Effect of Cooling Medium and Tempering on Microstructures and Hardness of SK3 High Carbon Steel

Authors

  • Ridhwan Jumaidin Fakulti Teknologi Kejuruteraan Mekanikal dan Pembuatan, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia
  • Iffa Marina Jopri Centre for Advanced Research on Energy, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia
  • Rafidah Hasan Fakulti Kejuruteraan Mekanikal, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia
  • Muhammad Ilman Hakimi Chua Abdullah Fakulti Teknologi Kejuruteraan Mekanikal dan Pembuatan, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia
  • Mohamed Saiful Firdaus Hussin Centre for Advanced Research on Energy, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia
  • Alia Ruzana Aziz Department of Aerospace Engineering, Khalifa University of Science and Technology (KUST), 127788 Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
  • Abdul Rafeq Saleman Fakulti Kejuruteraan Mekanikal, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia
  • Febrian Idral Fakulti Kejuruteraan Mekanikal, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia

Keywords:

high carbon steel, heat treatment, annealing, quenching, tempering

Abstract

This paper presents a study on the effect of heat treatments i. e annealing, quenching, normalizing, and tempering on the characteristics of SK3 high carbon steel. The specimens were heated to austenitizing temperatures at 760ºC, 840°C, 920°C, 1000°C and 1080°C, before cooled by using different cooling medium i.e. oil quenching, air cooling, and furnace cooling. Tempering process was conducted on the quenched specimen by reheating at 500°C and cooled to room temperature. Material characterization techniques such as hardness test and morphological investigation were carried out for all specimens. The heat treatment has significantly improved the hardness of the material. The quenched specimen (rapid cooling) shows the highest increment of hardness by 709%. This was followed by the normalized specimen (moderate cooling) and annealed specimen (slow cooling) which shows 425% and 170% of increment respectively. However, tempering treatment on the quenched specimen has shown a slight decrease in the hardness value. In terms of microstructure, the annealed specimen produced coarse grain size while the quenched specimen produced a fine grain size. The hardness of the specimen subjected to tempering process is lower than that of quenching process.

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Published

2020-12-23

How to Cite

Jumaidin, R. ., Jopri, . I. M. ., Hasan, R. ., Chua Abdullah, M. I. H. ., Firdaus Hussin, M. S. ., Aziz, A. R., Saleman, A. R. ., & Idral, F. . (2020). Effect of Cooling Medium and Tempering on Microstructures and Hardness of SK3 High Carbon Steel. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 63(2), 199–209. Retrieved from https://www.akademiabaru.com/submit/index.php/arfmts/article/view/2731

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