Influence of Operating Variables on the In-Situ Transesterification using CaO/Al2(SO4)3 Derived from Waste

Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences
Volume 40 No. 1, December 2017, Pages 1-6

Sarina Sulaiman1,*, Mohd Ihsan Rosdi1, Dzun N. Jimat1, Maizirwan Mel1, Parveen Jamal1
1Department of Biotechnology Engineering, International Islamic University Malaysia, P.O. Box 10, Kuala Lumpur 50728, Malaysia
2Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA Johor, Jalan Purnama, Bandar Seri Alam, 81750 Masai, Johor, Malaysia
*Corresponding author: sarina@iium.edu.my

KEYWORDS

Transesterification, solid coconut waste, eggshells, methanol to oil ratio, temperature, catalyst amount

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this research project is to investigate the effects of amount of catalyst, the ratio of solid to methanol and different temperature on the biodiesel yield. Solid coconut waste and heterogeneous catalyst derived from the waste, which is calcium oxide (CaO) are used to produce biodiesel and also examine the kinetics of the reactive extraction. In this project, the heterogeneous catalyst is produced by combining solid coconut waste and egg shells and finally treating it with Al2 (SO4)3. Then, the mixture of wastes was calcinated under high temperature. Then, solid coconut waste in situ transesterification experiment were conducted at different amount of catalysts (2-6wt%), temperature (50-65°C) and methanol to oil ratio (6:1 – 12:1). The optimum parameters were the solid to methanol ratio, temperature and mixing speed which were at 1:10, 60 °C and 350 rpm respectively with highest yield of 47 wt%. The result proves that the biodiesel conversion increase with methanol, but the reaction did not change and decrease after achieving certain percentage of methanol.

CITE THIS ARTICLE

MLA
Sulaiman, Sarina, et al. “Influence of Operating Variables on the In-Situ Transesterification using CaO/Al2(SO4)3 Derived from Waste.” Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences 40.1 (2017): 1-6.

APA
Sulaiman, S., Rosdi, M. I., Jimat, D. N., Mel, M., & Jamal, P. (2017). Influence of Operating Variables on the In-Situ Transesterification using CaO/Al2(SO4)3 Derived from Waste. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 40(1), 1-6.

Chicago
Sulaiman, Sarina, Mohd Ihsan Rosdi, Dzun N. Jimat, Maizirwan Mel, and Parveen Jamal. “Influence of Operating Variables on the In-Situ Transesterification using CaO/Al2(SO4)3 Derived from Waste.” Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences 40, no. 1 (2017): 1-6.

Harvard
Sulaiman, S., Rosdi, M.I., Jimat, D.N., Mel, M. and Jamal, P., 2017. Influence of Operating Variables on the In-Situ Transesterification using CaO/Al2(SO4)3 Derived from Waste. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 40(1), pp.1-6.

Vancouver
Sulaiman, S, Rosdi, MI, Jimat, DN, Mel, M, Jamal, P. Influence of Operating Variables on the In-Situ Transesterification using CaO/Al2(SO4)3 Derived from Waste. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences. 2017;40(1):1-6.

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