Investigation of Sulfurization Time Duration Process Effects on Thermally Evaporated CZTS Absorber Layer for Photovoltaic Application

Authors

  • Zaihasraf Zakaria Faculty of Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technology, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia
  • Ahmad Muzaffar Abdul Kadir Faculty of Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technology, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia
  • Puvaneswaran Chelvanathan Solar Energy Research Institute (SERI), The National University of Malaysia, 43600 Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Mohammad Istiaque Hossain Qatar Environment and Energy Research Institute, Hamad Bin Khalifa University, 5825, Doha, Qatar
  • Ahmad Aizan Zulkefle Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia
  • Mohd Farriz Basar Faculty of Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technology, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia
  • Syed Najib Syed Salim Faculty of Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technology, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia
  • Nafarizal Nayan Microelectronics and Nanotechnology - Shamsuddin Research Centre (MiNT-SRC), Block F5, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, 86400 Parit Raja, Batu Pahat, Johor, Malaysia
  • Shahrudin Zakaria Faculty of Electrical and Electronic Engineering Technology, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia

Keywords:

Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS), sulfurization, thermal evaporation, absorber layer, photovoltaic

Abstract

In this study, Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) thin films were deposited onto Mo coated soda lime glass (SLG) substrates using thermal evaporation deposition method. Stoichiometric CZTS powder (99.95%) is used as the source material. All the deposited samples were then sulfurized at different time from 10 minutes to 50 minutes at 580°C. The characteristics of the sulphurized films were investigated. Overall, the result showed a potential CZTS’s existence although several secondary phases also being detected.

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Published

2020-12-23

How to Cite

Zakaria, Z. ., Abdul Kadir, A. M. ., Chelvanathan, P. ., Hossain, M. I. ., Zulkefle, A. A. ., Basar, M. F. ., Syed Salim, S. N. ., Nayan, N. ., & Zakaria, S. . (2020). Investigation of Sulfurization Time Duration Process Effects on Thermally Evaporated CZTS Absorber Layer for Photovoltaic Application. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 61(2), 253–261. Retrieved from https://www.akademiabaru.com/submit/index.php/arfmts/article/view/2677

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