Wind Tunnel Experiments on a Generic Sharp-Edge Delta Wing UAV Model

Authors

  • Nadhirah Mohd Zain Department of Aeronatical, Automotive and Offfshore Engineering, University Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 Johor Bahru, Malaysia
  • Shabudin Mat Department of Aeronatical, Automotive and Offfshore Engineering, University Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 Johor Bahru, Malaysia
  • Khushairi Amri Kasim Department of Aeronatical, Automotive and Offfshore Engineering, University Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 Johor Bahru, Malaysia
  • Shuhaimi Mansor Department of Aeronatical, Automotive and Offfshore Engineering, University Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 Johor Bahru, Malaysia
  • Md. Nizam Dahalan Department of Aeronatical, Automotive and Offfshore Engineering, University Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 Johor Bahru, Malaysia
  • Norazila Othman Department of Aeronatical, Automotive and Offfshore Engineering, University Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 Johor Bahru, Malaysia

Keywords:

delta wing UAV, propeller, vortex, wind tunnel experiment, surface pressure

Abstract

Delta wing is a triangular shape platform from a plan view. Delta wing can be applied to aircraft development as well as UAV. However, the flow around delta wing is very complicated and unresolved to date. On the upper surface of the wing, vortex is developed which need more studies to understand this flow physics. This paper discusses an experiment study of active flow control applied on the sharp-edged generic delta wing UAV. This paper focuses on the effect of rotating propeller on the vortex properties above a generic 550 swept angle model. The model has an overall length of 0.99 meter and the experiments were performed in Universiti Teknologi Malaysia Low Speed wind tunnel sized of 1.5 x 2.0 meter2. In this experiment, the experiments were conducted at a speed of 18 m/s. In order to differentiate the effect of propeller size on the vortex system, the experiment was carried out in three stages, i.e., experimental without propeller called as clean wing configuration and followed by the experiment with propeller diameter of 13”. The final experiment was the experiment with propeller diameter of 14”. During the experiments, two measurement techniques were employed; steady forces and surface pressure measurements. The experimental data highlights an impact of propeller size on the coefficients of lift, drag, and moment and vortex system of the delta-shaped UAV. The results obtained indicate that the lift is increased particularly at high angle of attack. The results also show that vortex breakdown is delayed further aft of the wing when propeller rotating at about 5000 RPM.

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Published

2020-12-01

How to Cite

Mohd Zain, N. ., Mat, S. ., Kasim, K. A. ., Mansor, S. ., Dahalan, M. N. ., & Othman, N. . (2020). Wind Tunnel Experiments on a Generic Sharp-Edge Delta Wing UAV Model . Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 40(1), 18–26. Retrieved from https://www.akademiabaru.com/submit/index.php/arfmts/article/view/2118

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