journal-of-advanced-research-in-materials-scienceISSN (Online)
: 2289-7992

Frequency : Monthly

Editor-in-Chief : Dr. Abu Bakar Sulong (E-mail)
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Aims and Scope : Advanced Research in Materials Science is an international forum for the publication and dissemination of original work which contributes to greater scientific understanding of the main disciplines underpinning the material engineering sciences. The Journals reports principally the achievements of materials science all over the world, putting the stress on the original research papers, review articles, letters, research notes with novelty as well as brief of scientific achievement, covering a broad spectrum of materials science.

Recent Articles

Volume 44, No. 1 (May, 2018)

Material and Assembly Selection: Comparative Analysis of Embodied Energy and Carbon as an Index for Environmental Performance
Liman Alhaji Saba, Mohd Hamdan Ahmad, Roshida Abdul Majid, Ahmed Yahaya

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PUBLISHED ARTICLES

PrefaceVolume 1 - Volume 5Volume 6 - Volume 10Volume 11 - Volume 15Volume 16 - Volume 20Volume 21 - Volume 25Volume 26 - Volume 30Volume 31 - Volume 35Volume 36 - Volume 40Volume 41 - Volume 45Volume 46 - Volume 50Volume 51 - Volume 55
Volume 51, No. 1 (December, 2018)
Acid Hydrolysis Optimization of Corn Cob As Raw Material for Xylitol Production
Efri Mardawati, Herlin Herliansah, Alfredo Matheus, Ibad Badruzaman, Dwi Wahyudha Wira, In In Hanidah, Robi Andoyo, Imas Siti Setiasih, Edy Suryadi, Een Sukarinah, Mohammad Djali, Tita Rialita, Yana Cahyana
Page 1 – 9
AbstractThe aim of this study is to determine the optimum condition of corn cob hydrolysis in xylose production as a raw material of xylitol. The optimum condition was determined with maximization of xylose concentrations, the ratio of xylose-glucose concentrations, and minimization of acetic acid concentrations responses. The method used in this research was experimental research with Response Surface Methodology (RSM), particularly Central Composite Design (CCD), utilizing Design Expert 7.0.0 software which was performed at operating temperature of 121 ºC using various reaction time (10-15 min) and concentration of sulfuric acid (2–6%). The result of this research showed that mathematical models were obtained in order to predict the concentration of xylose, the ratio of xylose-glucose concentration, acetic acid concentration in the hydrolysate and to optimize the process. The optimum condition of acid hydrolysis in multi-objective responses was obtained at 12.54 minutes hydrolysis time and 3.19% usage of sulfuric acid concentration. The optimum of xylose concentration, the ratio of xylose-glucose concentration, and acetic acid concentration found in the hydrolysate was 8.89 g/L; 1.06; and 1.27 g/L, respectively.
CiteMLA
Efri, Mardawati, et al. "Acid Hydrolysis Optimization of Corn Cob As Raw Material for Xylitol Production." Journal of Advanced Research in Materials Science 51.1 (2018): 1-10.
APA
Efri, M., Herlin, H., Alfredo, M., Ibad, B., Dwi, W. W., In, I. H., Robi, A., Imas, S. S., Edy, S., Een, S., Mohammad, D., Tita, R., & Yana, C.(2018). Acid Hydrolysis Optimization of Corn Cob As Raw Material for Xylitol Production. Journal of Advanced Research in Materials Science, 51(1), 1-10.
Chicago
Efri Mardawati, Herlin Herliansah, Alfredo Matheus, Ibad Badruzaman, Dwi Wahyudha Wira, In In Hanidah, Robi Andoyo, Imas Siti Setiasih, Edy Suryadi, Een Sukarinah, Mohammad Djali, Tita Rialita, and Yana Cahyana."Acid Hydrolysis Optimization of Corn Cob As Raw Material for Xylitol Production." Journal of Advanced Research in Materials Science." 51, no. 1 (2018): 1-10.
Harvard
Efri, M., Herlin, H., Alfredo, M., Ibad, B., Dwi, W.W., In, I.H., Robi, A., Imas, S.S., Edy, S., Een, S., Mohammad, D., Tita, R., and Yana, C.,2018. Acid Hydrolysis Optimization of Corn Cob As Raw Material for Xylitol Production. Journal of Advanced Research in Materials Science 51(1), pp. 1-10.
Vancouver
Efri M, Herlin H, Alfredo M, Ibad B, Dwi WW, In IH, Robi A, Imas SS, Edy S, Een S, Mohammad D, Tita R, Yana C. Acid Hydrolysis Optimization of Corn Cob As Raw Material for Xylitol Production. Journal of Advanced Research in Materials Science. 2018;51(1): 1-10.

