Preliminary Study of Effect of Natural Thread Distance on Angle Dependency of Flame Spread Behaviour over Kenaf/Polyester Fabric

Authors

  • Mohd Azahari Razali Centre for Energy and Industrial Environment Studies (CEIES), Faculty of Mechanical & Manufacturing Engineering, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, 86400 Pt. Raja, Batu Pahat, Johor, Malaysia
  • Azwan Sapit Centre for Energy and Industrial Environment Studies (CEIES), Faculty of Mechanical & Manufacturing Engineering, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, 86400 Pt. Raja, Batu Pahat, Johor, Malaysia
  • Mohd Faizal Mohideen Batcha Centre for Energy and Industrial Environment Studies (CEIES), Faculty of Mechanical & Manufacturing Engineering, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, 86400 Pt. Raja, Batu Pahat, Johor, Malaysia
  • Rais Hanizam Madon Centre for Energy and Industrial Environment Studies (CEIES), Faculty of Mechanical & Manufacturing Engineering, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, 86400 Pt. Raja, Batu Pahat, Johor, Malaysia
  • Amir Khalid Centre for Energy and Industrial Environment Studies (CEIES), Faculty of Mechanical & Manufacturing Engineering, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, 86400 Pt. Raja, Batu Pahat, Johor, Malaysia
  • Md Norrizam Mohmad Ja’at Centre for Energy and Industrial Environment Studies (CEIES), Faculty of Mechanical & Manufacturing Engineering, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, 86400 Pt. Raja, Batu Pahat, Johor, Malaysia
  • Akmal Nizam Mohammed Centre for Energy and Industrial Environment Studies (CEIES), Faculty of Mechanical & Manufacturing Engineering, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, 86400 Pt. Raja, Batu Pahat, Johor, Malaysia
  • Hamidon Salleh Centre for Energy and Industrial Environment Studies (CEIES), Faculty of Mechanical & Manufacturing Engineering, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, 86400 Pt. Raja, Batu Pahat, Johor, Malaysia
  • Mohd Faisal Hushim Centre for Energy and Industrial Environment Studies (CEIES), Faculty of Mechanical & Manufacturing Engineering, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, 86400 Pt. Raja, Batu Pahat, Johor, Malaysia
  • Ubaidilah Ab. Hadi Faculty of Mechanical & Manufacturing Engineering, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, 86400 Pt. Raja, Batu Pahat, Johor, Malaysia

Keywords:

flame spread, fabric, kenaf, polyester

Abstract

Research in fabric flammability is essential in order to improve fire safety engineering. In order to improve the technical capability for fire preventions, the fundamental approach is essential which can be applied at the design stage. Such approach requires detailed understanding of the combustion process from an engineering viewpoint. From previous studies, natural thread has different flame spread characteristic than synthetic thread. This different characteristic may influence on flame behavior of combined fabric. In this research, the combined fabric was made by using 50% kenaf as the natural thread and 50% polyester as the synthetic thread. Samples are fabricated based on two conditions; one is distance between kenaf thread and another is the weft thread angle. For the first condition, two types of samples are chosen for different threads distance of kenaf; such as 0 mm and 20 mm. For both samples, distance between polyester threads is fixed for 20 mm. For the second condition, experiments for each sample are conducted for different weft thread angle; which is measured between polyester thread and horizontal line. In this research weft thread angle of 0°, 45°, and 90° are chosen. Sample is ignited from top of the edge and the flame propagated in the downward direction. The flame spread behavior is recorded by camera to analyze the data. For results, it is seen that both thread distances exhibit similar shape of flame front. However, the significant difference of the flame front is seen in different weft thread angles. As additional, both types of fabrics have a similar angle dependency of flame spread rate. The spread rate decreases as weft thread angle increases. However, based on result of V?/V0, the fabric with 20 mm of kenaf thread have small angle dependency from the one of the fabrics with 0 mm of kenaf thread.

Downloads

Published

2020-12-23

How to Cite

Razali, M. A. ., Sapit, A. ., Mohideen Batcha, M. F. ., Madon, R. H. ., Khalid, A. ., Mohmad Ja’at, M. N. ., Mohammed, A. N. ., Salleh, H. ., Hushim, M. F. ., & Ab. Hadi, U. . (2020). Preliminary Study of Effect of Natural Thread Distance on Angle Dependency of Flame Spread Behaviour over Kenaf/Polyester Fabric. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 62(2), 250–255. Retrieved from https://www.akademiabaru.com/submit/index.php/arfmts/article/view/2710

Issue

Section

Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>