Preparation and Characterization of Polylactic Acid Based Polyurethane for Environmental Friendly Packaging Materials

Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences
Volume 38 No. 1, October 2017, Pages 16-21

Muhamad Norshafiq Ismail1, Najihah Rafidi1, Raina Jama Awale1, Fathilah Ali1,*
1Department of Biotechnology Engineering, Faculty of Engineering International Islamic University Malaysia, 53100, Gombak, Selangor, Malaysia
*Corresponding author: fathilah@iium.edu.my

KEYWORDS

Polyurethane, palm oil, polylactic acid, environmental friendly packaging

ABSTRACT

Conventional packaging materials are mostly produced using petroleum-based substances and its’ non-biodegradability are causing landfill problems. Therefore, researches have been done to replace the non-degradable polymer substances to degradable polymers. Polylactic acid (PLA) is a type of biodegradable polymer which is brittle but has good mechanical strength, which makes it a suitable polymer to be used as packaging materials. To improve the flexibility of PLA, PLA based polyurethanes (PUs) are produced by using PLA-diol with vegetable oil polyol as the chain extender. Palm oil polyol (PO) is a type of vegetable oil polyol which are used in various productions of PUs. In this study, PO polyol is used as soft segment to improve the flexibility of PLA whereas hexamethylene diisocyanate (HDI) and toluene diisocyanate (TDI) are used as a source of isocyanate. PLA/Palm oil polyol based polyurethanes (PLAPOPUs) are synthesized using one-shot and two steps polymerization method. Fourier Transform Infra-Red (FT-IR) spectra confirmed on the formation of urethane bond and glass transition temperature was analyzed using Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC). The PLAPOPU prepared using HDI through one-step method has high potential to be used in environmental friendly packaging industries.

CITE THIS ARTICLE

MLA
Ismail, Muhamad Norshafiq, et al. “Preparation and Characterization of Polylactic Acid Based Polyurethane for Environmental Friendly Packaging Materials.” Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences 38.1 (2017): 16-21.

APA
Ismail, M. N., Rafidi, N., Awale, R. J., & Ali, F. (2017). Preparation and Characterization of Polylactic Acid Based Polyurethane for Environmental Friendly Packaging Materials. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 38(1), 16-21.

Chicago
Ismail, Muhamad Norshafiq, Najihah Rafidi, Raina Jama Awale, and Fathilah Ali. “Preparation and Characterization of Polylactic Acid Based Polyurethane for Environmental Friendly Packaging Materials.” Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences 38, no. 1 (2017): 16-21.

Harvard
Ismail, M.N., Rafidi, N., Awale, R.J. and Ali, F., 2017. Preparation and Characterization of Polylactic Acid Based Polyurethane for Environmental Friendly Packaging Materials. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 38(1), pp.16-21.

Vancouver
Ismail, MN, Rafidi, N, Awale, RJ, Ali, F. Preparation and Characterization of Polylactic Acid Based Polyurethane for Environmental Friendly Packaging Materials. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences. 2017;38(1):16-21.

REFERENCES

[1] Lopez-Rubio, Amparo, Eva Almenar, Pilar Hernandez-Muñoz, Jose M. Lagarón, Ramón Catalá, and Rafael Gavara. “Overview of active polymer-based packaging technologies for food applications.” Food Reviews International 20, no. 4 (2004): 357-387.
[2] Vroman,I and Tighzert,L. 2009. “Biodegradable Polymers,” Materials (Basel).2:307–344.
[3] Silverajah, V. S., Nor Azowa Ibrahim, Norhazlin Zainuddin, Wan Md Zin Wan Yunus, and Hazimah Abu Hassan. “Mechanical, thermal and morphological properties of poly (lactic acid)/epoxidized palm olein blend.” Molecules 17, no. 10 (2012): 11729-11747.
[4] Xu, Jia, Jinhui Zhang, Weiquan Gao, Hongwei Liang, Hongyan Wang, and Junfeng Li. “Preparation of chitosan/PLA blend micro/nanofibers by electrospinning.” Materials Letters63, no. 8 (2009): 658-660.
[5] Murariu, Marius, and Philippe Dubois. “PLA composites: From production to properties.” Advanced drug delivery reviews 107 (2016): 17-46.
[6] Saetung, Nitinart, Suthira Somjit, Pradit Thongkapsri, Tulyapong Tulyapitak, and Anuwat Saetung. “Modified rubber seed oil based polyurethane foams.” Journal of Polymer Research 23, no. 3 (2016): 58.
[7] Ali, Fathilah Binti, Dong Jin Kang, Minsoo P. Kim, Chul-Hee Cho, and Bumjoon J. Kim. “Synthesis of biodegradable and flexible, polylactic acid based, thermoplastic polyurethane with high gas barrier properties.” Polymer International 63, no. 9 (2014): 1620-1626.
[8] Zhang, Chaoqun, and Michael R. Kessler. “Bio-based polyurethane foam made from compatible blends of vegetable-oil-based polyol and petroleum-based polyol.” ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering 3, no. 4 (2015): 743-749.
[9] Huang, Jie, Pingping Jiang, Xiaoting Li, and Yuandan Huang. “Synthesis and characterization of sustainable polyurethane based on epoxy soybean oil and modified by double-decker silsesquioxane.” Journal of materials science 51, no. 5 (2016): 2443-2452.
[10] Gayki, B.K., and Thorat, P. V . 2015. “Synthesis and Characterization of Castor Oil based Polyurethane Adhesive for Wood Substrates,” Int. J. Sci. Res.4 (6): 2013–2015.
[11] Norzali,A., Badri, K. H., Ping, O., and Ahmad, I. 2015 “Palm-Based Polyurethane With Soybean As a Fire Retardant.” Malaysian Hournal Anal. Sci.18(2):4–9.
[12] Arniza, Mohd Zan, Seng Soi Hoong, Zainab Idris, Shoot Kian Yeong, Hazimah Abu Hassan, Ahmad Kushairi Din, and Yuen May Choo. “Synthesis of transesterified palm olein-based polyol and rigid polyurethanes from this polyol.” Journal of the American Oil Chemists’ Society 92, no. 2 (2015): 243-255.
[13] Desai, Sonal, I. M. Thakore, B. D. Sarawade, and Surekha Devi. “Effect of polyols and diisocyanates on thermomechanical and morphological properties of polyurethanes.” European Polymer Journal 36, no. 4 (2000): 711-725.
[14] Lye, Ooi Tian, Salmiah Ahmad, H. Abu Hassan, and Chong Yu Jin. “An overview of R&D in palm oil-based polyols and polyurethanes in MPOB.” Palm Oil Dev 44 (2006): 1-7.
[15] Dang, Luong Nguyen, Sinh Le Hoang, Minna Malin, Jürgen Weisser, Torsten Walter, Matthias Schnabelrauch, and Jukka Seppälä. “Synthesis and characterization of castor oil-segmented thermoplastic polyurethane with controlled mechanical properties.” European Polymer Journal 81 (2016): 129-137.
[16] Mustafe,A. 2005. “FTIR Studies on Polyurethane,” pp. 75–100.