Study of Combustion Performance of Syngas from Biomass Waste (Wood Waste) in a Gas Burner

Authors

  • Mohd Hafizi Othman School of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor Bahru, Malaysia
  • Muhammad Roslan Rahim School of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor Bahru, Malaysia
  • Mohammad Nazri Mohd Jaafar Institute for Vehicle Systems and Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia
  • Mazlan Said Institute for Vehicle Systems and Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor, Malaysia
  • Norazila Othman School of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor Bahru, Malaysia
  • Muhammad Syahiran Abdul Malik School of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor Bahru, Malaysia
  • Anis Athirah Mohd Azli School of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor Bahru, Malaysia

Keywords:

wood waste, downdraft gasifier, fluidized bed gasifier, stable flame

Abstract

Biomass or bio-waste has a potential to be promoted as a viable energy sources. In this study, the characteristics and the combustion performance of syngas produced from biomass waste especially wood waste gasification were investigated in term of gas composition and emission released in a downdraft and fluidized bed gasifiers. The flame length, gas characteristic and formation were determined beside energy level produced from both gasifier systems. Syngas generated from wood waste were combusted in a gas burner at temperature 762°C and 505°C for the cases of downdraft and fluidized bed respectively. As results from combustion, NOX, SO2 and CO produced 56ppm, 1ppm and 33ppm respectively. Meanwhile, the gas compositions from the combustion were about 0.04%, 1.4%, 0.5%, 97.9% and 0.1% for H2, N2, CH4, CO, and CO2 respectively. In this study the flame length of the combusted wood wastes in a downdraft showed unstable flame (oval shape) with the longest flame of 12.5 cm if compared to fluidized bed at 5.4 cm which was more stable in a rectangular shape.

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Published

2020-12-18

How to Cite

Othman, M. H. ., Rahim, M. R. ., Mohd Jaafar, M. N. ., Said, M. ., Othman, N. ., Abdul Malik, M. S. ., & Mohd Azli, A. A. . (2020). Study of Combustion Performance of Syngas from Biomass Waste (Wood Waste) in a Gas Burner. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 60(2), 247–257. Retrieved from https://www.akademiabaru.com/submit/index.php/arfmts/article/view/2645

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