Progress in Glass-Ceramic Seal for Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Technology


  • Gunawan Department of Mechanical Engineering, Diponegoro University, Semarang, Indonesia
  • Sulistyo Department of Mechanical Engineering, Diponegoro University, Semarang, Indonesia
  • Iwan Setiawan Department of Electrical Engineering, Diponegoro University, Semarang, Indonesia



Glass-ceramic, seal, SOFC, solid oxide


Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) have emerged as promising energy conversion devices nowadays. SOFC consists of several components such as cathode, anode, electrolyte, interconnects, and sealing materials. In planar SOFC stack construction, the sealant and interconnection functions play an important role. Glass and ceramics are quite popularly used as SOFC sealing materials to achieve several functions including preventing leakage of fuel and oxidants in the stack and electrically isolating cells in the stack. In this review, material preparation, material composition, ceramic properties especially thermal properties are compared from various systems that have been developed previously. The main challenges and complexities in the functional part of SOFC sealants include: (i) chemical incompatibility and instability in the oxidizing and reducing environment by adjusting the value of the thermal expansion coefficient (CTE) with the interconnecting material during SOFC operation, and (ii) insulation of oxidizing fuels and gases by matching CTE anode and cathode. Also, the sealant glass transition determines the maximum permissible working temperature of the SOFC. The choice of method and analysis will provide data on various ceramic attributes. The search for thermal attributes consisting of Glass transition (Tg), Deformation temp (Td), Crystallization temp (Tx), Melting pt (Tm) became a focus on SOFC sealant development.


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How to Cite

Gunawan, Sulistyo, & Iwan Setiawan. (2021). Progress in Glass-Ceramic Seal for Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Technology. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 82(1), 39–50.