Effect of Thermally Formed Alumina on Density of AlMgSi Alloys Extrudate Recycled Via Solid State Technique
Keywords:In-situ alumina, Thermal treatment, Aluminium recycling, Solid state, Hot extrusion
Solid state recycling of aluminium via hot extrusion is a sustainable technique. The process performed before hot extrusion plays a vital role on the extrudate properties. In this study, the effect of naturally and thermally formed in-situ alumina on the extrudate density were investigated. Fours type of material identified as a solid as-received, non-treated recycle chip, 300 0C thermally treated recycle chip and 500 0C thermally treated recycle chip were prepared for the experiment. Prior to extrusion, the recycle chips were compacted into a chip-based billet, preheated and immediately extruded into a semi-finished product. The density test performed on the chip-based extrudate found that the type of chips influenced the density. The chip-based extrudate made of 300 0C and 500 0C thermally treated chips resulted in higher density than solid as-received and non-treated chips. Chip-based extrudate produced from 500 0C thermally treated chips resulted in density of 2724 kg/m3, which is the highest among the specimen. This density value was 0.7 % higher compared to the solid as-received extrudate. Microstructure examination on the cross-section revealed the alumina entrapped in the chip-based extrudate. The alumina entrapped in 500 0C thermally treated chips specimen was more prone than the non-treated and 300 0C thermally-treated chips. This finding explains the variation in the extrudate density.