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Effects of Co-digestion of Camel Dung and Municipal Solid Wastes on Quality of Biogas, Methane and Biofertilizer Production

Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences
Volume 40 No. 1, December 2017, Pages 1-6

Benaissa Nawel Kheira1,2,*, Belkheir Dadamoussa3,4, Abdelaziz Bendraoua2,5, Maizirwan Mel6, Brahim Labed1
1Laboratoire de Recherche Scientifique Sciences & Environnement (Bioressources, Géochimie-Physique, Législation et Développement Socio-Economique), Centre Universitaire Amine El Okkal El hadj Moussa Eg Akhamouk de Tamanghasset, Serssouf 11000 Tamanrasset, Algeria
2Département de Chimie Organique et Industrielle, Faculté de Chimie, Université des Sciences et de la Technologie d’Oran Mohamed Boudiaf, El Mnaouar, BP 1505, Bir El Djir 31000 Oran, Algeria
3University of Ghardaïa, BP 455, 47000 Ghardaïa, Algeria
4Laboratoire de Protection des Écosystèmes en Zones Arides et Semi-Arides, University Kasdi Merbah, 30000 Ouargla, Algeria
5Laboratoire de Synthèse Organique, Physico-chimie, Biomolécules et Environnement (LSPBE), USTO-MB, 31000 Oran, Algeria
6Department of Biotechnology Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Gombak, 50728 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
*Corresponding author: kheira.benaissa@univ-usto.dz

KEYWORDS

Biogas, methane, anaerobic co-digestion, municipal solid wastes, camel dung, bio-fertilizer

ABSTRACT

Biogas and biofertilizer production from anaerobic digestion of local organic solid waste in Algeria is an attractive choice for greener and cleaner environment. In this paper, the study focused on the effect of co-digestion of municipal solid organic wastes (MSW) and camel dung (CD) for the quality production of biogas (methane) and bio fertilizer products. The concentration of methane production is the preeminent aim of this work. The experiment was set by feedstocks preparation where organic waste was mixed with tap water at 1:1 ratio and it allowed to digest at temperature of 40 °C. The operating hydraulic retention time (HRT) was set at 35 days. Physicochemical properties of feedstocks and constituent elements of the digestate were determined by American Public Health Association methods. The experimental study indicated that underdefined operational conditions such as constant organic loading rate (OLR) of 0.6 kg per day, hydraulic retention time (HRT) of 35 days and temperature of 40C from MSW and MSW and CD mixtures of ratio at one to one resulted in a higher methane production (57.3%) compared to monodigestion of camel dung that produced 45.6% of CH4) in a pH range between 7.0 to 8.1. The improvement has also found related to high biodegradability of the MSW, the slight ammonium concentration, the optimization of the carbon-to-nitrogen ratio (C/N 25.8:1) and to the well-balanced nutrients content of the feedstock. The digestate coming from anaerobic co-digestion has also used as bio-fertilizer and this by-product has a benefit to avoid the harmful effect in the digester system and in the surrounding environment. It is shown clearly that the MSW and CD are highly desirable substrates for anaerobic co-digestion with regards to their good biodegradability, high methane yield and good bio-fertilizer quality.

CITE THIS ARTICLE

MLA
Kheira, Benaissa Nawel, et al. “Effects of Co-digestion of Camel Dung and Municipal Solid Wastes on Quality of Biogas, Methane and Biofertilizer Production.” Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences 40.1 (2017): 7-17.

APA
Kheira, B. N., Dadamoussa, B., Bendraoua, A., Mel, M., & Labed, B. (2017). Effects of Co-digestion of Camel Dung and Municipal Solid Wastes on Quality of Biogas, Methane and Biofertilizer Production. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 40(1), 7-17.

Chicago
Kheira, Benaissa Nawel, Belkheir Dadamoussa, Abdelaziz Bendraoua, Maizirwan Mel, and Brahim Labed. “Effects of Co-digestion of Camel Dung and Municipal Solid Wastes on Quality of Biogas, Methane and Biofertilizer Production.” Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences 40, no. 1 (2017): 7-17.

Harvard
Kheira, B.N., Dadamoussa, B., Bendraoua, A., Mel, M. and Labed, B., 2017. Effects of Co-digestion of Camel Dung and Municipal Solid Wastes on Quality of Biogas, Methane and Biofertilizer Production. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 40(1), pp.7-17.

Vancouver
Kheira, BN, Dadamoussa, B, Bendraoua, A, Mel, M, Labed, B. Effects of Co-digestion of Camel Dung and Municipal Solid Wastes on Quality of Biogas, Methane and Biofertilizer Production. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences. 2017;40(1):7-17.

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