Investigation on the Deactivation of Cobalt and Iron Catalysts in Catalytic Growth of Carbon Nanotube Using a Growth Rate Model
Muhammad Thalhah Zainal, Mohd Fairus Mohd Yasin, Muhammad Abid Ira Irawan, Muhammad Faizullizam Roslan, Norikhwan Hamzah, Mohd Zamri Mohd Yusop
Page 11 - 22

AbstractThe deactivation of metal catalyst particles during the catalytic growth of carbon nanotube (CNT) remains a hurdle in achieving high CNT growth rate and mass CNT production. In the present study, a CNT growth rate model is employed as the main framework to investigate the catalyst de-activation and lifetime of iron and cobalt catalysts. The growth rate model is first validated against a baseline case study that employs cobalt as the catalyst, acetylene as the carbon feedstock, and operating conditions of 1100 K and 20 Torr for temperature and partial pressure respectively. In order to illustrate catalyst deactivation, two parameters are varied namely the surface diffusivity and bulk diffusivity of carbon with respect to the specified catalyst. The results show that iron is the better catalyst compared to cobalt in terms of CNT length. The physics of deactivation of Fe and Co catalysts is also shown through prediction of carbon atoms and carbonaceous layers concentrations on a catalyst particle which favours Fe catalyst.
CiteMLA
Muhammad Thalhah, Zainal, et al. "Investigation on the Deactivation of Cobalt and Iron Catalysts in Catalytic Growth of Carbon Nanotube Using a Growth Rate Model." Journal of Advanced Research in Materials Science 51.1 (2018): 11-22.
APA
Muhammad Thalhah, Z., Mohd Fairus, M. Y., Muhammad Abid, I. I., Muhammad Faizullizam, R., Norikhwan, H., & Mohd Zamri, M. Y.(2018). Investigation on the Deactivation of Cobalt and Iron Catalysts in Catalytic Growth of Carbon Nanotube Using a Growth Rate Model. Journal of Advanced Research in Materials Science, 51(1), 11-22.
Chicago
Muhammad Thalhah Zainal, Mohd Fairus Mohd Yasin, Muhammad Abid Ira Irawan, Muhammad Faizullizam Roslan, Norikhwan Hamzah, and Mohd Zamri Mohd Yusop."Investigation on the Deactivation of Cobalt and Iron Catalysts in Catalytic Growth of Carbon Nanotube Using a Growth Rate Model." Journal of Advanced Research in Materials Science." 51, no. 1 (2018): 11-22.
Harvard
Muhammad Thalhah, Z., Mohd Fairus, M.Y., Muhammad Abid, I.I., Muhammad Faizullizam, R., Norikhwan, H., and Mohd Zamri, M.Y.,2018. Investigation on the Deactivation of Cobalt and Iron Catalysts in Catalytic Growth of Carbon Nanotube Using a Growth Rate Model. Journal of Advanced Research in Materials Science 51(1), pp. 11-22.
Vancouver
Muhammad Thalhah Z, Mohd Fairus MY, Muhammad Abid II, Muhammad Faizullizam R, Norikhwan H, Mohd Zamr, MY. Investigation on the Deactivation of Cobalt and Iron Catalysts in Catalytic Growth of Carbon Nanotube Using a Growth Rate Model. Journal of Advanced Research in Materials Science. 2018;51(1): 11-22.

