Performance Enhancement of Energy Saving and Machining Characteristic in Electrical Discharge Machining on Magnesium Alloy: A Review

Authors

  • Norizwan Juraimi Faculty of Technical and Vocational, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, 35900 Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia
  • Arman Shah Faculty of Technical and Vocational, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, 35900 Tanjong Malim, Perak, Malaysia
  • Mas Ayu Hassan Faculty of Mechanical & Automotive Engineering Technology, University Malaysia Pahang, Pekan, Pahang 26600, Malaysia
  • Mazlan Mohamed Advanced Material Research Cluster, Faculty of Bioengineering and Technology, Universiti Malaysia Kelantan, Jeli Campus, 17600 Jeli, Kelantan, Malaysia
  • Bagdaulet Kenzhaliyev Satbayev University, Institute of Metallurgy and Ore Beneficiation, 050013 Almaty, 22 Satbaev str., Republic of Kazakhstan
  • Mohammad Khairudin Department of Electrical Engineering, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • Rosdi Daud Faculty of Mechanical & Automotive Engineering Technology, University Malaysia Pahang, Pekan, Pahang 26600, Malaysia
  • Hassan Abdelwahab Abdelkarim Faculty of Engineering and Technical Studies, University of El Imam El Mahdi, Kosti, Sudan

Keywords:

energy saving, biodegradable metals, magnesium alloy, corrosion, electrical discharge machining

Abstract

Magnesium alloys have been widely used in biodegradable applications due to it tends to corrode inside the human body and combined with its initial mechanical property. Current research revealed that the structural stability of the implant is disturbed and lost rapidly due to the increased rate of degradation of magnesium inside the human body. Because of that, non-traditional machining method such as electrical discharge machining (EDM) die sinking process is implemented to create an intricate form with a high tolerance of magnesium alloy. The advantages of EDM are that it allows a versatile adaption of implant behaviour in machining complex 3D structures along with high corrosion resistant properties of electrochemical surface treatment. Various material types with different parameters are investigated to determine the influence of input process parameters on the energy saving, and machining characteristics included surface roughness, material removal rate, and tool wear rate. In addition to improving the machining performance especially in energy-saving, input on the machining parameter needs to be considered due to interaction with added conductive particles which would affect the size of discharge energy. The objective of this paper is to summarize the findings in research of EDM’s energy-saving and machining characteristics on magnesium alloy and to explore challenging issues that need to be resolved for future references and recommendations.

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Published

2021-01-06

How to Cite

Juraimi, N. ., Shah, A. ., Hassan, M. A. ., Mohamed, M. ., Kenzhaliyev, B. ., Khairudin, M. ., Daud, R. ., & Abdelkarim, H. A. . (2021). Performance Enhancement of Energy Saving and Machining Characteristic in Electrical Discharge Machining on Magnesium Alloy: A Review. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 73(2), 29–45. Retrieved from https://www.akademiabaru.com/submit/index.php/arfmts/article/view/3032

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