Experimental and CFD Analysis of Two-Phase Forced Convection Flow in Channels of Various Rib Shapes


  • Azher M. Abed Air conditioning and Refrigeration Techniques Engineering Department, Al-Mustaqbal University College, Babylon, 51001, Iraq
  • Doaa Fadhil Kareem Diwan Affairs Division, University of Baghdad, 10071, Baghdad, Iraq
  • Hasan Sh Majdi Department of Chemical Engineering and Petroleum Industries, Al-Mustaqbal University College, Babylon, 51001, Iraq
  • Ammar Abdulkadhim Air conditioning and Refrigeration Techniques Engineering Department, Al-Mustaqbal University College, Babylon, 51001, Iraq




CFD, Rib-grooves, Rectangular channel, Two-phase flow, turbulent flow


This paper investigates numerically and experimentally heat transfer forced convective two-phase flow (i.e. air and water) over a rectangular ribbed channel with a vertical orientation. Three distinct rib–groove shapes have been examined. Ribs - groove shapes are; Triangle, Trapezoid, and Semi-Trapezoid ribs-groove. The present study has been performed with continuous heat flux through range of water and air superficial inlet velocity values between 0.105 – 0.316m/s, and 0.263 – 1.320 m/s, respectively. Continuity, momentum and energy calculations have been formulated using the Finite Volume Approach (FVM). Results indicate that the triangle rib-groove has the high heat transfer coefficient and lower temperature difference than other cases against a different number of Reynolds. The experimental data has been compared to numerical results for ribs –grooved channel with deviation of about 1.0% - 7.5%. The channel fitted with triangle ribs shows the highest heat transfer, which is about 59% higher than the smooth channel; 56% for trapezoidal rib, and 44% for channel fitted by semi-trapezoidal rib. Finally, the triangle rib-groove gives a better heat transfer improvement value in comparison with trapezoidal and semi trapezoidal rib-groove channel at constant pumping power.


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How to Cite

Abed, A. M., Kareem, D. F., Majdi, H. S., & Abdulkadhim, A. (2021). Experimental and CFD Analysis of Two-Phase Forced Convection Flow in Channels of Various Rib Shapes. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 77(1), 36–50. https://doi.org/10.37934/arfmts.77.1.3650