Comparative Study in Method of Compaction by Consolidated Drained and Direct Shear Test
Keywords:Compaction, Shear strength, Consolidated drained, Effective friction angles
Soil compaction has been a common practice in the construction of highways, embankments, earth dams and other related structures where the condition of the soil is high in void ratio and therefore having a very low in bearing capacity. Therefore, the soil needs to be compacted in order to minimize the void ratio and in the same time would results in having a very high bearing capacity to sustain load. Nevertheless, only a few researches have been done to investigate the method of compaction using different energy on the behavior of shear strength by consolidated drained and direct shear test. In this research, the effect of different compaction in energy of 25 number of blows compared to 40 number of blows on the stress-strain behaviour of drained triaxial test has been done and findings of the data are to be compared with direct shear test. Results reveal that there is an increase in soil unit weight by using different energy in compaction with an increase of 5% from 1790 kg/m3 to 1880 kg/m3 for 25 and 40 number of blows respectively. However, the stress-strain behaviour of the specimens shows differently when compared between consolidated drained triaxial and direct shear test. The shear strength for direct shear-stress is at higher value compared to drained triaxial test. For drained triaxial test, results reveal that the effective friction angles are increase only about 1% from 37° to 38°. This is due to the soil particles rearranging itself with the different applied pressures thus eliminating the effects of different energy on the shear strength of the specimens. However, for direct shear test, the shear strength increases drastically from 29° to 32°. The increase of the shear strength is more likely influence by the soil particle arrangement due to the impact of the energy of the no of blows to the desired specimen.