Biofuel Development in Nigeria: Prospect and Challenges

Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences
Volume 36 No. 1, August 2017, Pages 1-9

Abubakar Sadiq Aliyu1, Abdulkarim Ali Deba2, Haruna Saidu3,*, Ibrahim Ladan Mohammed1, Mohammed Maikudi Usman4
1Mechanical Engineering Department, College of Engineering, Kaduna polytechnic, Kaduna Nigeria
2Department of Science Education, Faculty of Technology Education Abubakar Tafawa Balewa University Bauchi, Nigeria
3Department of Biological Science Faculty of Science, Gombe State University, Gombe Nigeria
4Department of Biotechnology, School of Pure and Applied Sciences, Modibbo Adama University of Technology, PMB 2076 Yola, Adamawa, Nigeria
*Corresponding author: saiduharunn@gmail.com

KEYWORDS

Biofuel, Energy, Feedstock, Nigeria, Development, Prospect, Challenges

ABSTRACT

Biofuel is perceived as a means to ease global energy concerns, promote rural development and mitigate climate change. Therefore, its development has been and will continue to be a priority for most countries. Presently biofuel production is not economically viable, and the drive for its production is driven by the policies of some countries that perceive it as the only possible alternative to fossil fuels and a way out from the declining world crude reserves. Since biofuel offers the opportunities for developing countries to grow new livelihood and reduce the over dependence on imported fossil fuel, as well as obvious benefit to the environment, Nigeria is not left out. Therefore, for Nigeria to step into the biofuels industry in a big way, with every sector being placed in the use of cleaner renewable energy, government need to plan towards producing biofuel from her abundant biomass resources. This idea is expected to boost Nigerian economy through cultivation of arable landmass for provision of feedstock. Therefore, the quest for biofuels no doubt, represents a legitimate ambition. It is in the light of this that the paper reveals the prospects and challenges of biofuel development with the objective of reviewing the current situation in Nigeria. It further identifies inadequate process technology, poor policy implementation and lack of public acceptance as factors hampering its success.

CITE THIS ARTICLE

MLA
Aliyu, Abubakar Sadiq, et al. “Biofuel Development in Nigeria: Prospect and Challenges.” Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences 36.1 (2017): 1-9.

APA
Aliyu, A. S., Deba, A. A., Saidu, H., Mohammed, I. L., & Usman, M. M. (2017). Biofuel Development in Nigeria: Prospect and Challenges. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 36(1), 1-9.

Chicago
Aliyu, Abubakar Sadiq, Abdulkarim Ali Deba, Haruna Saidu, Ibrahim Ladan Mohammed, and Mohammed Maikudi Usman. “Biofuel Development in Nigeria: Prospect and Challenges.” Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences 36, no. 1 (2017): 1-9.

Harvard
Aliyu, A.S., Deba, A.A., Saidu, H., Mohammed, I.L. and Usman, M.M., 2017. Biofuel Development in Nigeria: Prospect and Challenges. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 36(1), pp.1-9.

Vancouver
Aliyu, AS, Deba, AA, Saidu, H, Mohammed, IL, Usman, MM. Biofuel Development in Nigeria: Prospect and Challenges. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences. 2017;36(1):1-9.

