Experimental Study of Composites Material Based on Thermal Analysis

Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences
Volume 43 No. 1, March 2018, Pages 37-44

Wan Azani Mustafa1,*, Syahrul Affandi Saidi1, Mustaffa Zainal2, Ragunathan Santiagoo2
1School of Engineering Technology, Kampus Sg. Chuchuh, Universiti Malaysia Perlis, 02100 Padang Besar, Perlis, Malaysia
2School of Environment Engineering, Kompleks Pengajian Jejawi 3, Universiti Malaysia Perlis, 02600 Arau, Perlis, Malaysia 02600 Arau, Perlis, Malaysia
*Corresponding author: azani.mustafa@gmail.com

KEYWORDS

Materials, composites, thermal, polypropylene, NaOH, NBBr

ABSTRACT

One of the most significant current discussions in material properties is the chemical treatment effect on the proposed materials. In this paper, the effects of NaOH and a-APS silane treatments on the characteristics and thermal analysis of Polypropylene (PP) /Recycled Acrylonitrile Butadiene (NBRr) / Banana Skin Powder (BSP) was studied. The heated two roll mill was used to melt, mix the compositors at a temperature of 180°C to produce six different fibre loading (70/30/5, 70/30/10, 70/30/15, 70/30/20, 70/30/25 and 70/30/30w/w). The effects of NaOH and a-APS silane treatment on PP/NBRr/BSP composites were analyzed by Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA) and Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC). Based on the results, the a-APS silane treated PP/NBRr/BSP composites has higher improvement on mechanical properties compared to the NaOH treated PP/NBRr/BSP composites, followed by the weakest mechanical properties of untreated PP/NBRr/BSP composites. These were due to good compatibility and stronger interaction between Si-O-Si moieties with the surface of fiber for a-APS silane treated BSP. Both a-APS silane and NaOH treated PP/NBRr/BSP composites have the same improvement of thermal properties and better than untreated PP/NBRr/BSP composites. DSC results also showed a-APS silane treated composite has a higher crystalline portion than untreated PP/NBRr/BSP composites. The results presented here may facilitate improvements in the material properties, especially Polypropylene (PP) /Recycle Acrylonitrile Butadiene Rubber (NBRr) /Banana Skin Powder (Bsp) Composites with NaOH and a-Aps Silane Treatment.

CITE THIS ARTICLE

MLA
Mustafa, Wan Azani, et al. “Experimental Study of Composites Material Based on Thermal Analysis.” Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences 43.1 (2018): 37-44.

APA
Mustafa, W. A., Saidi, S. A., Zainal, M., & Santiagoo, R. (2018). Experimental Study of Composites Material Based on Thermal Analysis. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 43(1), 37-44.

Chicago
Mustafa, Wan Azani, Syahrul Affandi Saidi, Mustaffa Zainal, and Ragunathan Santiagoo. “Experimental Study of Composites Material Based on Thermal Analysis.” Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences 43, no. 1 (2018): 37-44.

Harvard
Mustafa, W.A., Saidi, S.A., Zainal, M. and Santiagoo, R., 2018. Experimental Study of Composites Material Based on Thermal Analysis. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 43(1), pp.37-44.

Vancouver
Mustafa, WA, Saidi, SA, Zainal, M, Santiagoo, R. Experimental Study of Composites Material Based on Thermal Analysis. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences. 2018;43(1):37-44.

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