Lagrangian Grid LBM to Predict Solid Particles’ Dynamics immersed in Fluid in a Cavity

Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences
Volume 4, No. 1, December 2014, Pages 1-12

N. Aniza1,*, S. Hassan1, M. F. M. Nor1
1Universiti Teknologi Petronas, Bandar Seri Iskandar, 31750 Tronoh, Perak, Malaysia
*Corresponding author: noor.aniza87@gmail.com

KEYWORDS

Thermogravimetric Analysis, Biomass, Combustion, Kinetic, Activation Energy

ABSTRACT

The kinetic study of Malaysian Poultry Processing Dewatered Sludge (PPDS) from two different origins, namely PPDS 1 and PPDS 2, has been conducted by using thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). The temperature from 30°C to 1000°C was set in oxidizing atmosphere at four different heating rates. The TG and DTG profiles from the TGA result depicted that the combustion characteristic of both samples is different in every stage. Differences in fuel characteristic influenced the thermal behaviour of the samples. In this study, two models from the iso-conversional model free method, namely Flynn-Wall-Ozawa (FWO) and Kissinger-Akahira-Sunose (KAS) models were adopted to calculate the kinetic parameters. The average activation energy of PPDS 1 is lower than PPDS 2, which describes that the reaction mechanism of PPDS 1 is easier and requires less time to complete compared to PPDS 2. The difference in extracting PPDS between two origins of waste at sludge water treatment process slightly affected the outcome of this analysis.

CITE THIS ARTICLE

MLA
Aniza, N., et al. “The Kinetic Study of Malaysian Poultry Processing Dewatered Sludge (PPDS) Combustion Using Iso-Conversional Model Free Method.” Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences 4.1 (2014): 1-12.

APA
Aniza, N., Hassan, S., & Nor, M. F. M. (2014). The Kinetic Study of Malaysian Poultry Processing Dewatered Sludge (PPDS) Combustion Using Iso-Conversional Model Free Method. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 4(1), 1-12.

Chicago
Aniza, N., Hassan, S., and Nor, M. F. M. “The Kinetic Study of Malaysian Poultry Processing Dewatered Sludge (PPDS) Combustion Using Iso-Conversional Model Free Method.” Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences 4, no. 1 (2014): 1-12.

Harvard
Aniza, N., Hassan, S. and Nor, M.F.M., 2014. The Kinetic Study of Malaysian Poultry Processing Dewatered Sludge (PPDS) Combustion Using Iso-Conversional Model Free Method. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 4(1), pp.1-12.

Vancouver
Aniza, N, Hassan, S, Nor, MFM. The Kinetic Study of Malaysian Poultry Processing Dewatered Sludge (PPDS) Combustion Using Iso-Conversional Model Free Method. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences. 2014;4(1):1-12.

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