Analysis of Photovoltaic Thermal Using F-Chart Method for Domestic Hot Water
Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences
Volume 57, No. 2, May 2019, Pages 216-227
Mohd Afzanizam Mohd Rosli1,2,*, Hasif Jamil1
1 Fakulti Kejuruteraan Mekanikal, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia
2 Center of Advanced Research on Energy, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia
*Corresponding author: email@example.com
Mohd Afzanizam, Mohd Rosli, et al. "Analysis of Photovoltaic Thermal Using F-Chart Method for Domestic Hot Water." Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences 57.2 (2019): 216-227.
Mohd Afzanizam, M. R., & Hasif, J.(2019). Analysis of Photovoltaic Thermal Using F-Chart Method for Domestic Hot Water. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 57(2), 216-227.
Mohd Afzanizam Mohd Rosli, and Hasif Jamil."Analysis of Photovoltaic Thermal Using F-Chart Method for Domestic Hot Water." Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences. 57, no. 2 (2019): 216-227.
Mohd Afzanizam, M.R., Hasif, J., 2019. Analysis of Photovoltaic Thermal Using F-Chart Method for Domestic Hot Water. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences 57(2), pp. 216-227.
Mohd Afzanizam MR, Hasif J. Analysis of Photovoltaic Thermal Using F-Chart Method for Domestic Hot Water. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences. 2019;57(2): 216-227.
Domestic Solar Water Heating; F-Chart Method; Photovoltaic Thermal Collector; Solar Fraction
The purpose of this analysis is to determine the feasibility of the photovoltaic-thermal collector for domestic water heating application. Theoretical F-chart method was adopted in estimating the monthly energy generated by the solar water heating system. The study conducted in Ayer Keroh, Malacca where the weather data analysed using isotropic model. The monthly water heating load is designed to meet the requirements of a typical family house with four occupants. The collector tilt angle, heat transfer fluid, transmittance absorptance and loss coefficient follow the design parameters imposed by the F-Chart Method. Detail analysis indicates the photovoltaic thermal system is capable of meeting 94.0% of annual water heating load demand under optimal surface area of 7.48 m². The system produced 2,562.60 kWh heating energy per year, which is almost equivalent to the solar thermal performance under 5.61 m². In conclusion, the integration of photovoltaic thermal is acceptable for domestic water heating application in a tropical climate such as Malaysia although it generates lower thermal energy output per area than the conventional solar thermal collector.
 Das, Dudul, Pankaj Kalita, and Omkar Roy. "Flat plate hybrid photovoltaic-thermal (PV/T) system: A review on design and development." Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 84 (2018): 111-130.
 Brahim, Taoufik, and Abdelmajid Jemni. "Economical assessment and applications of photovoltaic/thermal hybrid solar technology: A review." Solar Energy 153 (2017): 540-561.
 Joshi, Sandeep S., and Ashwinkumar S. Dhoble. "Photovoltaic-Thermal systems (PVT): Technology review and future trends." Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 92 (2018): 848-882.
 Sachit, F. A., N. Tamaldin, M. A. M. Rosli, S. Misha, and A. L. Abdullah. "Current Progress on Flat-Plate Water Collector Design in Photovoltaic Thermal (PV/T) Systems: A Review" Journal of Advanced Research in Dynamical and Control Systems 10, no. 4 (2018): 680–689.
 Rosli, M. A. M., S. Mat, M. K. Anuar, Kamaruzzaman Sopian, M. Y. Sulaiman, and S. Ellias. "Progress on Flat-Plate Water Based of Photovoltaic Thermal (PV/T) System: A Review." Iranica Journal of Energy and Environment 5, no. 4 (2014): 409–418.
 Modjinou, Mawufemo, Jie Ji, Jing Li, Weiqi Yuan, and Fan Zhou. "A numerical and experimental study of micro-channel heat pipe solar photovoltaics thermal system." Applied energy 206 (2017): 708-722.
 Rosli, M. A. M., S. Mat, H. Ruslan, K. Sopian, and Hang Tuah Jaya. "Parametric study on water based photovoltaic thermal collector." In 7th international conference on renewable energy sources (RES’13),, pp. 135-140. 2013.
 Rosli, Mohd Afzanizam Mohd, Yap Joon Ping, Suhaimi Misha, Mohd Zaid Akop, Kamaruzzaman Sopian, Sohif Mat, Ali Najah Al-Shamani, and Muhammad Asraf Saruni. "Simulation Study of Computational Fluid Dynamics on Photovoltaic Thermal Water Collector with Different Designs of Absorber Tube." Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences 52, no. 1 (2018): 12-22.
 Sachit, F. A., Rosli, M. A. M., Tamaldin, N., Misha, S. and Abdullah, A. L. "Modelling, Validation and Analyzing Performance of Serpentine-Direct PV/T Solar Collector Design." CFD Letters 11, no. 2 (2019): 50–65.
 Touafek, K., F. Kerrour, H. Haloui, and A. Khelifa. "Model validation of an empirical photovoltaic thermal (PV/T) collector." Energy Procedia 74 (2015): 1090-1099.
 Mishra, R. K., and G. N. Tiwari. "Energy matrices analyses of hybrid photovoltaic thermal (HPVT) water collector with different PV technology." Solar Energy 91 (2013): 161-173.
 Wang, Zhangyuan, Zicong Huang, Siming Zheng, and Xudong Zhao. "Solar water heaters." In A Comprehensive Guide to Solar Energy Systems, pp. 111-125. 2018.
