Optimization of Cu(II) Removal Using Aceh Natural Bentonite, Intercalated Bentonite and Pillared Bentonite Using Box– Behnken Design In Response Surface Methodology

Authors

  • Jakfar Jakfar Doctoral Program of Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Darussalam, Banda Aceh, Indonesia
  • Husni Husin Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Darussalam, Banda Aceh, Indonesia
  • Abrar Muslim Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Darussalam, Banda Aceh, Indonesia
  • Darmadi Darmadi Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Darussalam, Banda Aceh, Indonesia

Keywords:

adsorption, bentonite, optimization, response surface methodology

Abstract

Optimization of the Cu(II) removal by natural bentonite from Aceh through modification with NaCl intercalation and pillarization with AlCl3 in aqueous solution was conducted using Response surface methodology (RSM). Batch mode experiments were conducted based on a Box-Behnken Design in the RSM. Adsorption results were investigated as a function of two independent factors i.e. initial Cu(II) ions concentration (100-500 mg/L) and agitation time (30-120 min), bentonite mass of (2 g). The results of analysis of variance were obtained viz. the influence of the two independent variables viz. initial copper concentration and agitation time are very significant. Optimization equation were obtained for natural bentonite (NB), intercalated bentonite (IB) and pillared bentoned (PB). The optimization conditions for copper removal were obtained at 300 mg/L initial copper concentrations and 75.901 min of agitation times. The maximum Cu(II) adsorption capacity of the NB, IB and PB were 27.101, 27.568 and 28.969 mg/g respectively.

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Published

2021-01-05

How to Cite

Jakfar, J., Husin, H. ., Muslim, . A. ., & Darmadi, D. (2021). Optimization of Cu(II) Removal Using Aceh Natural Bentonite, Intercalated Bentonite and Pillared Bentonite Using Box– Behnken Design In Response Surface Methodology . Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 73(1), 167–177. Retrieved from https://www.akademiabaru.com/submit/index.php/arfmts/article/view/3028

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