Thermally Stratified Flow of Cu-Al2O3/water Hybrid Nanofluid past a Permeable Stretching/Shrinking Circular Cylinder

Authors

  • Najiyah Safwa Khashi’ie Fakulti Teknologi Kejuruteraan Mekanikal dan Pembuatan, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100, Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia
  • Norihan Md Arifin Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Ezad Hafidz Hafidzuddin Centre of Foundation Studies for Agricultural Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Nadihah Wahi Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

Keywords:

hybrid nanofluid, stretching/shrinking cylinder, suction, thermal stratification

Abstract

The present study emphasizes the thermally stratified hybrid nanofluid flow due to a permeable stretching/shrinking cylinder. Thermal buoyancy force is also taken into consideration to incorporate with the thermal stratification process. An improved hybrid nanofluid (dual nanoparticles) may offer a better heat transfer performance in many engineering applications. In the present work, the combination of copper (Cu) and alumina (Al2O3) nanoparticles with water as the working fluid is analytically modeled using the extended form of Tiwari and Das nanofluid model. A suitable transformation is adopted to simplify the boundary layer and energy equations into a nonlinear system of ODEs. A boundary value problem solver with fourth order accuracy (bvp4c) in the MATLAB software is utilized to solve the transformed system. The change in velocity and temperature as well as the heat transfer rate and skin friction coefficient are deliberated and graphically manifested for appropriate values of the dimensionless stretching/shrinking, nanoparticles volume fraction, and thermal stratification parameters. The presence of dual solutions is seen on all the profiles within the range of selected parameters.

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Published

2020-12-23

How to Cite

Khashi’ie, N. S. ., Md Arifin, . N. ., Hafidzuddin, E. H. ., & Wahi, . N. . (2020). Thermally Stratified Flow of Cu-Al2O3/water Hybrid Nanofluid past a Permeable Stretching/Shrinking Circular Cylinder . Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 63(1), 154–163. Retrieved from https://www.akademiabaru.com/submit/index.php/arfmts/article/view/2726

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