Development and Evaluation of Stove Using Peltier Effect: Connection and Temperature Control
Keywords:stove, Peltier effect, heat, temperature control, PID controller
Conventionally, a stove had been used to cook and boil. The stove commonly used gasses and charcoals as the fuel element to contribute the heat for cooking. However, the gasses used such as Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) is an extremely flammable gas that commonly contribute to fire while charcoals contribute largely of carbon after the charcoal burning process during cooking. In addition, these stoves are also difficult to control the flame. Therefore, a portable stove operating using Peltier effect is developed and focuses on the development of a portable stove that operates by using a Peltier to provide heat and evaluate the heating control by PID Controller. The stove is developed to evaluate the performance of Peltier Effect in order to replace the LP as a heating element. The minimum operating voltage for the Peltier Effect heating system is specify to be 10.1V, and the maximum is 12.6V, therefore if the supply is lower than the minimum threshold the Peltier will auto shut down. The number of Peltier module and type of Peltier module connection are varied to evaluate the heating performance and power consumption. The controller algorithm, Proportional Integral Derivative (PID) controller parameters are optimized to control the temperature of heating or cooling when the temperature is being adjusted to its set point.