Preparation of Microcrystalline Cellulose from Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch Fibre Using Steam-Assisted Acid Hydrolysis

Authors

  • Fatiha Ismail Biomass Technology Unit, Engineering & Processing Research Division, Malaysian Palm Oil Board, 6, Persiaran Institusi, Bandar Baru Bangi, 43000 Kajang, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Nur Eliyanti Ali Othman Biomass Technology Unit, Engineering & Processing Research Division, Malaysian Palm Oil Board, 6, Persiaran Institusi, Bandar Baru Bangi, 43000 Kajang, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Noorshamsiana Abdul Wahab Biomass Technology Unit, Engineering & Processing Research Division, Malaysian Palm Oil Board, 6, Persiaran Institusi, Bandar Baru Bangi, 43000 Kajang, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Fazliana Abdul Hamid Biomass Technology Unit, Engineering & Processing Research Division, Malaysian Palm Oil Board, 6, Persiaran Institusi, Bandar Baru Bangi, 43000 Kajang, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Astimar Abdul Aziz Biomass Technology Unit, Engineering & Processing Research Division, Malaysian Palm Oil Board, 6, Persiaran Institusi, Bandar Baru Bangi, 43000 Kajang, Selangor, Malaysia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37934/arfmts.81.1.8898

Keywords:

Empty fruit bunch fibre, microcrystalline cellulose, acid hydrolysis, isolation, steam treatment

Abstract

The isolation of microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) from empty fruit bunch fibre (EFB-fibre) using acid hydrolysis through steam treatment (autoclave) followed by ultrasonication has been successfully established. The important parameter studied was the concentration of sulphuric acid (5%, 15% and 25%) at variable fixed reaction time and temperature. The resulting MCC was characterized using FTIR, TGA, XRD and SEM. FTIR transmission at 1163 cm-1 confirmed that the structure of cellulose was retained after undergoing acid hydrolysis. Thermal stability of MCC increased after being treated with H2SO4, which was determined using TG analysis. The morphological features were identified using Scanning Electron microscope (SEM), which showed the diameters of MCC to be in the range of 10 to 200 µm. The structural property of MCC was studied using X-ray diffraction (XRD) and the results showed that the MCC produced has crystallinity index of 72%. The results revealed that the parameters used tend to influence the physicochemical properties of MCC produced. Therefore, the MCC isolated from EFB fibres will be used as precursor for future EFB derived nanocellulose as well as a promising subject in nanocomposite research.

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Published

2021-03-14

How to Cite

Ismail, F. ., Ali Othman, N. E. ., Abdul Wahab, N. ., Abdul Hamid, F. ., & Abdul Aziz, A. . (2021). Preparation of Microcrystalline Cellulose from Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch Fibre Using Steam-Assisted Acid Hydrolysis. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 81(1), 88–98. https://doi.org/10.37934/arfmts.81.1.8898

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