Microwave-Assisted Hydrodistillation of Aquilaria Subintegra

Authors

  • Astri Fadhilah Abdul Rahim Faculty of Chemical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia
  • Norafiqah Jamaluddin Faculty of Chemical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia
  • Atikah Kadri Faculty of Chemical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia
  • Siti Shawalliah Idris Faculty of Chemical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia
  • Norazah Abd Rahman Faculty of Chemical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia

Keywords:

agarwood, essential oil, GC-MS, microwave-assisted hydrodistillation, extraction

Abstract

Alternative extraction method by using the microwave-assisted hyrodistillation (MAHD) method is used to extract essential oil from agarwood. The effect of microwave power of 300, 400, 600, and 800 watt (W) and irradiation time of 5 hours on the extraction of agarwood essential oil were studied. The quality of the oil and the identification of its compounds were further analysed using GC-MS. The highest yield obtained from MAHD is at 600 W which is 0.13 %, while the yield for HD is 0.135 %. At 600 W, the time required for the sample to boil is within 20 – 25 minutes and oil started to produce within 15 – 20 minutes after boiling. Two compounds commonly identified in the extracted oil includes 6-Octen-1-ol, 3,7-dimethyl-, propanoate or knowns as Citronellyl propionate which have a floral scent and Azulene,1,2,3,3a,4,5,6,7- octahydro-1,4-dimethyl-7(gurjunene) or ?-Gurjunene which have a musty-woody odour. The experimental results show a shorter operation time and a higher yield result from higher extraction rates for MAHD which is equivalent to 7 hours HD extraction.

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Published

2021-01-05

How to Cite

Abdul Rahim, A. F. ., Jamaluddin, N. ., Kadri, A. ., Idris, S. S. ., & Abd Rahman, N. . (2021). Microwave-Assisted Hydrodistillation of Aquilaria Subintegra. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 72(2), 1–12. Retrieved from https://www.akademiabaru.com/submit/index.php/arfmts/article/view/3004

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