Effect of Ethanol-Gasoline Blends on Performance, Combustion and Emission Characteristics of Spark Ignition Engine

Authors

  • Hamza Afser Delvi Department of Thermal Power Engineering, VTU-Centre of Post Graduate Studies, Mysuru, India
  • Mohammed Faheem Department of Mechanical Engineering, PA College of Engineering, Mangalore, India
  • Sher Afghan Khan Department of Mechanical Engineering, International Islamic University Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • Kiran Kumar M Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sir MVIT, Bengaluru, India
  • Mohammed Kareemullah Department of Mechanical Engineering, PA College of Engineering, Mangalore, India

Keywords:

ethanol, gasoline, performance, combustion, emission, SI engine

Abstract

The need for transportation is increasing every day. Production of automobiles is catering to this need. The fuels used by these automobiles are mainly petrol and diesel. Discharge of pollutants present in these fuels causing air pollution. Renewable fuels with lesser emission and comparably cheaper are required as an alternative to reduce environmental pollution. Ethyl alcohol is having larger oxygen content, low molecular weight, and high H/C ratios and can burn completely with oxygen. The thermal efficiency of the spark-ignition engine can be improved, and the exhaust emissions can be reduced by using Ethyl alcohol. The objective of the study is to study experimentally, the performance, combustion, and emission characteristics were investigated with E25, E30 and E35 ethanol-gasoline (Gasohol) blends on a single-cylinder, four strokes, computerized spark ignition engine fitted with eddy current dynamometer and a precisely adjusted exhaust gas analyser. Under various load, engine speed and compression ratio, the tests were conducted, and the results were recorded. The result shows improved performance parameters of the engine. E25 blend consumed less fuel compared to all blends at maximum speed and the BSFC was about 0.32 kg/kW-hr. The thermal break efficiency of ethanol-gasoline blends was found to be increased compared to gasoline. Maximum BTE was found to be 27.87% for the E35 blend.

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Published

2020-12-23

How to Cite

Delvi, H. A. ., Faheem, M., Khan, S. A. ., Kumar M, K. ., & Kareemullah, M. . (2020). Effect of Ethanol-Gasoline Blends on Performance, Combustion and Emission Characteristics of Spark Ignition Engine . Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 62(2), 209–220. Retrieved from https://www.akademiabaru.com/submit/index.php/arfmts/article/view/2705

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