Feasibility Study of Plasma Actuator for Flow Separation Control

Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences
Volume 65, No. 2, January 2020, Pages 201-212

Md Nizam Dahalan1,*, Hafizah Zahari1, Ainullotfi Abdul-Latif1, Shabudin Mat1, Shuhaimi Mansor1, Norazila Othman1, Mastura Abd Wahid1, Wan Zaidi Wan Omar1, Wan Khairuddin Wan Ali1, Tholudin Mat Lazim1, Mohd Nazri Nasir1
1 Aeronautics Laboratory, School of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 Skudai, Johor, Malaysia
*Corresponding author: nizam@mail.fkm.utm.my

KEYWORDS

Plasma actuator; active control; flow separation control

ABSTRACT

The plasma actuator, or dielectric barrier discharged (DBD) actuator, is a flow control technique which comprises three simple components, namely, an exposed electrode, a dielectric layer, and a covered electrode. By providing sufficient applied voltage, the air will locally ionize. In the presence of the electric field, the ionized air induces thrust in the surrounding air, thus jetting the flow in the stream-wise direction, and momentum will be generated in the ambient air, which forms the basis for flow separation control strategy. This project presents the findings of experimental tests and numerical simulations on the operation of plasma actuator under several input conditions and geometries in order to investigate the feasibility of plasma actuator to control the flow separation. An experiment was conducted to visualize the formation of plasma on 0.15 mm thick of Kapton dielectric actuator under an applied voltage of 5 to 10 kVp-p. The results demonstrate that, by increasing the input voltage, the generation of plasma also increases. Moreover, numerical analysis of plasma actuator under various applied voltages, dielectric materials, dielectric thicknesses, and covered electrode widths were computed using COMSOL Multiphysics software. Based on the findings, the trend of the results produced is nearly similar to those of previous researchers. However, further studies are needed to investigate the impact of gas temperature, pressure and flow velocity on the discharge of a plasma actuator.

CITE THIS ARTICLE

MLA
Md Nizam, Dahalan, et al. “Feasibility Study of Plasma Actuator for Flow Separation Control.” Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences 65.2 (2020): 201-212.

APA
Md Nizam, D., Hafizah, Z., Ainullotfi, A. L., Shabudin, M., Shuhaimi, M., Norazila, O., Mastura, A. W., Wan Zaidi, W. O., Wan Khairuddin, W. A., Tholudin, M. L., & Mohd Nazri, N.(2020). Feasibility Study of Plasma Actuator for Flow Separation Control. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 65(2), 201-212.

Chicago
Md Nizam Dahalan, Hafizah Zahari, Ainullotfi Abdul-Latif, Shabudin Mat, Shuhaimi Mansor, Norazila Othman, Mastura Abd Wahid, Wan Zaidi Wan Omar, Wan Khairuddin Wan Ali, Tholudin Mat Lazim, and Mohd Nazri Nasir. “Feasibility Study of Plasma Actuator for Flow Separation Control.” Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences. 65, no. 2 (2020): 201-212.

Harvard
Md Nizam, D., Hafizah, Z., Ainullotfi, A.L., Shabudin, M., Shuhaimi, M., Norazila, O., Mastura, A.W., Wan Zaidi, W.O., Wan Khairuddin, W.A., Tholudin, M.L. and Mohd Nazri, N., 2020. Feasibility Study of Plasma Actuator for Flow Separation Control. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences 65(2), pp. 201-212.

Vancouver
Md Nizam D, Hafizah Z, Ainullotfi AL, Shabudin M, Shuhaimi M, Norazila O, Mastura AW, Wan Zaidi WO, Wan Khairuddin WA, Tholudin ML, Mohd Nazri N. Feasibility Study of Plasma Actuator for Flow Separation Control. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences. 2020;65(2): 201-212.