Volume 52, No. 1 (January, 2019)
Transparent Self-Cleaning Coating Consisting Hydrophobically Modified-Polymer
B. Vengadaesvaran, A. Syafiq, A. K. Pandey, Nasrudin Abd. Rahim
Page 1 – 8
AbstractIn general, hydrophobic coating is termed as the coating with water contact angle (CA) above 90?. The fabrication of hydrophobic coating on the glass substrate has high potential to induce self-cleaning property, anti-fog, and oil-repellent coating. In this study, transparent self-cleaning coating of modified Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) has been successfully developed for glass panel application. 3-aminopropyltriethoxyslane (APTES) provides a flexible amino group for reacting with the silica structure of Polydimethylsiloxane. The hydrophobic coating is applied onto glass plates through simple dip-coating method. The hydrophobicity of coating is achieved water contact angle as high as 103? and the transparency of the coating is above 80% in UV-Vis region. The prepared-coating also exhibit an excellent self-cleaning property which the coating completely expels the mud, dilute-ketchup solution, syrup favor, and methylene-blue dye. In addition, the coating shows great anti-fog behavior which the tiny droplets on the coating surface are completely disappears after 6 min at ambient temperature. The droplet impact testing has showed the hydrophobicity of coating is slightly decreases by 4.9° only after injecting with continuous droplet for 168h which indicated that the excellent surface durability of coating.
CiteMLA
Vengadaesvaran, et al. "Transparent Self-Cleaning Coating Consisting Hydrophobically Modified-Polymer." Journal of Advanced Research in Materials Science 52.1 (2019): 1-8.
APA
Vengadaesvaran, B., Syafiq, A., Pandey, A. K., & Nasrudin, A. R.,(2019). Transparent Self-Cleaning Coating Consisting Hydrophobically Modified-Polymer. Journal of Advanced Research in Materials Science, 52(1), 1-8.
Chicago
B Vengadaesvaran, A Syafiq, A K Pandey, and Nasrudin Abd Rahim."Transparent Self-Cleaning Coating Consisting Hydrophobically Modified-Polymer." Journal of Advanced Research in Materials Science." 52, no. 1 (2019): 1-8.
Harvard
Vengadaesvaran, B., Syafiq, A., Pandey, A.K., & Nasrudin, A.R.,2019. Transparent Self-Cleaning Coating Consisting Hydrophobically Modified-Polymer. Journal of Advanced Research in Materials Science 52(1), pp. 1-8.
Vancouver
Vengadaesvaran B, Syafi, A, Pandey AK, Nasrudin AR. Transparent Self-Cleaning Coating Consisting Hydrophobically Modified-Polymer. Journal of Advanced Research in Materials Science. 2019;52(1): 1-8.

Anti-Wax Nickel based Coating for Stainless Steel Pipeline
A. B. Hafeza, J. Faruqi, F. A. Lahin, S. M. Anisuzzaman, E. Suali
Page 9 - 15

AbstractThis study aims to determine the efficacy of nickel-based coating as wax repellent for stainless steel pipelines. Two variables for nickel-based coating were studied namely nickel sulphate and sodium hypophosphate. Results show that 100% and 50% reduction of wax deposition for coating with sodium hypophosphate and coating with nickel sulphate respectively. These values indicate that nickel based coating can reduce wax deposition on the pipe surface. It also depicts that coating with more sodium hypophosphate serve better anti-wax coating compared to nickel based coating with more nickel sulphate. SEM analysis shows good surface morphology for the coating and displays a microstructure that plays an important role in protecting stainless steel surfaces.
CiteMLA
Hafeza, A. B., et al. "Anti-Wax Nickel based Coating for Stainless Steel Pipeline." Journal of Advanced Research in Materials Science 52.1 (2019): 9-15.
APA
Hafeza, A. B., Faruqi, J., Lahin, F. A., Anisuzzaman, S. M., & Suali, E.,(2019). Anti-Wax Nickel based Coating for Stainless Steel Pipeline. Journal of Advanced Research in Materials Science, 52(1), 9-15.
Chicago
Hafeza A. B., Faruqi J., Lahin F. A., Anisuzzaman S. M., and Suali E."Anti-Wax Nickel based Coating for Stainless Steel Pipeline." Journal of Advanced Research in Materials Science." 52, no. 1 (2019): 9-15.
Harvard
Hafeza, A.B., Faruqi, J., Lahin, F.A., Anisuzzaman, S.M., and Suali, E.,2019. Anti-Wax Nickel based Coating for Stainless Steel Pipeline. Journal of Advanced Research in Materials Science 52(1), pp. 9-15.
Vancouver
Hafeza AB, Faruqi J, Lahin FA, Anisuzzaman SM, Suali E. Anti-Wax Nickel based Coating for Stainless Steel Pipeline. Journal of Advanced Research in Materials Science. 2019;52(1): 9-15.

