The Effects of Downcomer Diameter on an Air Entrainment of Vertical Plunging Water Jet on The Water Surface

Authors

  • Warjito Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Indonesia, 16324 Depok City, East Java, Indonesia
  • Ridho Irwansyah Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Indonesia, 16324 Depok City, East Java, Indonesia
  • Iqbal Yudianto Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Indonesia, 16324 Depok City, East Java, Indonesia
  • Leonardo Fabianto Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Indonesia, 16324 Depok City, East Java, Indonesia
  • Arya Amardani Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Indonesia, 16324 Depok City, East Java, Indonesia
  • Muhammad Nur Ilham Sukmara Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Indonesia, 16324 Depok City, East Java, Indonesia
  • Hasbi Mahdy Qardhawi Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Indonesia, 16324 Depok City, East Java, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37934/arfmts.81.2.8997

Keywords:

Bubble dispersion, Downcomer, Gas entrainment rate, Vertical plunging jets, Microbubble

Abstract

The difficulty in finding clean water is issued to become Indonesia’s problem in 2025. Seawater processing to produce clean water for commonly used or called water desalination will be a promising solution to solve the problem of clean water scarcity. One of the seawater desalination processes is to utilize micro-bubbles generated from air entrainment. Air entrainment is a phenomenon where the surrounding air is trapped in the water and forms a bubble. Using the vertical plunging jet setup will lead to bubble formation as a result of the collision between the vertical water jet and the pond surface below it. This study determines the effect of downcomer diameter on the parameters that influence the parameter of air entrainment quality by using a vertical plunging jet configuration. Some set up tools that support research consists of pumps, nozzle, downcomer, airflow meter, anemometer, and water pond. Results of the research are in the form of qualitative data such as videos and photos, by using a high-speed camera with backlighting. The qualitative data obtained will be processed with an image processing program to acquire quantitative data. The results of the study revealed that the downcomer diameter affects the air entrainment rate. On the other hand, jet velocity affects the area of dispersion and depth of penetration.

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Published

2021-03-26

How to Cite

Warjito, Irwansyah, R. ., Yudianto, I. ., Leonardo Fabianto, Amardani, A. ., Sukmara, M. N. I. ., & Qardhawi, H. M. . (2021). The Effects of Downcomer Diameter on an Air Entrainment of Vertical Plunging Water Jet on The Water Surface. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 81(2), 89–97. https://doi.org/10.37934/arfmts.81.2.8997

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