Effect of Viscosity on Pressure Drop of Oil-Water Two Phase Flow in 6” Horizontal and Inclined Stainless Steel Annulus Pipe

Authors

  • Mehaboob Basha Centre for Engineering Research-Research Institute, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia
  • Syed M. Shaahid Centre for Engineering Research-Research Institute, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia
  • Luai M. Alhems Centre for Engineering Research-Research Institute, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia

Keywords:

viscosity, oil-water flow, pressure drop, water-cut, inclined pipe

Abstract

Oil-water flow is commonly found in petroleum industry and is generally used for the lubricated transportation of high viscous oil. Despite its importance, behavior of such flows has not been explored to an appreciable extent. Liquid viscosity may change considerably because of changes in temperature as in deep-water oil production. In this experimental work, attention has been focused on effect of viscosity on pressure drop measurements of oil-water annular two-phase flow in a horizontal and inclined 6-inch diameter stainless steel pipe at different flow conditions. Two different mineral oils Exxsol D80 and Exxsol D130 along with water were used as working fluids. Experiments were carried out for different inclination angles including: 0° - 90° and for different water cut (WC) ratios (0 to 100%). Inlet oil-water flow rates were varied from 2000 to 12000 barrels-per-day (BPD). For a given flow rate the frictional pressure drop (FPD) has been found to decrease from WC = 0 to WC 20%. Further increase in WC, FPD has been found to increase up to WC 40%. For WC more than 40%, the decrease in FPD is not appreciable. This could be due to phase inversion or change in flow pattern regime. For a given case with WC 40% (horizontal, ? = 0° case, flow rate = 10000 BPD), the FPD of Oil (D130) is more than FPD of Oil (D80) by 7%. This implies Oil (D80) is more suitable for transportation of oil-water two phase flows. For a given case (with WC 40%, 10000 BPD), for D80 oil, for increase in angle from zero degree to 90 degree, the increase in FPD is not appreciable. However, for the above scenario, for D130 oil, for increase in angle from zero degree to 90 degree, the percentage increase in FPD has been found to be 27%.

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Published

2020-12-31

How to Cite

Basha, M. ., M. Shaahid, S. ., & M. Alhems, L. . (2020). Effect of Viscosity on Pressure Drop of Oil-Water Two Phase Flow in 6” Horizontal and Inclined Stainless Steel Annulus Pipe . Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 69(2), 156–167. Retrieved from https://www.akademiabaru.com/submit/index.php/arfmts/article/view/2913

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