Volume 53, No. 1 (February, 2019)
Preliminary Study on Zeolite 13X as a Potential Carrier for Algal Immobilization
Seyed Amirebrahim Emami Moghaddam, Razif Harun, Mohd Noriznan Mokhtar, Rabitah Zakaria
Page 1 – 5
AbstractImmobilization of microalgae in polymers can overcome problems associated with biomass harvesting from suspended free cells cultivated in wastewater. Although various carriers have been applied for microalgae immobilization (e.g. natural such as alginate and synthetic such as polyacrylamide), problems such as low stability, toxicity and high cost still remain a challenge for the method to be commercialized. In the present study, an effective carrier (zeolite molecular sieves 13X) has been used for the immobilization of green microalgae, Chlorella vulgaris. The immobilization was done by suspending microalgae in a culture medium with different pHs (ranging from 5-9) along with zeolite 13X. Scanning electron microscope (SEM) was used to observe the morphology of the cells adsorbed onto the carrier after the immobilization process. It was found that higher microalgal immobilization occurred in the medium with an acidic condition (pH=5) compared to other pHs. This indicates that zeolite 13X is capable to be a potential support for the immobilization of Chlorella vulgaris. Furthermore, zeolite-immobilized Chlorella can be applied in different applications such as wastewater treatment and biofuel production.
CiteMLA
Seyed Amirebrahim, Emami Moghaddam, et al. "Preliminary Study on Zeolite 13X as a Potential Carrier for Algal Immobilization." Journal of Advanced Research in Materials Science 53.1 (2019): 1-5.
APA
Seyed Amirebrahim, E. M., Razif, H., Mohd Noriznan, M., & Rabitah, Z.,(2019). Preliminary Study on Zeolite 13X as a Potential Carrier for Algal Immobilization. Journal of Advanced Research in Materials Science, 53(1), 1-5.
Chicago
Seyed Amirebrahim Emami Moghaddam, Razif Harun, Mohd Noriznan Mokhtar, and Rabitah Zakaria."Preliminary Study on Zeolite 13X as a Potential Carrier for Algal Immobilization." Journal of Advanced Research in Materials Science." 53, no. 1 (2019): 1-5.
Harvard
Seyed Amirebrahim, E.M., Razif, H., Mohd Noriznan, M., and Rabitah, Z.,2019. Preliminary Study on Zeolite 13X as a Potential Carrier for Algal Immobilization. Journal of Advanced Research in Materials Science 53(1), pp. 1-5.
Vancouver
Seyed Amirebrahim EM, Razif H, Mohd Noriznan M, Rabitah Z. Preliminary Study on Zeolite 13X as a Potential Carrier for Algal Immobilization. Journal of Advanced Research in Materials Science. 2019;53(1): 1-5.

Synthesis of Hybrid Graphite-Mesoporous Silica Nanoplatelet Using 1-Hexadecylpyridinium Bromide Ionic Liquid as Novel Template
Mohd Firdaus Abd Rahman, Nurul Syahira Zaharudin, Haslina Ahmad, Nurul Nadya Zulkepli
Page 6 - 14