REFERENCES

[1] A. Hamad, Syed Mohammed Aminuddin Aftab, and Kamarul Arifin Ahmad. “Reducing Flow Separation in T-Junction Pipe Using Vortex Generator: CFD Study.” Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences 44, no. 1 (2018): 36-46.
[2] Godard, Gilles, and Michel Stanislas. “Control of a decelerating boundary layer. Part 1: Optimization of passive vortex generators.” Aerospace Science and Technology 10, no. 3 (2006): 181-191.
[3] Magill, John, Matthew Bachmann, Gregory Rixon, and Keith McManus. “Dynamic stall control using a model-based observer.” Journal of Aircraft 40, no. 2 (2003): 355-362.
[4] https://www.skybrary.aero/index.php/Krueger_Flaps.
[5] Geissler, W., H. Sobieczky, and M. Trenker. “New rotor airfoil design procedure for unsteady flow control.” In 26th European Rotorcraft Forum, (2000).
[6] Geissler, W., and M. T. Trenker. “Numerical investigation of dynamic stall control by a Nose?Drooping device.” American helicopter society, San Francisco CA (2002): 23-25.
[7] Lorber, Peter, Duane McCormick, Torger Anderson, Brian Wake, Douglas MacMartin, Michael Pollack, Thomas Corke, and Kenneth Breuer. “Rotorcraft retreating blade stall control.” In Fluids 2000 Conference and Exhibit, (2000): 2475.
[8] Koopmans E., and Hoeijmakers H.W.M. “Experimental Research on Flow Separation Control Using Synthetic Jet Actuators.” In 29th Congress of the International Council of the Aeronautical Sciences (ICAS), (2014).
[9] Dahalan, Md Nizam, Shuhaimi Mansor, and Muhammad Muzakkir Faiz Ali. “Study the Orifice Effects of A Synthetic Jet Actuator Design.” Jurnal Teknologi 77, no. 8 (2015): 1-7.
[10] Zhao, Guoqing, Qijun Zhao, Yunsong Gu, and Xi Chen. “Experimental investigations for parametric effects of dual synthetic jets on delaying stall of a thick airfoil.” Chinese Journal of Aeronautics 29, no. 2 (2016): 346-357.
[11] Mat, Shabudin B., Mohd Fahmi B. Abdullah, Md Nizam Dahalan, Mazuriah B. Said, Shuhaimi Mansor, Ainullotfi Abdul-Latif, and Tholudin Mat Lazim. “Effects of Synthetic Jet Actuator (SJA) on Flow Topology of Blunt-Edged UTM VFE2 Wing Model.” In 55th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting, (2017): 0326.
[12] Boualem, K., T. Yahiaoui, and A. Azzi. “Numerical Investigation of Improved Aerodynamic Performance of a NACA 0015 Airfoil Using Synthetic Jet.” International Journal of Mechanical, Aerospace, Industrial, Mechatronic and Manufacturing Engineering 11, no. 3 (2017): 487-491.
[13] Donovan, John, Linda Kral, and Andrew Cary. “Active flow control applied to an airfoil.” In 36th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, (1998): 210.
[14] Matlis, Eric Hill. “Controlled experiments on instabilities and transition to turbulence on a sharp cone at Mach 3.5.” (PhD diss., University of Notre Dame, 2004).
[15] Zhao, Guangyin, Yinghong Li, Hua Liang, Menghu Han, and Yun Wu. “Flow separation control on swept wing with nanosecond pulse driven DBD plasma actuators.” Chinese Journal of Aeronautics 28, no. 2 (2015): 368-376.
[16] Zhang, Xin, Yong Huang, Xunnian Wang, Wanbo Wang, Kun Tang, and Huaxing Li. “Turbulent boundary layer separation control using plasma actuator at Reynolds number 2000000.” Chinese Journal of Aeronautics 29, no. 5 (2016): 1237-1246.
[17] Corke, Thomas C., Martiqua L. Post, and Dmitriy M. Orlov. “Single dielectric barrier discharge plasma enhanced aerodynamics: physics, modeling and applications.” Experiments in Fluids 46, no. 1 (2009): 1-26.
[18] David M. Schatzman, and Flint O. Thomas. “Turbulent Boundary Layer Separation Control Using Plasma Actuators.” In 4th Flow Control Conference, (2008): 1-15.
[19] Moreau, E., Debien, A., Bénard, N., Jukes, T., Whalley, R., Choi, K. S., Berendt, A., Podli?ski, J., and Mizeraczyk, J. “Surface Dielectric Barrier Discharge Plasma Actuator.” ERCOFTAC Bulletin 94, (1994).
[20] Shyy, W., B. Jayaraman, and A. Andersson. “Modeling of glow discharge-induced fluid dynamics.” Journal of applied physics 92, no. 11 (2002): 6434-6443.
[21] Suzen, Yildirim, and George Huang. “Simulations of flow separation control using plasma actuators.” In 44th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, (2006): 877.
[22] Thomas, Flint O., Thomas C. Corke, Muhammad Iqbal, Alexey Kozlov, and David Schatzman. “Optimization of dielectric barrier discharge plasma actuators for active aerodynamic flow control.” AIAA Journal 47, no. 9 (2009): 2169-2178.
[23] Joseph W. F. “Thrust Measurement of Dielectric Barrier Discharge Plasma Actuators and Power Requirements for Aerodynamic Control.” (Master’s thesis, Missouri University of Science and Technology, 2010).