Exergoeconomic Analysis of 21.6 MW Gas Turbine Power Plant in Riau, Indonesia

Authors

  • Awaludin Martin Mechanical Engineering Department, Riau University, Kampus Bina Widya, Simpang Baru, Pekanbaru, 28293, Indonesia
  • Nur Indah Rivai Mechanical Engineering Department, Riau University, Kampus Bina Widya, Simpang Baru, Pekanbaru, 28293, Indonesia
  • Rahmat Dian Amir PLN UPDK Pekanbaru, Pekanbaru’s Power Plant Unit Control, National Electricity Company, Pekanbaru, 28144, Indonesia
  • Nasruddin Mechanical Engineering Department, University of Indonesia, Kampus UI, Depok, 16424, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37934/arfmts.84.1.126134

Keywords:

Exergy, exergoeconomic, exergy destruction, total cost loss

Abstract

In this study, exergoeconomic analysis was carry out on a 21.6MW gas turbine power plant by using logbooks record Pekanbaru Unit. The exergy analysis was start to determine the exergy destruction of each component of the power plant based on the first and second laws of thermodynamics and in this study, exergy and economic analysis were combined and used to evaluate the accrued cost caused by irreversibility, including the cost of investment in each component. The exergy analysis results showed that the location of the largest destruction was in the combustion chamber with 21,851.18 kW, followed by the compressor and gas turbine with 8,495.48 kW and 3,094.34 kW, respectively. The economic analysis resulted that the total cost loss due to exergy destruction was 2,793.14$/hour, consisting of compressor 1,066.43$/hour, combustion chamber 1,561.46$/hour and gas turbine 165.25$/hour. The thermal and exergetic efficiency of gas turbine power plant were 24.51% and 22.73% respectively.

References

Yuksel, Burak, Huseyin Gunerhan, and Arif Hepbasli. "Assessing Exergy-Based Economic and Sustainability Analyses of a Military Gas Turbine Engine Fueled with Various Fuels." Energies 13, no. 15 (2020): 3823. https://doi.org/10.3390/en13153823

Calise, F., M. Dentice d'Accadia, and A. Piacentino. "Exergetic and exergoeconomic analysis of a renewable polygeneration system and viability study for small isolated communities." Energy 92 (2015): 290-307. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2015.03.056

Al Moussawi, Houssein, Farouk Fardoun, and Hasna Louahlia-Gualous. "Review of tri-generation technologies: Design evaluation, optimization, decision-making, and selection approach." Energy Conversion and Management 120 (2016): 157-196. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2016.04.085

Valencia Ochoa, Guillermo, Carlos Acevedo Peñaloza, and Jorge Duarte Forero. "Thermo-economic assessment of a gas microturbine-absorption chiller trigeneration system under different compressor inlet air temperatures." Energies 12, no. 24 (2019): 4643. https://doi.org/10.3390/en12244643

Ogbe, Otujevwe P., Nnamdi B. Anosike, and Ugochukwu C. Okonkwo. "Probabilistic Exergoeconomic Analysis of Transcorp Power Plant Ughelli." (2016). https://doi.org/10.20944/preprints201609.0054.v1

Martin, Awaludin, A. Prayitno, and I. Kurniawan. "Exergy analysis of gas turbine power plant 20 MW in Pekanbaru-Indonesia." Exergy 7, no. 5 (2016). https://doi.org/10.14716/ijtech.v7i5.1329

Nasruddin, Syaiful Nasution, Nyayu Aisyah, Arief Surachman, and Agung Satrio Wibowo. "Exergy analysis and exergoeconomic optimization of a binary cycle system using a multi objective genetic algorithm." Exergy 9, no. 2 (2018). https://doi.org/10.14716/ijtech.v9i2.1040

Rakesh Dang, S.K. Mangal, Gaurav. "Exergoeconomic Analysis of 600 MW Thermal Power Plant." SSRG International Journal of Thermal Engineering ( SSRG – IJTE ) 2, no. 1 (2016). https://doi.org/10.14445/23950250/IJTE-V2I3P101

Aliu, S. A., and P. I. Ochornma. "Exergoeconomic analysis of Ihovbor Gas Power plant." Nigerian Journal of Technology 37, no. 4 (2018): 927-935. https://doi.org/10.4314/njt.v37i4.10

Kaushik, S. C., V. Siva Reddy, and S. K. Tyagi. "Energy and exergy analyses of thermal power plants: A review." Renewable and Sustainable energy reviews 15, no. 4 (2011): 1857-1872. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2010.12.007

Mousafarash, Ali, and Mohammad Ameri. "Exergy and exergo-economic based analysis of a gas turbine power generation system." Journal of Power Technologies 93, no. 1 (2013): 44-51.

Oyedepo, Sunday Olayinka, R. O. Fagbenle, S. S. Adefila, and Md Mahbub Alam. "Exergy costing analysis and performance evaluation of selected gas turbine power plants." Cogent Engineering 2, no. 1 (2015): 1101048. https://doi.org/10.1080/23311916.2015.1101048

Ahmed, Ahmed Hasan, Anmmar Mahmoud Ahmed, and Qussay Younis Hamid. "Exergy and Energy Analysis of 150 MW Gas Turbine Unit: A Case Study." Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences 67, no. 1 (2020): 186-192.

Igbong, D., and D. Fakorede. "Exergoeconomic analysis of a 100 MW unit GE Frame 9 gas turbine plant in Ughelli, Nigeria." International Journal of Engineering and Technology 4, no. 8 (2014): 463-468.

Sinaga, R. H. M., and D. W. Saputra. "Performance Investigation of Geothermal Power Plant Based on Exergy and Exergoeconomic Analyses (Case Study: Sarulla Geothermal Power Plant)." In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, vol. 546, no. 7, p. 072006. IOP Publishing, 2019. https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899X/546/7/072006

Khademi, Maryam, and Ahmad Khosravi. "Exergoeconomic analysis and optimisation of a gas-turbine power plant using PSO, GA and fuzzy logic system." International Journal of Exergy 19, no. 2 (2016): 259-275. https://doi.org/10.1504/IJEX.2016.075616

Moran, Michael J., Howard N. Shapiro, Daisie D. Boettner, and Margaret B. Bailey. Fundamentals of engineering thermodynamics. John Wiley & Sons, 2010.

Cengel, Yunus A., and Michael A. Boles. Thermodynamics: An Engineering Approach 6th Editon (SI Units). The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., New York, 2007.

Bejan, Adrian, George Tsatsaronis, and Michael J. Moran. Thermal design and optimization. John Wiley & Sons, 1995.

Dev, Nikhil, and Rajesh Attri. "Exergetic analysis of combustion chamber of a combined heat and power system." In Proceedings of the National Conference on Trends and Advances in Mechanical Engineering, YMCA University of Science & Technology, Faridabad, Haryana. 2012.

Al Ansi, Ahmed Nabil, Mubarak Salem Ballaith, Hassan Ali Al Kaabi, and Zin Eddine Dadach. "Exergoeconomic Analysis of a Power Plant in Abu Dhabi (UAE)." International Journal 5, no. 6 (2015): 185-192. https://doi.org/10.5963/IJEE0506003

Downloads

Published

2021-07-02

How to Cite

Awaludin Martin, Rivai, N. I., Amir, R. D. ., & Nasruddin. (2021). Exergoeconomic Analysis of 21.6 MW Gas Turbine Power Plant in Riau, Indonesia. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 84(1), 126–134. https://doi.org/10.37934/arfmts.84.1.126134

Issue

Section

Articles