Smart Materials Technologies and Applications in Mechanical Engineering and Renewable Energies
Keywords:smart materials, renewable energy, wind turbine, piezoelectric
Smart materials have a unique characteristic, these characteristics are very important which made interesting to study their properties and applications in the fields of engineering. In this study, an extensive review of the literature and research published has been carried out because the smart materials included qualitative developments in applied research as well as theoretical research. Smart materials technology has been applied in many fields such as; construction engineering, textile industry, electronics industry and biomedical engineering. However, it has been noted that some disciplines have not invested that unique characteristics and functions offered by smart materials in promotion of their industries or have been used sparingly. Renewable energy is energy comes from wind, sun, geothermal and other sources that would never run out. This study carries out comparative conventional and smart materials for improving the solar energy and photovoltaic cells efficiency by changing the optical properties manner for smart material technologies, to identify the key opportunities and to recommend a strategy for future used in wind turbine technology and actuators. As well as determined the potential role of smart materials by investigating and determined the potential role of smart materials by investigating their properties by compression with the conventional types are essential for employing it to enhance the saving energy in different climates.