Mathematical Analysis and Thermal Modelling of a Pilot-Scale Pyrolysis Gas Furnace
Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences
Volume 65, No. 1, January 2020, Pages 81-93
Felix Ishola1,*, Festus Oyawale1,2, Anthony Inegbenebor1, Henry Boyo1,3, Stephen Akinlabi1,4, Oluremilekun Oyetunji5
1 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Covenant University, Ota, Nigeria
2 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Bells University, Ota, Nigeria
3 Department of Physics, Covenant University, Ota, Nigeria
4 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Walter Sisulu University, East London 5200, South Africa
5 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso, Nigeria
*Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Pyrolysis; Gas-Fired Furnace; modelling; thermal boundary; Heat transfer
A numerical model for the thermal operations directly related to all significant heat and mass transfer within a designed furnace chamber was developed, taking into consideration the surface area of the internal structures and surrounding furnace walls of the furnace. Some specific sets of theories on the internal and external flow of heat energy in furnaces as well as boilers were adopted and modified to exhibit a steady-state condition model for the designed gas-fired pyrolytic furnace. Existing thermal models were selected and adjusted to arrive at a unique mathematical model that was used to analyse and verify the heat distribution at different regions of the built pyrolytic furnace with the aid of the basic principles of heat and mass transfer and the associated assumptions. The distinctive numerical model formed the basis for the MATLAB Simulink program used to validate the experimental data gotten from runs of heating and cooling of the pyrolytic furnace during operation. The result of the simulated behaviour of the furnace achieved a fit to the estimation of the data of 87.16% in correlation with the real experimental data. This established a thermal function that can be used as a model for potential optimisation of the pyrolysis process of the pilot furnace.
CITE THIS ARTICLE
Felix, Ishola, et al. “Mathematical Analysis and Thermal Modelling of a Pilot-Scale Pyrolysis Gas Furnace.” Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences 65.1 (2020): 81-93.
Felix, I., Festus, O., Anthony, I., Henry, B., Stephen, A., & Oluremilekun, O.(2020). Mathematical Analysis and Thermal Modelling of a Pilot-Scale Pyrolysis Gas Furnace. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 65(1), 81-93.
Felix Ishola, Festus Oyawale, Anthony Inegbenebor, Henry Boyo, Stephen Akinlabi and Oluremilekun Oyetunji. “Mathematical Analysis and Thermal Modelling of a Pilot-Scale Pyrolysis Gas Furnace.” Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences. 65, no. 1 (2020): 81-93.
Felix, I., Festus, O., Anthony, I., Henry, B., Stephen, A., and Oluremilekun, O., 2020. Mathematical Analysis and Thermal Modelling of a Pilot-Scale Pyrolysis Gas Furnace. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences 65(1), pp. 81-93.
Felix I, Festus O, Anthony I, Henry B, Stephen A, Oluremilekun O. Mathematical Analysis and Thermal Modelling of a Pilot-Scale Pyrolysis Gas Furnace. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences. 2020;65(1): 81-93.
REFERENCES Schwartz, Renée, and Brandy Skjold. “Teaching about scientific models in a science content course.” Educación Química 23, no. 4 (2012): 451-457.
 Downes, Stephen M. “Models, pictures, and unified accounts of representation: Lessons from aesthetics for philosophy of science.” Perspectives on Science 17, no. 4 (2009): 417-428.
 Jenkins, Scott. “Industrial and Process Furnaces: Principles, Design and Application.” Chemical Engineering 121, no. 1 (2014): 8-9.
 Fong, N. K., and K. C. Wong. “Statistical Data for Fires in Hong Kong and Preliminary Views on Building Fire Risk Analysis.” Fire Safety Science 3 (1988): 593-603.
 Tejani, Ghanshyam G., Vimal J. Savsani, Vivek K. Patel, and Seyedali Mirjalili. “An improved heat transfer search algorithm for unconstrained optimization problems.” Journal of Computational Design and Engineering 6, no. 1 (2019): 13-32.
 Oladokun, V. O., and F. A. Isohola. “A risk analysis model for fire disasters in commericial complexes in Nigeria.” Pacific J. Sci. Technol. 11, no. 2, (2010): 376–386.
