Prediction of Fluid Behavior Using Generalized Hydraulic Calculation Method in Hydraulic Fractures
Keywords:Non-Newtonian fluid, pressure drop, hydraulic fracturing
Hydraulic fracturing has been used as one of the stimulation techniques to economically increase oil and gas production by creating small cracks in subsurface geologic formations to allow oil or gas to move toward a producing well. Hydraulics plays a vital role in many oil field operations including drilling, completion, fracturing and production. In the case of fracturing, however, the role of hydraulics becomes important since optimized hydraulics can minimize the cost and conversely, any miscalculations may cause problems such as the fluid loss or may potentially even lead to loss of the well. The current methods of the hydraulic calculation for non-Newtonian fluids necessitate determination of the robust model. This paper presented a new method for calculating pressure losses in the hydraulic fractures. The objective of this study was to develop the generalized model for hydraulic calculation for non-Newtonian fluid and run the case studies for the model validation. In the present work, detailed algorithm for the hydraulic calculation has been developed and then programmed in C++. The only input to the program is the raw rheological data, shear stress versus shear rate and the geometrical characteristics of the slit. Model validation with the new method has established a very small percentage difference between the values predicted by the model and experimental data. The results demonstrate that the new method is accurately predicting the pressure drop in both laminar and turbulent flow regimes. It is shown that the fluid behavior is more accurately represented using the new method than that with the standard fluid models available in the petroleum industry. Further validation and development to be carried out using experimental data for variety of fluid types.
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