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## Mathematical Analysis and Thermal Modelling of a Pilot-Scale Pyrolysis Gas Furnace

Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences
Volume 65, No. 1, January 2020, Pages 81-93

Felix Ishola1,*, Festus Oyawale1,2, Anthony Inegbenebor1, Henry Boyo1,3, Stephen Akinlabi1,4, Oluremilekun Oyetunji5
1 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Covenant University, Ota, Nigeria
2 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Bells University, Ota, Nigeria
3 Department of Physics, Covenant University, Ota, Nigeria
4 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Walter Sisulu University, East London 5200, South Africa
5 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso, Nigeria
*Corresponding author: felix.ishola@covenantuniversity.edu.ng

## KEYWORDS

Pyrolysis; Gas-Fired Furnace; modelling; thermal boundary; Heat transfer

## ABSTRACT

A numerical model for the thermal operations directly related to all significant heat and mass transfer within a designed furnace chamber was developed, taking into consideration the surface area of the internal structures and surrounding furnace walls of the furnace. Some specific sets of theories on the internal and external flow of heat energy in furnaces as well as boilers were adopted and modified to exhibit a steady-state condition model for the designed gas-fired pyrolytic furnace. Existing thermal models were selected and adjusted to arrive at a unique mathematical model that was used to analyse and verify the heat distribution at different regions of the built pyrolytic furnace with the aid of the basic principles of heat and mass transfer and the associated assumptions. The distinctive numerical model formed the basis for the MATLAB Simulink program used to validate the experimental data gotten from runs of heating and cooling of the pyrolytic furnace during operation. The result of the simulated behaviour of the furnace achieved a fit to the estimation of the data of 87.16% in correlation with the real experimental data. This established a thermal function that can be used as a model for potential optimisation of the pyrolysis process of the pilot furnace.

MLA
Felix, Ishola, et al. “Mathematical Analysis and Thermal Modelling of a Pilot-Scale Pyrolysis Gas Furnace.” Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences 65.1 (2020): 81-93.

APA
Felix, I., Festus, O., Anthony, I., Henry, B., Stephen, A., & Oluremilekun, O.(2020). Mathematical Analysis and Thermal Modelling of a Pilot-Scale Pyrolysis Gas Furnace. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 65(1), 81-93.

Chicago
Felix Ishola, Festus Oyawale, Anthony Inegbenebor, Henry Boyo, Stephen Akinlabi and Oluremilekun Oyetunji. “Mathematical Analysis and Thermal Modelling of a Pilot-Scale Pyrolysis Gas Furnace.” Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences. 65, no. 1 (2020): 81-93.

Harvard
Felix, I., Festus, O., Anthony, I., Henry, B., Stephen, A., and Oluremilekun, O., 2020. Mathematical Analysis and Thermal Modelling of a Pilot-Scale Pyrolysis Gas Furnace. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences 65(1), pp. 81-93.

Vancouver
Felix I, Festus O, Anthony I, Henry B, Stephen A, Oluremilekun O. Mathematical Analysis and Thermal Modelling of a Pilot-Scale Pyrolysis Gas Furnace. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences. 2020;65(1): 81-93.

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