Parametric Study to Determine Optimum HVAC in a Hospital Operation Theatre


  • Muneera Abs Farj Department of Aerospace Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, 43400, Malaysia
  • Syed Mohammed Aminuddin Aftab Aero Mechanical Department, Abu Dhabi Polytechnic, Al Ain, P.O. Box 66844, UAE
  • Kamarul Arifin Ahmad Department of Mechanical Engineering, College of Engineering, King Saud University, P.O. Box 800, Riyadh 11421, Saudi Arabia


Operation Theatre (OT), Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD), Heat Ventilation and Air Conditioning (HVAC), phoenics


Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) simulation inside an Operation Theatre (OT), considering real world conditions such as temperature and airflow movement in the OT environment is carried out. Simulation is carried out using Phoenics software to predict the flow velocity and temperature distribution inside the OT. Parametric study is done to determine the most suitable inlet and outlet configuration. Only one out of the six cases provided the required cooling and reduced recirculation. Results indicated that the entire ceiling inlet with eight outlets was the best case, for further studies to be carried out considering contaminants.




How to Cite

Abs Farj, M. ., Aminuddin Aftab, S. M. ., & Ahmad, . K. A. . (2020). Parametric Study to Determine Optimum HVAC in a Hospital Operation Theatre. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 44(1), 99–122. Retrieved from
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