 Shukla, Ruchi, K. Sumathy, Phillip Erickson, and Jiawei Gong. "Recent advances in the solar water heating systems: A review." Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 19 (2013): 173-190.
 Vokas, G., N. Christandonis, and F. Skittides. "Hybrid photovoltaic–thermal systems for domestic heating and cooling—a theoretical approach." Solar energy 80, no. 5 (2006): 607-615.
 Yuan, Yanping, Liping Ouyang, Liangliang Sun, Xiaoling Cao, Bo Xiang, and Xingxing Zhang. "Effect of connection mode and mass flux on the energy output of a PVT hot water system." Solar Energy 158 (2017): 285-294.
 Solar Rating and Certification Corporation. “OR-100 ICC-SRCC Certified Solar Collector Number 10001844” Ratings Summary Page. https://secure.solar-rating.org/Certification/Ratings/RatingsSummaryPage.aspx?type=1. (accessed April 6, 2019).
 Klein, Sanford Alan, William A. Beckman, and John A. Duffie. "A design procedure for solar heating systems." Solar energy 18, no. 2 (1976): 113-127.
 Rosli, Mohd Afzanizam Mohd, Danial Shafiq Mohd Zaki, Fatiha Abdul Rahman, Suhaila Sepeai, Nurfaizey Abdul Hamid, and Muhammad Zaid Nawam. "F-Chart Method for Design Domestic Hot Water Heating System in Ayer Keroh Melaka." Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences 56, no. 1 (2019): 59-67.
 Thornbloom, Mark D., and Jane H. Davidson. "Influence of heat exchanger effectiveness and system flow rates on experimental ratings of a genetic antifreeze SDHW system." In Proceedings of the... Annual Conference, American Solar Energy Society, Inc (USA). 1992.
 National Water Service Commission. "Domestic Consumption Per Capita Per Day 2015 – 2016." SPAN. https://www.span.gov.my/article/view/domestic-consumption-2015-2016. (accessed October 15, 2018).
 Ahmad, Mohd Hamdan, Malsiah Hamid, Mehdi Hanafi Koumleh, Mohammadreza Askaripour Lahiji, and Nora Roostapoor. "The effect of air temperature on water temperature via traditional and statistical experimental design in Johor Bahru (Malaysia)." Journal of Applied Geology and Geophysics 1 (2013): 49-52.
 Oonk, Rodney L., Dennis E. Jones, and Bruce E. Cole-Appel. "Calculation of performance of N collectors in series from test data on a single collector." Sol. Energy;(United States) 23, no. 6 (1979): 535–536.
 Dubey, Swapnil, and G. N. Tiwari. "Analysis of PV/T flat plate water collectors connected in series." Solar Energy 83, no. 9 (2009): 1485-1498.
 Zahedi, H. R., Adam, N. M., Sapuan, S. M. and Ahmad, M. M. H. M. "Effect of Storage Tank Geometry on Performance of Solar Water Heater" Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research 66, no. 2 (2007): 146–151.
 Daghigh, Roonak, Mohd Hafidz Ruslan, and Kamaruzzaman Sopian. "Parametric studies of an active solar water heating system with various types of PVT collectors." Sadhana 40, no. 7 (2015): 2177-2196.
 Klein, S. A. "Calculation of the monthly-average transmittance-absorptance product." Solar Energy 23, no. 2 (1979): 547-551.
 Tian, Zhiyong, Bengt Perers, Simon Furbo, Jianhua Fan, Jie Deng, and Janne Dragsted. "A comprehensive approach for modelling horizontal diffuse radiation, direct normal irradiance and total tilted solar radiation based on global radiation under Danish climate conditions." Energies 11, no. 5 (2018): 1315.
 Duffie, John A., William A. Beckman, and W. M. Worek. Solar engineering of thermal processes. Vol. 3. New York: Wiley, 2013.
 Kotak, Y., M. S. Gul, T. Muneer, and S. M. Ivanova. "Investigating the impact of ground albedo on the performance of pv systems." In Proceedings of CIBSE Technical Symposium, London, UK, pp. 16-17. 2015.
 Taloub, Djedid, Abdelkarim Bouras, and Zied Driss. "Study of The Influence of External Parameters on Thermal Performance of a Solar Water Collector." Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences 53, no. 2 (2019): 213–222.
 Azhari, A. W., M. A. Alghoul, S. H. Zaidi, A. H. Ibrahim, J. M. Abdulateef, A. Zaharim, and K. Sopian. "Development of Diffused Solar Radiation Maps using GIS Software for Malaysia." Models and Methods in Applied Sciences (2012): 124-128.
 American Society of Sanitary Engineering, Guidelines for Temperature Control Devices in Domestic Hot Water Systems. ASSE International, Illinois, 2018.
 International Plumbing Code, Code 424.3 Individual shower valves. International Code Council, United States of America, 2012.
 National Health Service Estates, ‘Safe’ hot water and surface temperatures Health Guidance Note. NHS Estates, London, 1998.
 Public Health Association of Australia. Policy-at-a-glance – Hot Tap Water Temperature and Scalds Policy. Public Health Association of Australia, Curtin, 2012.
 Koussa, Mustapha, Djohra Saheb, Hamza Belkhamsa, Mohamed Amine Lalaoui, Sid Ali Hakem, Sabrina Sami, Boussaa Zoubir, and Hamane Mustapha. "Effect of parallel and serie connection configuration of solar collector on the solar system performances." In IREC2015 The Sixth International Renewable Energy Congress, pp. 1-6. IEEE, 2015.