AbstractWe report the synthesis of hybrid graphite-mesoporous silica nanoplatelet (G-MSNp) prepared by separating graphite nanoplatelet (GNp) using mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs). The resulting G-MSNp possesses high surface area, large aspect ratio and mesoporous structure. The use of ionic liquid is to replace cationic surfactants have effectively solves the incompatibility and aggregation problems between GNp and inorganic materials, at the same time serves as template for the formation of MSNs framework on the surface of GNp. In this work, 1-hexadecylpyridinium bromide ionic liquid was allowed to adsorb and self-assemble onto the surface of GNp in alkaline solution. As a result, the MSNs were formed around the surface of GNp. Field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) were used to investigate the morphology and microstructure of as-prepared G-MSNp. It was observed that the MSNs is homogenously coated on the surface of GNp and this was further confirmed by the element mapping images of carbon, silicon, and oxygen in the G-MSNp, in agreement with energy-dispersive X-ray (EDX) analysis. The analysis of nitrogen sorption analysis confirms the mesoporous nature of G-MSNp. The pore size distribution calculated by the Barrett–Joyner–Halenda (BJH) method is 8 nm, while the surface area is 128.41 m2/g. This hybrid nanoplatelet may find promising application as adsorbents to sequester dyes and heavy metal ions from aqueous phase.
CiteMLA
Mohd Firdaus, Abd Rahman., et al. "Synthesis of Hybrid Graphite-Mesoporous Silica Nanoplatelet Using 1-Hexadecylpyridinium Bromide Ionic Liquid as Novel Template." Journal of Advanced Research in Materials Science 53.1 (2019): 6-14.
APA
Mohd Firdaus, A. R., Nurul Syahira, Z., Haslina, A., & Nurul Nadya, Z.,(2019). Synthesis of Hybrid Graphite-Mesoporous Silica Nanoplatelet Using 1-Hexadecylpyridinium Bromide Ionic Liquid as Novel Template. Journal of Advanced Research in Materials Science, 53(1), 6-14.
Chicago
Mohd Firdaus Abd Rahman, Nurul Syahira Zaharudin, Haslina Ahmad, and Nurul Nadya Zulkepli."Synthesis of Hybrid Graphite-Mesoporous Silica Nanoplatelet Using 1-Hexadecylpyridinium Bromide Ionic Liquid as Novel Template." Journal of Advanced Research in Materials Science." 53, no. 1 (2019): 6-14.
Harvard
Mohd Firdaus, A.R., Nurul Syahira, Z., Haslina, A., and Nurul Nadya, Z.,2019. Synthesis of Hybrid Graphite-Mesoporous Silica Nanoplatelet Using 1-Hexadecylpyridinium Bromide Ionic Liquid as Novel Template. Journal of Advanced Research in Materials Science 53(1), pp. 6-14.
Vancouver
Mohd Firdaus AR, Nurul Syahira Z, Haslina A, Nurul Nadya Z. Synthesis of Hybrid Graphite-Mesoporous Silica Nanoplatelet Using 1-Hexadecylpyridinium Bromide Ionic Liquid as Novel Template. Journal of Advanced Research in Materials Science. 2019;53(1): 6-14.

Volume 54, No. 1 (March, 2019)
Rough Hollow Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles as Carrier for Agarwood Oil to Treat Cancer Cells
Nurul Hafizah Khairudin, Yusilawati Ahmad Nor, Yumi Zuhanis Has-Yun Hashim
Page 1 – 9
AbstractNatural products such as agarwood oil (AO) are found to exhibit potential anticancer properties. They provide safer and better alternative to the conventional drugs used in chemotherapy treatment. However, due to the limitation of AO in terms of volatility, stability and solubility in water, a suitable carrier is needed to enhance the performance of the essential oil. Mesoporous silica nanoparticles are found to be promising carrier for AO as it is biocompatible, hydrophilic, possesses high stability, high total surface area and high pore volume properties which can reduce the limitations possessed by AO. Rough mesoporous hollow silica (RMHS) nanoparticles were used in this study as the particles known to have high loading capacity due to its pores and rough surface. By using ethanol as solvent, the ratio of AO to RMHS 20:1 with loading time of 24 hour has successfully achieved high loading efficiency as much as 62.79%. Successful loading of AO in RMHS was confirmed by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR). Sustained release of AO from RMHS has been observed, with release up to 63.8% after 72 hours. Cell viability assay (CVA) by using MTT assay showed that RMHS loaded with AO (RMHS-AO) was able to reduce the viability of MCF-7 cells up to 73% reduction after 48 hours of treatment.
CiteMLA
Nurul Hafizah, Khairudin, et al. "Rough Hollow Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles as Carrier for Agarwood Oil to Treat Cancer Cells." Journal of Advanced Research in Materials Science 54.1 (2019): 1-9.
APA
Nurul Hafizah, K., Yusilawati, A. N., & Yumi Zuhanis, H. H.,(2019). Rough Hollow Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles as Carrier for Agarwood Oil to Treat Cancer Cells. Journal of Advanced Research in Materials Science, 54(1), 1-9.
Chicago
Nurul Hafizah Khairudin, Yusilawati Ahmad Nor, and Yumi Zuhanis Has-Yun Hashim."Rough Hollow Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles as Carrier for Agarwood Oil to Treat Cancer Cells." Journal of Advanced Research in Materials Science." 54, no. 1 (2019): 1-9.
Harvard
Nurul Hafizah, K., Yusilawati, A.N., and Yumi Zuhanis, H.H.,2019. Rough Hollow Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles as Carrier for Agarwood Oil to Treat Cancer Cells. Journal of Advanced Research in Materials Science 54(1), pp. 1-9.
Vancouver
Nurul Hafizah K, Yusilawati AN, Yumi Zuhanis HH. Rough Hollow Mesoporous Silica Nanoparticles as Carrier for Agarwood Oil to Treat Cancer Cells. Journal of Advanced Research in Materials Science. 2019;54(1): 1-9.