REFERENCES

[1] Abila, Nelson. “Biofuels adoption in Nigeria: a preliminary review of feedstock and fuel production potentials.” Management of Environmental Quality: An International Journal 21, no. 6 (2010): 785-795.
[2] Agba, A. M. O., M. E. Ushie, F. I. Abam, Michael S. Agba, and James Okoro. “Developing the biofuel industry for effective rural transformation in Nigeria.” European Journal of Scientific Research 40, no. 3 (2010): 441-449.
[3] Agboola, O. Phillips, and O. Mary Agboola. “Nigeria’s bio-ethanol: need for capacity building strategies to prevent food crises.” In World Renewable Energy Congress-Sweden; 8-13 May; 2011; Linköping; Sweden, no. 57, pp. 258-265. Linköping University Electronic Press, 2011.
[4] Agbro, Edirin B., and Nosa A. Ogie. “A comprehensive review of biomass resources and biofuel production potential in Nigeria.” Resource Journal of Engineering and Applied Science 1, (2012): 149-155.
[5] Aguilar, Luis Barrera, Héctor Montiel Campos, Ignacio Ramirez Leyva, and Horacio Lima Gutierrez. “Global social and economic impact on the use of Biofuels and recomendations for sustainability.” Global Journal of Research In Engineering 11, no. 5_B (2011).
[6] Aliyu, Abubakar Sadiq, and Abdulkarim Ali Deba. “Potentials and Challenges of Sustainable Biofuel Development from Biomass Feedstock in Nigeria.” Journal of Envoronmental Science, Toxicology and Food technology 10: 51-55.
[7] Aliyu, Abubakar Sadiq, Abdulkarim Ali Deba, and Haruna Saidu. “Green energy initiative: An overview of biodiesel production from jatropha feedstock in Nigeria.” Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences 35 (2017): 11-22.
[8] Balogun, B. O. “Potentials for sustainable commercial biofuels production in Nigeria.” AFRREV STECH: An International Journal of Science and Technology 4, no. 2 (2015): 25-40.
[9] Balogun, B. O., and A. T. Salami. “Effects of biofuel production on selected local Communities in Nigeria.” Journal of Petroleum Technology and Alternative Fuels 7, no. 3 (2016): 18-30.
[10] BASSEY, N. 2010. Oil Politics: Nigeria’s Unacceptable Biofuels Policy. Retrieved from http://234next.com/csp/cms/sites/Next/Money/5643461-183/story.csp.
[11] Bessou, Cécile, Fabien Ferchaud, Benoît Gabrielle, and Bruno Mary. “Biofuels, greenhouse gases and climate change.” In Sustainable Agriculture Volume 2, pp. 365-468. Springer Netherlands, 2011.
[12] BIOFUELS, G. 2010. Federal Republic of Nigeria Official Gazette on Nigeria Bio-Fuel Policy and Incentives. at http://www.globalbiofuelsltd.com/news/govtpolicy.html
[13] de Cerqueira Leite, Rogério Cezar, Manoel Regis Lima Verde Leal, Luís Augusto Barbosa Cortez, W. Michael Griffin, and Mirna Ivonne Gaya Scandiffio. “Can Brazil replace 5% of the 2025 gasoline world demand with ethanol?.” Energy 34, no. 5 (2009): 655-661.
[14] Dauvergne, Peter, and Kate J. Neville. “Forests, food, and fuel in the tropics: the uneven social and ecological consequences of the emerging political economy of biofuels.” The Journal of peasant studies 37, no. 4 (2010): 631-660.
[15] Etim, E. E. “The Prospect of Biofuels in Complementing the Nigeria’s Energy Needs.” International Journal of Environmental and Bioenergy 4 (2012): 74-85.
[16] Galadima, A., Z. N. Garba, B. M. Ibrahim, M. N. Almustapha, L. Leke, and I. K. Adam. “Biofuels production in Nigeria: the policy and public opinions.” Journal of Sustainable Development 4, no. 4 (2011): 22.
[17] Hassan, Masjuki Hj, and Md Abul Kalam. “An overview of biofuel as a renewable energy source: development and challenges.” Procedia Engineering 56 (2013): 39-53.
[18] Hoekman, S. Kent. “Biofuels in the US–challenges and opportunities.” Renewable energy 34, no. 1 (2009): 14-22.
[19] Taylor, Peter. “Energy technology perspectives 2010–scenarios and strategies to 2050.” International Energy Agency, Paris 74 (2010).
