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Wind Tunnel Test of UTM Sport Complex

Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences
Volume 25 No. 1, September 2016, Pages 19-30

N. H. Md. Ata1,*, S. Mat1, K. Perumal1
1Department of Aeronautics, Automotive and Ocean Engineering, Faculty of Chemical Engineering Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 Skudai Johor, Malaysia
*Corresponding author: hilmijb91@gmail.com

KEYWORDS

UTM sport complex, wind tunnel experiments

ABSTRACT

Apart from sporting purposes, sport complexes are also increasingly being used for concerts and other events with large spectator attendance. As such, the safety of the sport complex is very important to ensure all spectators and occupants in and inside and nearby the stadium are safe. One of the initial work to ensure safety is to conduct an aerodynamic characteristic study of the forces and moments of the sport complex using a wind tunnel to provide data for the structural design engineers and architects. Hence, the objective of this project was to perform a wind tunnel testing on UTM sport complex mode to obtain its aerodynamics characteristics. The tests were conducted in the UTM Low Speed Wind Tunnel by using semi-span balance to obtain the forces and moments. The maximum coefficient drag of force is 0.115 occurs at 20° yaw angle with the wind speed 5.56m/s, whereas the maximum coefficient of axial force is 0.025 occurs at 0° yaw angle with the wind speed 8.33m/s. The maximum moment coefficient is 0.01 at -30° for axial (rolling). Thus, with these values the UTM sport complex can be designed safely.

CITE THIS ARTICLE

MLA
Md Ata, N. H., et al. “Wind Tunnel Test of UTM Sport Complex.” Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences 25.1 (2016): 19-30.

APA
Md Ata, N. H., Mat, S., & Perumal, K. (2016). Wind Tunnel Test of UTM Sport Complex. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 25(1), 19-30.

Chicago
Md Ata, N. H., S. Mat, and K. Perumal. “Wind Tunnel Test of UTM Sport Complex.” Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences 25, no. 1 (2016): 19-30.

Harvard
Md Ata, N.H., Mat, S. and Perumal, K., 2016. Wind Tunnel Test of UTM Sport Complex. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 25(1), pp.19-30.

Vancouver
Md Ata, NH, Mat, S, Perumal, K. Wind Tunnel Test of UTM Sport Complex. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences. 2016;25(1):19-30.

REFERENCES

[1] Goliger, A. M. “Wind-tunnel testing of sports stadia to optimise their use and safety.” Journal of the South African Institution of Civil Engineering 52, no. 1 (2010).
[2] http://www.met.gov.my, Retrieved on December, 2013.
[3] Van Hooff, Twan, Bert Blocken, and M. Van Harten. “3D CFD simulations of wind flow and wind-driven rain shelter in sports stadia: influence of stadium geometry.” Building and Environment 46, no. 1 (2011): 22-37.
[4] Persoon, J., Twan van Hooff, Bert Blocken, Jan Carmeliet, and M. H. de Wit. “On the impact of roof geometry on rain shelter in football stadia.”Journal of Wind Engineering and Industrial Aerodynamics 96, no. 8 (2008): 1274-1293.
[5] S. Mansor, “Introduction to UniversitiTeknologi Malaysia Low Speed Wind Tunnel (UTM-LST),” 2008.