Three-Dimensional Radiative Flow of Hybrid Nanofluid Past a Shrinking Plate with Suction

Authors

  • Nur Syahirah Wahid Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Norihan Md Arifin Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Najiyah Safwa Khashi’ie Fakulti Teknologi Kejuruteraan Mekanikal dan Pembuatan, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia
  • Rusya Iryanti Yahaya Institute for Mathematical Research, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Ioan Pop Department of Mathematics, Babeş-Bolyai University, R-400084 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
  • Norfifah Bachok Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Mohd Ezad Hafidz Hafidzuddin Centre of Foundation Studies for Agricultural Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37934/arfmts.85.1.5470

Keywords:

Boundary layer, Hybrid nanofluid, radiation, Shrinking plate

Abstract

Hybrid nanofluid has been widely used in various heat transfer applications especially as the heat exchanger due to the great thermal conductivity compared to the conventional fluid. However, numerous investigations should still be carried out to properly understand its properties. Hence, in this study, a three-dimensional radiative flow of hybrid Cu-Al2O3/water nanofluid past a permeable shrinking plate is numerically analyzed. The boundary layer including the energy equations are reduced to a system of ordinary differential equations using the similarity transformations and are then solved numerically by using the bvp4c solver in MATLAB. The application of suction through the permeable plate is necessary in aiding the fluid motion past the shrinking surface. Dual solutions are also observable, hence the stability analysis is conducted to mathematically validate the real solution. The enhancement of copper volumetric concentration in the hybrid nanofluid is capable in decelerating the boundary layer separation.

Author Biographies

Nur Syahirah Wahid, Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

nursyahirahwahid95@yahoo.com

Norihan Md Arifin, Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

norihana@upm.edu.my

Najiyah Safwa Khashi’ie, Fakulti Teknologi Kejuruteraan Mekanikal dan Pembuatan, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100 Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia

najiyah@utem.edu.my

Rusya Iryanti Yahaya, Institute for Mathematical Research, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

rusyairyanti@gmail.com

Ioan Pop, Department of Mathematics, Babeş-Bolyai University, R-400084 Cluj-Napoca, Romania

popm.ioan@yahoo.co.uk

Norfifah Bachok, Department of Mathematics, Faculty of Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

norfifah@upm.edu.my

Mohd Ezad Hafidz Hafidzuddin, Centre of Foundation Studies for Agricultural Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

ezadhafidz@upm.edu.my

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Published

2021-07-29

How to Cite

Wahid, N. S., Md Arifin, N., Khashi’ie, N. S., Yahaya, R. I., Pop, I., Bachok, N., & Hafidzuddin, M. E. H. (2021). Three-Dimensional Radiative Flow of Hybrid Nanofluid Past a Shrinking Plate with Suction. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 85(1), 54–70. https://doi.org/10.37934/arfmts.85.1.5470

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