 Pierson, Hugh O. Handbook of carbon, graphite, diamonds and fullerenes: processing, properties and applications. William Andrew, 2012.
 Ishola, Felix A., Patrick N. Onwar, Iyanuoluwa E. Ogun, Iyanuoluwa E. Ogunrinola, and Amanda O. Ndubuisi. “2-DIMENSIONAL CFD SIM FIRED PYROLYS.” Technology 9, no. 12 (2018): 383-394.
 Chhabra, V., Y. Shastri, and S. Bhattacharya. “Kinetics of pyrolysis of mixed municipal solid waste-A review.” Procedia Environmental Sciences 35 (2016): 513-527.
 Abioye, Abiodun A., Oluwabunmi P. Abioye, O. O. Ajayi, Sunday A. Afolalu, M. A. Fajobi, and P. O. Atanda. “Mechanical and microstructural characterization of ductile iron produced from fuel-fired rotary furnace.” International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Technology (IJMET) 9, no. 1 (2018): 694-704.
 Jawad, Salah K. “Investigation of the dimensions design components for the rectangular indirect resistance electrical furnaces.” Am. J. Engg. & Applied Sci 3, no. 2 (2010): 350-354.
 Nur Sakinah Mohd Yusoffa, Maizirwan Mel, Wan Bazli Wan Ishak, Azlin Suhaida Azmi. ” Production of Coconut Shell Liquid Smoke from Pilot Plant of Pyrolysis Process.” Journal of Advanced Research in Biofuel and Bioenergy 1, no. 1 (2017): 20-25.
 Elfasakhany, A. “Modeling of secondary reaction of tar (SRT) using a functional group model.” International Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Technology (2012): 123-136.
 Funke, A., T. Demus, T. Willms, L. Schenke, T. Echterhof, A. Niebel, H. Pfeifer, and N. Dahmen. “Application of fast pyrolysis char in an electric arc furnace.” Fuel processing technology 174 (2018): 61-68.
 Cadena-Ramírez, Alejandro, Antonio Favela-Contreras, and Graciano Dieck-Assad. “Modeling and simulation of furnace pulse firing improvements using fuzzy control.” Simulation 93, no. 6 (2017): 477-487.
 Ishola, Felix A., Anthony O. Inegbenebor, and Festus A. Oyawale. “Thermal Modelling for A Pilot Scale Pyrolytic Furnace for Production of Carbon Black.” In Journal of Physics: Conference Series, vol. 1378, no. 3, p. 032089. IOP Publishing, 2019.
 Ahmad, Syahirah Faraheen Kabir, Md Ali, Umi Fazara, Khairuddin Md Isa, Syahirah Faraheen Kabir Ahmad, Umi Fazara Md Ali, and Khairuddin Md Isa. “Compilation of liquefaction and pyrolysis method used for bio-oil production from various biomass: A review.” Environmental Engineering Research 25, no. 1 (2019): 18-28.
 Lam, Su Shiung, Elfina Azwar, Wanxi Peng, Yiu Fai Tsang, Nyuk Ling Ma, Zhenling Liu, Young-Kwon Park, and Eilhann E. Kwon. “Cleaner conversion of bamboo into carbon fibre with favourable physicochemical and capacitive properties via microwave pyrolysis combining with solvent extraction and chemical impregnation.” Journal of Cleaner Production 236 (2019): 117692.
 A. R. Mohamed, K. S. A. Sohaimi, N. R. Munirah, N. A. Yusoff, N. H. M. Salleh, S. N. A. A. Termizi, W. A. Mustafa, A. H. A. Aziz, R. I. Ismail, N. N. Kasim, A. N. Awang, K. K. Hau. “Catalytic Pyrolysis of Empty Fruit Bunch (EFB) with Cobalt Alumina Catalyst.” Journal of Advanced Research in Engineering Knowledge 4, no. 1 (2018): 33-40.
