,*, L. L. Guan1
1Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Tenaga Nasional, Putrajaya Campus, Jalan IKRAM-UNITEN, 43000 Kajang, Malaysia
*Corresponding author: email@example.com
Biocarrier, TSS; MLSS, Attached growth, Bio-film
Biocarrier is being used more frequently to support biofilm growth in the treatment of wastewater through oxidation of organic particles and nitrification of ammonia. For this experiment the influent was taken from the intake house where the incoming of wastewater around university campus. The clogging problems that occur were observed physically or visually and the thickness of the clogging was closely monitored. In this experiment, the test that carried out was total suspended solid (TSS) and MLSS. With these tests carried out, the TSS and attached growth were obtained. Besides that, there were three types of biocarriers were filled in three tanks and the system operated continuously to identify the performance in each configuration. The resulted development of attached growth in Type One showed that the performance is better compared to Type Two and Type Three. In addition, the performance was relevant to the configuration as the bio-balls in Type One were position closely so that more bio-balls were fixed in the tank. The Type Two configuration showed similar results as the Type One where the high reduction of suspended solids achieved. In addition, Type Three efficiency did not show positive results as the configuration performed poorly compared to the other two types. During the whole process, there was no clogging occurred and this showed that the configurations presented positive outcome. The attached growth development was monitored weekly visually to determine the clogging.
CITE THIS ARTICLE
Hayder, G., et al. “Evaluation of Bio-Carrier in Attached Growth Wastewater Treatment System.” Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences 19.1 (2016): 10-14.
Hayder, G., & Guan, L. L. (2016). Evaluation of Bio-Carrier in Attached Growth Wastewater Treatment System. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 19(1), 10-14.
Hayder, G., and L. L. Guan. “Evaluation of Bio-Carrier in Attached Growth Wastewater Treatment System.” Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences 19, no. 1 (2016): 10-14.
Hayder, G. and Guan, L.L., 2016. Evaluation of Bio-Carrier in Attached Growth Wastewater Treatment System. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 19(1), pp.10-14.
Hayder, G, Guan, LL. Evaluation of Bio-Carrier in Attached Growth Wastewater Treatment System. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences. 2016;19(1):10-14.
 Bottero, Simona, Tomas Storck, Timo J. Heimovaara, Mark CM van Loosdrecht, Michael V. Enzien, and Cristian Picioreanu. “Biofilm development and the dynamics of preferential flow paths in porous media.”Biofouling 29, no. 9 (2013): 1069-1086.
 Jianlong, Wang, Shi Hanchang, and Qian Yi. “Wastewater treatment in a hybrid biological reactor (HBR): effect of organic loading rates.” Process Biochemistry 36, no. 4 (2000): 297-303.
 Gebara, Fadi. “Activated sludge biofilm wastewater treatment system.”Water Research 33, no. 1 (1999): 230-238.
 Bakke, Rune, R. Kommedal, and S. Kalvenes. “Quantification of biofilm accumulation by an optical approach.” Journal of Microbiological Methods44, no. 1 (2001): 13-26.
 Lewandowski, Z., and J. P. Boltz. “Biofilms in water and wastewater treatment.” Treatise on Water Science 4 (2011): 529-570.
 Picioreanu, C., M. C. M. Van Loosdrecht, and J. J. Heijnen. “Discrete-differential modelling of biofilm structure.” Water Science and Technology 39, no. 7 (1999): 115-122.
 Chen, Sheng, Dezhi Sun, and Jong Shik Chung. “Anaerobic treatment of highly concentrated aniline wastewater using packed-bed biofilm reactor.” Process Biochemistry 42, no. 12 (2007): 1666–1670.
 Wimpenny, Julian WT, and Ric Colasanti. “A unifying hypothesis for the structure of microbial biofilms based on cellular automaton models.” FEMS Microbiology Ecology 22, no. 1 (1997): 1-16.
 Noguera, Daniel R., Satoshi Okabe, and Cristian Picioreanu. “Biofilm modeling: present status and future directions.” Water science and technology 39, no. 7 (1999): 273-278.
 Kloc, Jillian. “The Study of Biological Wastewater Treatment through Biofilm Development on Synthetic Material vs. Membranes.” PhD diss., Worcester Polytechnic Institute, 2012.
 Li, Chao, Min Ji, Xianli Li, and Mengshu Wang. “Municipal wastewater treatment in a new type bio-carrier reactor.” Procedia environmental sciences10 (2011): 962-967.
 Environmental Quality (Industrial Effluent) Regulations, Malaysia, 2009.
 Ozis, Fethiye, Arash Bina, Yannis Yortsos, and Joseph S. Devinny. “A percolationbiofilm-growth model describing biomass clogging in biofilters.” InProc Air and Waste Management Association 96th Annu Conf Exhibition, pp. 22-26. 2003.