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A Review on Multiple Functions of Ionic Liquid in Biodiesel Production

Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences
Volume 39 No. 1, November 2017, Pages 26-35

Atikah Mohamed Sharikh1, Sarina Sulaiman1,*, Azlin Suhaida Azmi1
1Department of Biotechnology Engineering, Kulliyah of Engineering, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
*Corresponding author:


Biodiesel, catalyst, solvent, ionic liquid


Scarcity of petroleum and constant concern over environmental problems caused by diesel fuels has promoted production of biodiesel from renewable sources. Biodiesel synthesized from transesterification methods in the presence of acid or base catalyst or enzyme requires huge amount of solvent, particularly from alcohol to affirm high production yield. Inevitably, the process results in bulky waste that demands appropriate attention. In attempt to tackle the problem, ionic liquid has been identified to be the most potential substitute for conventional catalyst and solvent required in the biodiesel conversion. Ionic liquid that is widely known as ‘green chemical’ can be synthesized to meet reaction requirement by careful selection of anion and cations, with correct proportion of each to produce desired mixture. This paper reviews recent applications of ionic liquid in biodiesel production as catalyst, solvent and co-solvent. Since there are few ways in which ionic liquid can be categorized, this paper highlights classification of ionic liquids into two major groups? namely acidic and basic ionic liquid. Discussion on these tswo groups covers their dual- functions in biodiesel production which are as solvent or co-solvent and catalyst as well as the limitation of each group in the biodiesel production.


Sharikh, Atikah Mohamed, et al. “A Review on Multiple Functions of Ionic Liquid in Biodiesel Production.” Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences 39.1 (2017): 26-35.

Sharikh, A. M., Sulaiman, S., & Azmi, A. S. (2017). A Review on Multiple Functions of Ionic Liquid in Biodiesel Production. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 39(1), 26-35.

Sharikh, Atikah Mohamed, Sarina Sulaiman, and Azlin Suhaida Azmi. “A Review on Multiple Functions of Ionic Liquid in Biodiesel Production.” Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences 39, no. 1 (2017): 26-35.

Sharikh, A.M., Sulaiman, S. and Azmi, A.S., 2017. A Review on Multiple Functions of Ionic Liquid in Biodiesel Production. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 39(1), pp.26-35.

Sharikh, AM, Sulaiman, S, Azmi, AS. A Review on Multiple Functions of Ionic Liquid in Biodiesel Production. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences. 2017;39(1):26-35.


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