# The Effect of Grooves and Permeable Plates on the Control of Vortex Shedding Behind a Single Circular Cylinder

## Authors

• Zouhaier Hafsia Department of Physics, Qassim University – College of Science and Arts at Al-Rass, Saudi Arabia
• Saliha Nouri Department of Physics, Qassim University – College of Science and Arts at Al-Rass, Saudi Arabia

## Keywords:

vortex shedding, passive control, shorter splitter plate, permeable plates, grooves, unconfined flow, isolated cylinder, drag reduction, fast Fourier transform (FFT)

## Abstract

Two permeable plates and two longitudinal grooves are proposed to control the vortex shedding behind a circular cylinder at Reynolds number ???????? = 100. This passive control method constitutes a new alternative to reduce the drag and lift forces using a shorter splitter plate. The unsteady fluid flow is unconfined and governed by the two-dimensional Navier-Stokes equations. These governing equations are solved by the finite volume method with the higher-order QUICK scheme (Quadratic Upstream Interpolation for Convective Kinematics) for the convection fluxes. The numerical model was validated for isolated cylinder at ???????? = 20 (steady flow) and ???????? = 100 (unsteady flow) and well agreement was found in terms of the global and flow characteristics along the cylinder wall. The numerical results show that the periodic vortex shedding is well reproduced without introducing any physical perturbation. Compared to the isolated cylinder, the simulated results show that the vortex shedding is considerably reduced under the effect of two grooves and two permeable plates. The drag coefficient is reduced by 19% and the amplitude of fast Fourier transform (FFT) of the lift coefficient signal is considerably reduced. The porosity is taken equal to b = 0.22 and the length of the two plates is equal to one diameter of the cylinder.

2020-12-25

## How to Cite

Hafsia, Z. ., & Nouri, S. . (2020). The Effect of Grooves and Permeable Plates on the Control of Vortex Shedding Behind a Single Circular Cylinder. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 66(2), 32–48. Retrieved from https://www.akademiabaru.com/submit/index.php/arfmts/article/view/2821
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