Emergency Management: Implementing A Whole Community Approach


  • Noor Afzan Ahmad School of Chemical and Energy Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM), 81310 Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia
  • Kamarizan Kidam Faculty of Engineering Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM), 81310 Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia
  • Rahmat Mohsin UTM-MPRC Institute for Oil & Gas, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM), 81310 Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia


Emergency management, whole community, approach, emergency, strategic framework, principles


Emergency indicates unfortunate reminders of the susceptibility of communities. Emergency affects communities and individuals, disrupts the functions of social, technical structures and the economy, and suggests ways to change emergency management procedures. Efficient emergency management, however, focuses on implementing the emergency planning at all levels of the government and non-government sector, including individuals and community organisations. Therefore, the whole community approach to emergency management includes the government, communities and individuals at all levels, while responding to emergencies. The contents of this study propose a strategic framework for most leading emergency management communities, even whole community concepts into their everyday activities. The goals of this analysis are to evaluate the entire group response to emergency management for improved emergency management outcomes. Meanwhile, the objective of this study is to assess the whole community approach in managing emergencies and the community achieving better results in emergency management. The mixed-method approach is adopted for the data collection. This literature review has identified three principles of the whole community approach: Recognising and addressing the actual needs of the whole community, integrating and supporting all members of the community, and improving what works best in daily communities. In addition, these principles complement the approaches that provide a starting point for those who are learning about the whole community and an effective framework for emergency management.




How to Cite

Noor Afzan Ahmad, Kamarizan Kidam, & Rahmat Mohsin. (2021). Emergency Management: Implementing A Whole Community Approach. Journal of Advanced Research in Business and Management Studies, 23(1), 17–24. Retrieved from https://www.akademiabaru.com/submit/index.php/arbms/article/view/4331
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Management studies
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