The Effects of Using Diesel-Citronella Fuel Blend on The Emission and Fuel Consumption for Single-Cylinder Diesel Engine

Authors

  • Erdiwansyah Erdiwansyah Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Serambi Mekkah, Banda Aceh 23245, Indonesia
  • Muhammad Zaki Research Center for Environmental and Natural Resources, Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh 23111, Indonesia
  • Mahidin Mahidin Department of Chemical Engineering, Syiah Kuala University, Banda Aceh 23111, Indonesia
  • Rizalman Mamat Faculty of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, 26600 Pekan, Pahang, Malaysia
  • Ahmad Fitri Yusop Faculty of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, 26600 Pekan, Pahang, Malaysia
  • Herri Susanto Department of Chemical Engineering, Institute of Technology Bandung, Jalan Ganesha 10, Bandung-40132, Indonesia
  • Asep Kadarohman Department of Chemistry, Indonesia University of Education, Bandung 40154, Indonesia
  • Fitri Khoerunnisa Department of Chemistry, Indonesia University of Education, Bandung 40154, Indonesia
  • Ratna Eko Sardjono Department of Chemistry, Indonesia University of Education, Bandung 40154, Indonesia

Keywords:

emission, diesel engine, fuel consumption, single-cylinder, citronella

Abstract

The emissions generated from vehicle engines are one of the problems of global warming worldwide. Conventional oil depletion globally has encouraged various researchers to look for alternative fuel solutions as a substitute for petroleum. Various studies on additive fuels have also studied and most of the fuels have shown perfect results. In this experiment, citronella oil blended into pure diesel fuel to investigate emissions and fuel consumption in a single-cylinder diesel engine. Citronella oil used for diesel fuel blends as much as 0.5%. This test carried out on a single-cylinder engine with three loads (25%, 50% and 75%) and different engine speeds. The results of experiments with diesel-citronella fuel show CO2 emissions lower than pure diesel. Reduction of CO2 emissions from the diesel-citronella mixture for engine loads 25% (0.4%), 50% (0.8%) and 75% (1.9%), respectively. While diesel-citronella fuel blend consumption is higher than pure diesel for each engine load and all speeds tested. Overall diesel-citronella mixed fuel for all tests showed better results compared to pure diesel.

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Published

2021-01-06

How to Cite

Erdiwansyah, E., Zaki, M. ., Mahidin, M., Mamat, R. ., Yusop, A. F. ., Susanto, H. ., Kadarohman, A. ., Khoerunnisa, . F. ., & Sardjono, . R. E. . (2021). The Effects of Using Diesel-Citronella Fuel Blend on The Emission and Fuel Consumption for Single-Cylinder Diesel Engine. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 74(2), 1–15. Retrieved from https://www.akademiabaru.com/submit/index.php/arfmts/article/view/3055

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