Preparation and Characterization of Polyethersulfone/Natural Clay Nanocomposite Membrane
Asmadi Ali, Nur Farhana Dzul Rashidi, Sofiah Hamzah, Wan Rafizah Wan Abdul Rahman, Fazureen Azaman
Page 10 - 17

AbstractPolyethersulfone (PES) is hydrophobic polymer that is prone to membrane fouling which lead to low water flux and the adsorption of foulants onto membrane surface. Therefore, the addition of natural clay into polyethersulfone/natural clay (PES/NC) nanocomposite membrane can be a way to improve the properties of PES original membrane to overcome membrane fouling. The objectives of this study were to characterize PES and PES/NC nanocomposite ultrafiltration membrane in terms of its morphology, water content, porosity, and pure water permeation as well as permeability coefficient of PES and PES/NC membrane. Scanning electronic microscope (SEM) results revealed that more finger-like pores on asymmetric PES/NC nanocomposite membrane compare to PES native membrane. The water content and porosity were increased as amount of natural clay increased. Besides, performance of membrane was tested by using pure water permeability (PWP). The results revealed that the PWP was directly proportional to the applied pressure. The data from PWP also indicated that the increment of permeability coefficient from 11.831 L/m².hr.bar to 15.286 L/m².hr.bar with the increment clay composition from 0.4 to 0.8 wt%. These results revealed that the incorporation of natural clay into PES membrane had enhanced its hydrophilicity properties and proved these PES/NC nanocomposite membrane has anti-fouling membrane properties.
CiteMLA
Asmadi, Ali, et al. "Preparation and Characterization of Polyethersulfone/Natural Clay Nanocomposite Membrane." Journal of Advanced Research in Materials Science 54.1 (2019): 10-17.
APA
Asmadi, A., Nur Farhana, D. R., Sofiah, H., Wan Rafizah, W. A. R., & Fazureen, A.,(2019). Preparation and Characterization of Polyethersulfone/Natural Clay Nanocomposite Membrane. Journal of Advanced Research in Materials Science, 54(1), 10-17.
Chicago
Asmadi Ali, Nur Farhana Dzul Rashidi, Sofiah Hamzah, Wan Rafizah Wan Abdul Rahman, and Fazureen Azaman."Preparation and Characterization of Polyethersulfone/Natural Clay Nanocomposite Membrane." Journal of Advanced Research in Materials Science." 54, no. 1 (2019): 10-17.
Harvard
Asmadi, A., Nur Farhana, D.R., Sofiah, H., Wan Rafizah, W.A.R., and Fazureen, A.,2019. Preparation and Characterization of Polyethersulfone/Natural Clay Nanocomposite Membrane. Journal of Advanced Research in Materials Science 54(1), pp. 10-17.
Vancouver
Asmadi A, Nur Farhana DR, Sofiah H, Wan Rafizah WAR, Fazureen A. Preparation and Characterization of Polyethersulfone/Natural Clay Nanocomposite Membrane. Journal of Advanced Research in Materials Science. 2019;54(1): 10-17.

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