Turbulent Force Convective Heat Transfer of Hybrid Nano Fluid in a Circular Channel with Constant Heat Flux

Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences
Volume 19 No. 1, March 2016, Pages 1-9

C. S. Nor Azwadi1,*, I. M. Adamu1
1Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 Johor, Malaysia
*Corresponding author: azwadi@mail.fkm.utm.my

KEYWORDS

Hybrid Nano Fluid, Reynolds Number, Volume Fraction

ABSTRACT

In this paper, silver/graphene (Ag/HEG) nano-fluid and copper oxide/graphene (Cuo/HEG) nano-fluid, where numerically studied in a circular tube subjected to constant heat flux. The hybrid nano-fluids where simulated over the range of Reynolds number of 10,000 to 120,000 with volume fraction of 0.4% to 1%. In this study, a remarkable improvement was observed in using the hybrid nano fluid due to synergistic effect. At 1% volume fraction of Ag/HEG 34.34% and 38.72% enhancement was recorded at Reynolds number of 60,000 and 40,000 respectively. 35.95% and 43.96% were obtained for CuO/HEG at the same volume fraction and Reynolds number respectively. The friction factor slightly increases with increase in volume fraction.

CITE THIS ARTICLE

MLA
Nor Azwadi, C. S., et al. “Turbulent Force Convective Heat Transfer of Hybrid Nano Fluid in a Circular Channel with Constant Heat Flux.” Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences 19.1 (2016): 1-9.

APA
Nor Azwadi, C. S., & Adamu, I. M. (2016). Turbulent Force Convective Heat Transfer of Hybrid Nano Fluid in a Circular Channel with Constant Heat Flux. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 19(1), 1-9.

Chicago
Azwadi, C. S., and I. M. Adamu. “Turbulent Force Convective Heat Transfer of Hybrid Nano Fluid in a Circular Channel with Constant Heat Flux.” Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences 19, no. 1 (2016): 1-9.

Harvard
Nor Azwadi, C.S. and Adamu, I.M., 2016. Turbulent Force Convective Heat Transfer of Hybrid Nano Fluid in a Circular Channel with Constant Heat Flux. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 19(1), pp.1-9.

Vancouver
Nor Azwadi, CS, Adamu, IM. Turbulent Force Convective Heat Transfer of Hybrid Nano Fluid in a Circular Channel with Constant Heat Flux. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences. 2016;19(1):1-9.

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