[20] Khattak, M. A., A. Mukhtar, N. Zareen, S. Kazi, and M. Muhammad Jan. “Green Initiatives: A Review of Ethanol as an Alternate Automobile Fuel.” Journal of Advanced Review on Scientific Research 21 (2016): 27-42.
[21] Licht, F. O. “Biofuels and the international development agenda.” World Bioethanol & Biofuels Reports 3 (2005).
[22] Luque, Rafael, Lorenzo Herrero-Davila, Juan M. Campelo, James H. Clark, Jose M. Hidalgo, Diego Luna, Jose M. Marinas, and Antonio A. Romero. “Biofuels: a technological perspective.” Energy & Environmental Science 1, no. 5 (2008): 542-564.
[23] Mohsin R., Z.A. Majid, A.H. Shihnan, N.S. Nasri , Z.Sharer and R. C.Mat 2015. “Effects of Multi-Variant Biofuel on Engine Performance and Exhaust Emission of DDF Engine System.” Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences 6 (2015): 1-18.
[24] Moses, N., Saidu, H., Umar, D., Kotus, A., Lucky, D., Nsor, C., Philimon, J. “Effect of riparian land-use and water chemistry on zooplankton distribution.” Journal of Advanced Research in Applied Sciences and Engineering Technology 6 (2017): 37-49.
[25] Newton Moses, S. M., Saidu, H., Galadima, A. I., Umar, D. M., Kotos Abubakar, M. K., and Billah, “Determination of physicochemical parameters and riparian land effect on Kwadon stream.” Journal of Advanced Research Design 36 (2017): 13-24.
[26] Black, Brian C. “NIGERIAN NATIONAL PETROLEUM CORPORATION (NNPC).” Oil: A Cultural and Geographic Encyclopedia of Black Gold [2 volumes] 1 (2014): 207.
[27] NNPC 2008. Annual Statistical Bulletin,Corporate Planning and Development Division (CPDD) Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation, Abuja Nigeria.
[28] Ogbonna, Christiana N., and Eric C. Okoli. “Economic feasibility of on-farm fuel ethanol production from cassava tubers in rural communities.” African Journal of Biotechnology 12, no. 37 (2013).
[29] Ohimain, E. I. “The challenge of liquid transportation fuels in Nigeria and the emergence of the Nigerian automotive biofuel programme.” Research Journal of Applied Sciences, Engineering and Technology 5, no. 16 (2013): 4058-4065.
[30] Oniemola, Peter Kayode, and Gbenga Sanusi. “The Nigerian Bio-Fuel Policy and Incentives (2007): a need to follow the Brazilian pathway.” In Energy, Economy, Environment: the Global View: Proceedings of the 32nd IAEE International Conference, pp. 21-24. 2009.
[31] Oshewolo, Segun. “Designed to fail? Nigeria’s quest for biofuel.” Afro Asian J. Soc. Sci 3, no. 3 (2012): 1-15.
[32] Patrick, S. O., Abdullahi, Z. and Bello, I. M. “Biodiesel Development in Nigeria: Prospect and Challenges.” International Journal of Mordern Botany 3 (2013): 4-9.
[33] Patumsawad, S. “2nd generation Biofuel: Technical Challenges and R&D Opportunity in Thailand.” Journal of Sustainable energy & Environment (2011): 47-50.
[34] Saidu, H., B. Usman, and D. Umar. “Studies of Species Distribution for Phytoplankton in Balanga Dam.” Journal of Advanced Research in Applied Sciences and Engineering Technology 3 (2016): 1-9.
[35] Saidu, Haruna, Haryati Jamaluddin, and Shaza Eva Mohamad. “Nutrient Removal and Biokinetic Study of Freshwater Microalgae in Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME).” Indian Journal of Science and Technology 10, no. 24 (2017).
[36] Sapee S. “Computational Fluid Dynamics Study on Droplet Size of Kerosene Fuel.” Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences 16 (2015): 1-14.
[37] Solomon, Barry D. “Biofuels and sustainability.” Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences 1185, no. 1 (2010): 119-134.
[38] Tan, K. T., K. T. Lee, A. R. Mohamed, and S. Bhatia. “Palm oil: addressing issues and towards sustainable development.” Renewable and sustainable energy reviews 13, no. 2 (2009): 420-427.
[39] Wolde-Georgis, Tsegay, and Michael H. Glantz. “Biofuels in Africa: A Pathway to Development International Research Center for Energy and Economic Development Occasional Papers.” (2010).
[40] Zhou, Adrian, and Elspeth Thomson. “The development of biofuels in Asia.” Applied Energy 86 (2009): S11-S20.