Pyrolysis of Oil Palm Fronds in a Fixed Bed Reactor and Optimisation of Bio-oil Using Box-Behnken Design

Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences
Volume 27 No. 1, November 2016, Pages 12-18

Khairuddin Md Isa1,*, L.J. Ying1, Saiful Azhar Saad1, Farizul Hafiz Kasim1, Mohd Asri Ab Rahim1
1School of Environmental Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Perlis, 02600 Arau Perlis, Malaysia
*Corresponding author: khairudin@unimap.edu.my

KEYWORDS

Oil palm fronds, Bio-oil, Pyrolysis

ABSTRACT

A study of the direct pyrolysis of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) fronds, OPF was conducted in a fixed-bed reactor. The product yields are bio-oil, bio-char and bio-gas. The bio-gas product was analyzed using a portable 5 gas emission analyzer. Effects of pyrolysis parameters such as temperature, heating rate and nitrogen flow rate were studied and optimization was performed using Box-Behnken design. The results from the software suggested the optimal conditions can be attained at temperature of of 600oC, heating rate of 40oC/min and nitrogen flow rate rate at 50 ml/min with the produced yield is expected at 26.80 and the confirmation runs were giving an average of 26.3. The highest oxygen removal was found in between 350-450oC via decarboxylation and decarbonylation. The pyrolysis of oil palm fronds demonstrates a promising route to produce an alternative fuel.

CITE THIS ARTICLE

MLA
Isa, Khairuddin Md, et al. “Pyrolysis of Oil Palm Fronds in a Fixed Bed Reactor and Optimisation of Bio-oil Using Box-Behnken Design.” Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences 27.1 (2016): 12-18.

APA
Isa, K. M., Ying, L. J., Saad, S. A., Kasim, F. H., & Rahim, M. A. A. (2016). Pyrolysis of Oil Palm Fronds in a Fixed Bed Reactor and Optimisation of Bio-oil Using Box-Behnken Design. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 27(1), 12-18.

Chicago
Isa, Khairuddin Md, L. J. Ying, Saiful Azhar Saad, Farizul Hafiz Kasim, and Mohd Asri Ab Rahim. “Pyrolysis of Oil Palm Fronds in a Fixed Bed Reactor and Optimisation of Bio-oil Using Box-Behnken Design.” Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences 27, no. 1 (2016): 12-18.

Harvard
Isa, K.M., Ying, L.J., Saad, S.A., Kasim, F.H. and Rahim, M.A.A., 2016. Pyrolysis of Oil Palm Fronds in a Fixed Bed Reactor and Optimisation of Bio-oil Using Box-Behnken Design. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 27(1), pp.12-18.

Vancouver
Isa, KM, Ying, LJ, Saad, SA, Kasim, FH, Rahim, MAA. Pyrolysis of Oil Palm Fronds in a Fixed Bed Reactor and Optimisation of Bio-oil Using Box-Behnken Design. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences. 2016;27(1):12-18.

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