Numerical Analysis of a Mobile Leakage-Detection System for a Water Pipeline Network

Authors

  • Balbir Singh Department of Aerospace Engineering, Faculty of Enginering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, 43400, Malaysia
  • Usman Ikhtiar Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, 43400, Malaysia
  • Mohamad Firzan Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, 43400, Malaysia
  • Dong Huizhen Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, 43400, Malaysia
  • Kamarul Arifin Ahmad Aerospace Malaysia Research Centre, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang 43400, Malaysia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37934/arfmts.87.1.134150

Keywords:

Water leakage, Computational Fluid Dynamics, Drag coefficient, Sensing element

Abstract

The leakages in water pipeline networks sometimes negatively affect the environment, health, and economy. Therefore, leak detection methods play a crucial role in detecting and localizing leaks. These methods are categorized into internal and external detection methods, each having its advantages and certain limitations. The internal system has its detection based on the field sensors to monitor internal pipeline parameters such as temperature and pressure, thereby inferring a leak. However, the mobility of the sensing module in the pipeline is affected by the model drag coefficient. The low drag coefficient causes the module to quickly lost control in the pipeline leading to false detection. Therefore, this study is about designing and numerically analysing a new model to achieve a higher drag value of the sensing system. The drag value of various models is determined with the help of CFD simulations in ANSYS. The outcome of this study is a new model with a drag value of 0.6915. It was achieved by implementing an aerodynamic shape, a more significant surface contact area in the middle, and canted fins at the front of the .  Both pressure, drag, and skin friction were increased, so a higher drag value of the sensing module can be achieved. Through this, the mobility and control of modules in the pipeline can be improved, improving leak detection accuracy.

Author Biographies

Balbir Singh, Department of Aerospace Engineering, Faculty of Enginering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, 43400, Malaysia

balbir.s@manipal.edu

Usman Ikhtiar, Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, 43400, Malaysia

usmanikhtiar@yahoo.com

Mohamad Firzan, Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, 43400, Malaysia

firzanharazi@gmail.com

Dong Huizhen, Department of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, 43400, Malaysia

dhz5019758@gmail.com

Kamarul Arifin Ahmad, Aerospace Malaysia Research Centre, Faculty of Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang 43400, Malaysia

aekamarul@upm.edu.my

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Published

2021-09-10

How to Cite

Singh, B., Ikhtiar, U., Mohamad Firzan, Huizhen, D., & Ahmad, K. A. (2021). Numerical Analysis of a Mobile Leakage-Detection System for a Water Pipeline Network. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 87(1), 134–150. https://doi.org/10.37934/arfmts.87.1.134150

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