Preparation and Characterization of Mycelium as a Bio-Matrix in Fabrication of Bio-Composite

Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences
Volume 65, No. 2, January 2020, Pages 253-263

Mohammad Aliff Shakir1, Baharin Azahari2, Yusri Yusup1, Mohd Firdaus Yhaya3, Ali Salehabadi1, Mardiana Idayu Ahmad1,*
1 Environmental Technology Division, School of Industrial Technology, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Gelugor, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia
2 Bio-resource, Paper and Coatings Technology Division, School of Industrial Technology, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Gelugor, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia
3 Biomaterial and 3D Imaging (BioM3D) Laboratory, School of Dental Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 16150 Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia
*Corresponding author: drmia707@gmail.com

KEYWORDS

Mycelium; thermal; bio-matrix; bio-composite

ABSTRACT

The objective of this work is to access the possibility of mycelium as a new reinforcement and inexpensive bio-matrix in production of bio-composite board. In this study, mycelium has been obtained from different substrate, inoculation time, and heating time processing. Various properties of the mycelium bio-matrix, either chemical or physical, were measured using Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, Thermogravimetry (TG/DTG), Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Light Microscopy, and flexural strength test. The structural analysis of the samples indicates that the chitin content in the mycelium increases as inoculated with either cellulosic substrate or starch substrates, but with prolonged inoculation time. The TGA and DSC thermograms reveal that the thermal stability and glass transition (Tg) temperature are improved with prolonged inoculation time. The morphological observations confirm the presence of mycelium networks which can be used as a potential bio-matrix in bio-composites. The mechanical properties of the samples, at pressing times of 20 and 40 min, show an enhanced flexural strength of mycelium bio-composite board from 1.82 MPa to 3.91 MPa.

CITE THIS ARTICLE

MLA
Mohammad Aliff, Shakir, et al. “Preparation and Characterization of Mycelium as a Bio-Matrix in Fabrication of Bio-Composite.” Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences 65.2 (2020): 253-263.

APA
Mohammad Aliff, S., Baharin, A., Yusri, Y., Mohd Firdaus, Y., Ali, S., & Mardiana Idayu, A.(2020). Preparation and Characterization of Mycelium as a Bio-Matrix in Fabrication of Bio-Composite. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 65(2), 253-263.

Chicago
Mohammad Aliff Shakir, Baharin Azahari, Yusri Yusup, Mohd Firdaus Yhaya, Ali Salehabadi, and Mardiana Idayu Ahmad. “Preparation and Characterization of Mycelium as a Bio-Matrix in Fabrication of Bio-Composite.” Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences. 65, no. 2 (2020): 253-263.

Harvard
Mohammad Aliff, S., Baharin, A., Yusri, Y., Mohd Firdaus, Y., Ali, S., and Mardiana Idayu, A., 2020. Preparation and Characterization of Mycelium as a Bio-Matrix in Fabrication of Bio-Composite. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences 65(2), pp. 253-263.

Vancouver
Mohammad Aliff S, Baharin A, Yusri Y, Mohd Firdaus Y, Ali S, Mardiana Idayu A. Preparation and Characterization of Mycelium as a Bio-Matrix in Fabrication of Bio-Composite. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences. 2020;65(2): 253-263.

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