Study on Selection of a Suitable Material and The Parameters for Designing a Portable Flat Plate Base-Thermal Cell Absorber (FPBTCA)

Authors

  • Muhammad Amin Harun Kuliyyah of Engineering, International Islamic University Malaysia, Jalan Gombak, 53100 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • Zafri Azran Abdul Majid Kuliyyah of Allied Health Sciences, International Islamic University of Malaysia, 25200 Bandar Indera Mahkota Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia
  • Zairul Azrul Zakaria Kuliyyah of Engineering, International Islamic University Malaysia, Jalan Gombak, 53100 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • Ahmad Faris Ismail Kuliyyah of Engineering, International Islamic University Malaysia, Jalan Gombak, 53100 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • Sany Izan Ihsan Kuliyyah of Engineering, International Islamic University Malaysia, Jalan Gombak, 53100 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • Kamaruzzaman Sopian Solar Energy Research Institute, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bangi Selangor, Malaysia
  • Ahmad Fadzil Sharol Faculty of Mechanical Engineering Technology, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, 26600 Pekan, Malaysia
  • Amir Abdul Razak Faculty of Mechanical Engineering Technology, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, 26600 Pekan, Malaysia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37934/arfmts.85.1.7192

Keywords:

flat plate solar collector (FPSC), thermal cell absorber, absorber base collector

Abstract

Several types of flat plate solar collectors have been designed and developed with various technical parameters involved in the design. The inappropriate flat plate solar collector parameter design and material chosen will affect its performance. Investigation on the effect of flat plate absorber collector material, glass thickness, air gap distance, thermal cell absorber thickness, and flat plate absorber base collector thickness on the performance of solar thermal collectors was conducted in this work. The experiment was performed using the solar simulator with solar radiation of 450 and 750 W/m2. The flat plate absorber collector materials used in this experiment were stainless steel 304 and aluminum. The glass thickness used in this experiment was 2.0, 3.0, 4.0, 5.0, and 10.0 mm. The air gap between the flat plate absorber and glass used in this experiment was 0, 5.0, 10.0, 20.0, and 30.0 mm. The stainless steel thermal cell absorber thickness applied in this experiment was 0.5, 1.0, and 2.0 mm. Meanwhile, the aluminum flat plate base absorber base collector thickness was 0.5, 0.8, and 1.0 mm. The results showed that the 2.0 mm glass thickness has the maximum flat plate absorber temperature (88.1 oC at t = 600 s), high heat gain rate (0.097 oC/s), and the highest total heat gain (1207.33 J). The results also revealed that the air gap distance of 10 mm achieved the maximum flat plate absorber temperature (64.6 oC at t = 600 s), the highest heat gain rate (0.058 oC/s), and the highest total heat gain (4750.92 J). The stainless steel thermal cell absorber thickness of 1.0 mm has the thermal cell absorber temperature of 76.2 oC at t = 600 s and a high heat gain rate at 0.08 oC/s. The aluminum flat plate base absorber achieved the highest flat plate absorber temperature (67.2 oC at t = 600 s) and the highest heat gain rate (0.062 oC/s). By using double glass as glass cover increase the flat plate absorber temperature (76.3 oC at t = 600 s) and the highest heat gain rate (0.077 oC/s). This research aims to produce a flat plate absorber with better energy storage, i.e., the performance of the stainless steel plate absorber is better than aluminum with the same thickness. Although the stainless steel flat plate absorber collector showed a lower temperature than aluminum, it has a higher temperature drop than the latter.

Author Biographies

Muhammad Amin Harun, Kuliyyah of Engineering, International Islamic University Malaysia, Jalan Gombak, 53100 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

kuamin2020@gmail.com

Zafri Azran Abdul Majid, Kuliyyah of Allied Health Sciences, International Islamic University of Malaysia, 25200 Bandar Indera Mahkota Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia

zafriazran@yahoo.com

Zairul Azrul Zakaria, Kuliyyah of Engineering, International Islamic University Malaysia, Jalan Gombak, 53100 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

zairulazrul69@gmail.com

Ahmad Faris Ismail, Kuliyyah of Engineering, International Islamic University Malaysia, Jalan Gombak, 53100 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

faris@iium.edu.my

Sany Izan Ihsan, Kuliyyah of Engineering, International Islamic University Malaysia, Jalan Gombak, 53100 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

sihsan@iium.edu.my

Kamaruzzaman Sopian, Solar Energy Research Institute, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bangi Selangor, Malaysia

ksopian@ukm.edu.my

Ahmad Fadzil Sharol, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering Technology, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, 26600 Pekan, Malaysia

fadhilsharol@gmail.com

Amir Abdul Razak, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering Technology, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, 26600 Pekan, Malaysia

amir@ump.edu.my

Downloads

Published

2021-07-29

How to Cite

Harun, M. A., Abdul Majid, Z. A., Zakaria, Z. A., Ismail, A. F., Ihsan, S. I., Sopian, K., Sharol, A. F., & Abdul Razak, A. (2021). Study on Selection of a Suitable Material and The Parameters for Designing a Portable Flat Plate Base-Thermal Cell Absorber (FPBTCA). Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 85(1), 71–92. https://doi.org/10.37934/arfmts.85.1.7192

Issue

Section

Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>