 Kim, Jung-Hun, Jeong-Ik Oh, Yiu Fai Tsang, Young-Kwon Park, Jechan Lee, and Eilhann E. Kwon. “CO2-assisted catalytic pyrolysis of digestate with steel slag.” Energy 191 (2020): 116529.
 Luo, Ying, Haoxi Ben, Zhihong Wu, Kai Nie, Guangting Han, and Wei Jiang. “Impact of CO2 on Pyrolysis Products of Bituminous Coal and Platanus Sawdust.” Polymers 11, no. 8 (2019): 1370.
 Ishola, Felix A., Fetus A. Oyawale, A. O. Inegbenebor, and Henry Boyo. “Design of a high Temperature ‘Anaerobic Gas-Furnace’suitable for Pyrolysis.” In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, vol. 413, no. 1, p. 012079. IOP Publishing, 2018.
 Fan, Yuesheng, and Pengfei Si. “The Study of Numerical Simulation of Oxygenenriched Burner System.” CFD Letters 2, no. 4 (2010): 197–207.
 Babalola, P. O., and Christian Bolu. “Design and construction of tilting furnace for producing aluminium matrix composites.” Proc. ICCEM (2012): 260-271.
 Summers, Claude M. “The conversion of energy.” Scientific American 225, no. 3 (1971): 148-163.
 Adewole, Bamiji Z., Olatunde A. Abidakun, and Abraham A. Asere. “Artificial neural network prediction of exhaust emissions and flame temperature in LPG (liquefied petroleum gas) fueled low swirl burner.” Energy 61 (2013): 606-611.
 Paramonov, A. M. “Heating furnaces efficiency improvement.” Procedia Engineering 113 (2015): 181-185.
 Q. Li and Hui Zhou. “Heat Transfer Calculation in Furnaces.” Theory and Calculation of Heat Transfer in Furnaces, (2016): 131–172.
 G. Dasari, A. Krishnaiah, and A. Gupta. “Model Reduction of CFD Simulation of Integrated Circuit Cooling of an Electronics Packaging.” Int. J. Mech. Eng. Technol. 9, no. 3 (2018): 806–812.
 Abed, Abbas Alwi Sakhir. “Effects of the Combustion Gases on The Radiation Heat Transfer.” Technology 9, no. 8 (2018): 230-247.
 Vondál, Ji?í, and Ji?í Hájek. “Wall heat transfer in gas-fired furnaces: Effect of radiation modelling.” Applied and Computational Mechanics 9, no. 1 (2015): 67-78.
 Incropera, Frank P., Adrienne S. Lavine, Theodore L. Bergman, and David P. DeWitt. Fundamentals of heat and mass transfer. Wiley, 2007.
 Alexopoulos, Spiridon O., Jürgen Dersch, Martin Roeb, and Robert Pitz-Paal. “Simulation model for the transient process behaviour of solar aluminium recycling in a rotary kiln.” Applied Thermal Engineering 78 (2015): 387-396.
 Bergman, Theodore L., Frank P. Incropera, David P. DeWitt, and Adrienne S. Lavine. Fundamentals of heat and mass transfer. John Wiley & Sons, 2011.
 Ishola Felix, A., Aworinde Abraham Kehinde, O. Ajayi Oluseyi, F. A. Oyawale, and A. O. Inegbenebor. “Parameters for Design and Construction of a Pilot Scale Pyrolysis Gas-Furnace.” 2018.
 Sachit, Fadhil Abdulameer, Mohd Afzanizam Mohd Rosli, Noreffendy Tamaldin, Suhaimi Misha, and Amira Lateef Abdullah. “Numerical Investigation and Performance Analysis of Photovoltaic Thermal PV/T Absorber Designs: A Comparative Study.” Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences 58, no. 1, (2019): 62-77.
 Merabti, Soufiane, Fatah Bounaama, Belkacem Draoui, and Merabti Soufiane. “Experimental study and thermal modeling (linearization of nonlinear system) of building: southwest Algeria case.” Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences 58, no. 1 (2019): 30-42.
 KODERA, Yoichi, and Mamoru KAIHO. “Model calculation of heat balance of wood pyrolysis.” Journal of the Japan Institute of Energy 95, no. 10 (2016): 881-889.