A Review of Comparative Characteristic Study on Effect of Biodiesel B20 on Compression Ignition (C.I.) Engine Performances and Exhaust Emissions
Keywords:biodiesel, B20, alternative fuel, diesel, engine
This paper presents the comparative study of effect usage Biodiesel B20 blended in the Compression Ignition (C.I.) engine compared to the diesel fuel. The reduction of petroleum production by the organization of petroleum exporting country make many researchers start does the research of biodiesel as an alternative fuel. The biodiesel B20 have significant as an alternative fuel because of biodiesel come from renewable energy. In numerous previous studies, the Performance of the B20 biodiesel in BSFC of the fuel increase significantly compared to the diesel at high load condition while the reduction in Brake thermal efficiency and exhaust gas temperature. B20 effect the reduction of CO concentration of emission in the engine compared to the diesel fuel. The Biodiesel B20 produces higher concentrations of NOX for the emission compared to the diesel. More consistently, smoke concentrations of this review are generally lower with the biodiesel fuels than with petroleum diesel. Ultimately, B20 Biodiesel can indeed become the appropriate source as an alternative fuel, with environmental benefits in the engine without sacrificing mechanical reliability and durability.