Experimental Investigation of Flow Induced Corrosion on the Smooth Elbows
Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences
Volume 28 No. 1, December 2016, Pages 1-6
Masin Muhammadu1,*, A. Bello1
1Department of Mechanical Engineering, Federal University of Technology, P. M. B. 65, Gidan-Kwanu, Minna, Nigeria
*Corresponding author: email@example.com
Turbulent, Hydrodynamics, Low carbon steel, Field emission scanning electron microscope
In the present study, the turbulent flow downstream a 900° pipe bend is investigated by means of flow induced corrosion (FIC). The hydrodynamic effects of single-phase flow on flow accelerated corrosion (FAC) in a single 90-degree elbow were investigated at the various velocities (1.5, 2.0 and 2.5 m/s). Experiments were performed to determine the surface wear patterns using elbows fabricated from low carbon steel. The wear patterns indicated the development of surface wear in the form of uniform corrosion over most of the elbow surface. Afterward, surface degradation of the bends was studied by visual inspection and field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM) analysis. Finally, from experimental conducted, it was observed that inner diameters are areas of highest FIC behaviour for 300° in the bends.
CITE THIS ARTICLE
Muhammadu, Masin, et al. “Experimental Investigation of Flow Induced Corrosion on the Smooth Elbows.” Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences 28.1 (2016): 1-6.
Muhammadu, M., & Bello, A. (2016). Experimental Investigation of Flow Induced Corrosion on the Smooth Elbows. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 28(1), 1-6.
Muhammadu, Masin, and A. Bello. “Experimental Investigation of Flow Induced Corrosion on the Smooth Elbows.” Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences 28, no. 1 (2016): 1-6.
Muhammadu, M. and Bello, A., Kasim, F.H. and Rahim, M.A.A., 2016. Experimental Investigation of Flow Induced Corrosion on the Smooth Elbows. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 28(1), pp.1-6.
Muhammadu, M, Bello, A. Experimental Investigation of Flow Induced Corrosion on the Smooth Elbows. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences. 2016;28(1):1-6.
 Abdolkarimi, V., Mohammadikhah, R. “CFD modeling of particulates erosive effect on a commercial scale pipeline bend.” ISRN Chemical Engineering 2013 (2013).
 Poulson, B. “Predicting and Preventing Flow Accelerated Corrosion in Nuclear Power Plant.” International Journal of Nuclear Energy 2014 (2014).
 Kain, V., Roychowdhury, S., Ahmedabadi, P., Barua, D.K. “Flow accelerated corrosion: Experience from examination of components from nuclear power plants.” Engineering Failure Analysis 18, no. 8 (2011): 2028-2041.
 Castaño, J.G., Botero, C.A., Restrepo, A.H., Agudelo, E.A., Correa, E., Echeverría, F. “Atmospheric corrosion of carbon steel in Colombia.” Corrosion Science 52, no. 1 (2010): 216-223.
 Muhammadu, M.M., Osman, K., Hamzah, E. “Numerical Methodology to Determine Fluid Flow Pattern with Corrosion in Pipe Bends Using Computational Fluid Dynamics Software.” ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences 9, no. 10 (2014): 1978-1982.
 Sheriff, J.M., Muhammadu, M.M., Hamzah, E. “Effect of Flow Pattern at Pipe Bends on Corrosion Behaviour of Low Carbon Steek and its Challenges.” Jurnal Teknologi 63, no. 1 (2013).
 Muhammadu, M.M., Sheriff, J., Hamzah, E. “Review of literature for the flow accelerated corrosion of mitred bends.” International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering 8, no. 3 (2013): 663-677.
 Yan, B.H., Gu, H.Y., Yu, L. “CFD analysis of the loss coefficient for a 90° bend in rolling motion.” Progress in Nuclear Energy 56 (2012): 1-6.
 Berger, F.P., Hau, K-FF-L. “Mass transfer in turbulent pipe flow measured by the electrochemical method.” International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer 20, no. 11 (1977): 1185-1194.
 Martin, H.J., Horstemeyer, M.F., Wang, P.T. “Comparison of corrosion pitting under immersion and salt-spray environments on an as-cast AE44 magnesium alloy.” Corrosion Science 52, no. 11 (2010): 3624-3638.
 Palumbo, G., King, P.J., Aust, K.T., Erb, U., Lichtenberger, P.C. “Grain boundary design and control for intergranular stress-corrosion resistance.” Scripta Metallurgica et Materialia 25, no. 8 (1991): 1775-1780.
 Kear, G., Barker, B.D., Walsh, F.C. “Electrochemical corrosion of unalloyed copper in chloride media––a critical review.” Corrosion science 46, no. 1 (2004): 109-135.
 Al-Hashem, A., Riad, W. “The role of microstructure of nickel–aluminium–bronze alloy on its cavitation corrosion behavior in natural seawater.” Materials characterization 48, no. 1 (2002): 37-41.
 Parthasarathy, H., Dzombak, D.A., Karamalidis, A.K. “Alkali and alkaline earth metal chloride solutions influence sulfide mineral dissolution.” Chemical Geology 412 (2015): 26-33.
 Metzger, L., Kind, M. “On the transient flow characteristics in Confined Impinging Jet Mixers-CFD simulation and experimental validation.” Chemical Engineering Science 133 (2015): 91-105.
 Hashimoto, T., Tanno, I., Yasuda, T., Tanaka, Y., Morinishi, K., Satofuka, N. “Higher order numerical simulation of unsteady viscous incompressible flows using kinetically reduced local Navier–Stokes equations on a GPU.” Computers & Fluids 110 (2015): 108-113.
 Eliyan, F.F., Alfantazi, A. “On the theory of CO 2 corrosion reactions–Investigating their interrelation with the corrosion products and API-X100 steel microstructure.” Corrosion Science 85 (2014): 380-393.
 Chen, H., Sun, Z., Song, X., Yu, J. “A pseudo-3D model with 3D accuracy and 2D cost for the CFD–PBM simulation of a pilot-scale rotating disc contactor.” Chemical Engineering Science 139 (2016): 27-40.
 Xia, Y., Wang, C., Luo, H., Christon, M., Bakosi, J. “Assessment of a hybrid finite element and finite volume code for turbulent incompressible flows.” Journal of Computational Physics 307 (2016): 653-669.
 Yoo, J.D., Ogle, K., Volovitch, P. “The effect of synthetic zinc corrosion products on corrosion of electrogalvanized steel: I. Cathodic reactivity under zinc corrosion products.” Corrosion Science 81 (2014): 11-20.