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Tribological Properties of Biodegradable Nano-lubricant

Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences
Volume 33 No. 1, May 2017, Pages 1-13

Darminesh Sathuramalingam Pillay1,*, Nor Azwadi Che Sidik1
1Faculty of Mechanical Engineering Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 Johor, Malaysia
*Corresponding author: darminesh9108@yahoo.com.my

KEYWORDS

Biodegradable lubricant, nano lubricant, tribological properties

ABSTRACT

The biodegradable or vegetable oil possess good chemical properties competitive with mineral oil which can used as alternative lubricant. However, the vegetable oil has poor performance of tribological characteristics at high temperature and oxidation which causes the vegetable lubricant not used widely in industrial sector. To optimize lubrication, the vegetable oil can be mixed with hybrid additives. In this paper, RBD palm olein and soybean oil was mixed with single and hybrid additives which has been tested to determine its lubricating properties. The additives which has been used for the study was zddp and copper oxide nanoparticles. The mixing percentage of zddp has been fixed with 1% optimum whereas the copper oxide nanoparticles varies from 0.75% to 1% of the total mass. Testing has been conducted using fourball tribotester based on ASTM D4172 standard condition. The result shows that formulated palm olein lubricant with hybrid additive with zddp and CuO nanoparticles at 0.75% and 1% respectively provided 54.6% of WSD reduction, 29.2% COF reduction and smooth surface roughness compared with base RDB palm olein and soybean oil. However, in term of WSD and surface roughness, the mineral lubricant possesses better performance expect COF value of hybrid additive lubricant possess better value. From this results, it can be concluded that the performance of vegetable lubricant could be better enhanced with hybrid additives and its tribological characteristics competitive with conventional mineral lubricant.

CITE THIS ARTICLE

MLA
Pillay, Darminesh Sathuramalingam, et al. “Tribological Properties of Biodegradable Nano-lubricant.” Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences 33.1 (2017): 1-13.

APA
Pillay, D. S., & Che Sidik, N. A. (2017). Tribological Properties of Biodegradable Nano-lubricant. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 33(1), 1-13.

Chicago
Pillay, Darminesh Sathuramalingam, and Nor Azwadi Che Sidik. “Tribological Properties of Biodegradable Nano-lubricant.” Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences 33, no. 1 (2017): 1-13.

Harvard
Pillay, D.S. and Che Sidik, N.A., 2017. Tribological Properties of Biodegradable Nano-lubricant. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 33(1), pp.1-13.

Vancouver
Pillay, DS, Che Sidik, NA. Tribological Properties of Biodegradable Nano-lubricant. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences. 2017;33(1):1-13.

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