Thermoacoustic Energy Conversion Devices: Novel Insights

Authors

  • Mahmoud A. Alamir College of Science and Engineering, Flinders University, Clovelly Park, Adelaide, SA 5042, Australia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37934/arfmts.77.2.130144

Keywords:

Thermoacoustics, engines, Refrigeration, Performance, Optimisation, Oscillatory heat transfer

Abstract

Thermoacoustic engines and refrigerators have many advantages. They use environment-friendly working gases, their design is simple, and they can operate quietly. However, they have many design characteristics from geometric parameters and operating conditions. Besides this, they still have low efficiencies and performance. This paper summarises important considerations of the design and presents the state-of-the-art developments in thermoacoustic energy conversion devices. This includes recent studies and designs of the thermoacoustic refrigeration devices towards more efficient thermoacoustic engines and refrigerators. New insights into the design of resonators, the different sources of the power sources, the different stack geometries and working mediums were considered. The challenges that face the development of thermoacoustic devices were also discussed. Far too little attention has been paid to looking at these devices comprehensively. In further research, the use of neural networks and metadata as optimisation methods could be a means of significantly increasing the performance of these devices. There is also abundant room for further progress in enhancing oscillatory heat transfer. Moreover, further recommendations and studies were proposed for a better understanding of the interrelationship between the geometric parameters and operating conditions.

References

Tijani, Moulay El Hassan. Loudspeaker-driven thermo-acoustic refrigeration. Eindhoven, Netherlands: Technische Universiteit Eindhoven, 2001.

Everest, F. Alton, and Ken C. Pohlmann. Master handbook of acoustics, 5th Ed. McGraw Hill Professional, 2015.

Adeff, Jay A., and Thomas J. Hofler. "Design and construction of a solar-powdered, thermoacoustically driven, thermoacoustic refrigerator." The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 107, no. 6 (2000): L37-L42. https://doi.org/10.1121/1.429324

Saechan, Patcharin. "Application of thermoacoustic technologies for meeting the refrigeration needs of remote and rural communities in developing countries." PhD diss., University of Leicester, 2014.

Symko, Orest G., E. Abdel-Rahman, Y. S. Kwon, M. Emmi, and R. Behunin. "Design and development of high-frequency thermoacoustic engines for thermal management in microelectronics." Microelectronics Journal 35, no. 2 (2004): 185-191. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mejo.2003.09.017

Babaei, Hadi, and Kamran Siddiqui. "Design and optimization of thermoacoustic devices." Energy Conversion and Management 49, no. 12 (2008): 3585-3598. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2008.07.002

Keolian, R. M., M. E. Poese, R. W. M. Smith, E. C. Mitchell, C. M. Roberts, and S. l. Garrett. "Trillium: an Inline Thermoacoustic-Stirling Refrigerator." 3rd International Workshop on Thermoacoustics, University of Twente, 26-27 October 2015, 2015. https://doi.org/10.3990/2.315

Zolpakar, Nor Atiqah, Normah Mohd-Ghazali, and Mawahib Hassan El-Fawal. "Performance analysis of the standing wave thermoacoustic refrigerator: A review." Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 54 (2016): 626-634. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2015.10.018

Rayleigh, John William Strutt Baron. The theory of sound, 2nd ed. New York, Dover, 1945.

Feldman, Karl Thomas, and R. L. Carter. "A study of heat driven pressure oscillations in a gas." Journal of Heat Transfer 92, no. 3 (1970): 536-540. https://doi.org/10.1115/1.3449709

Rott, Nikolaus. "Thermoacoustics." In Advances in Applied Mechanics, vol. 20, pp. 135-175. Elsevier, 1980. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0065-2156(08)70233-3

Swift, G. W. "Analysis and performance of a large thermoacoustic engine." The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 92, no. 3 (1992): 1551-1563. https://doi.org/10.1121/1.403896

Tijani, M. E. H., J. C. H. Zeegers, and A. T. A. M. De Waele. "Prandtl number and thermoacoustic refrigerators." The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 112, no. 1 (2002): 134-143. https://doi.org/10.1121/1.1489451

Paek, Insu, James E. Braun, and Luc Mongeau. "Evaluation of standing-wave thermoacoustic cycles for cooling applications." International Journal of Refrigeration 30, no. 6 (2007): 1059-1071. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijrefrig.2006.12.014

Brown, J. Steven, and Piotr A. Domanski. "Review of alternative cooling technologies." Applied Thermal Engineering 64, no. 1-2 (2014): 252-262. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2013.12.014

Tassou, S. A., J. S. Lewis, Y. T. Ge, Abas Hadawey, and I. Chaer. "A review of emerging technologies for food refrigeration applications." Applied Thermal Engineering 30, no. 4 (2010): 263-276. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2009.09.001

Wetzel, Martin, and Cila Herman. "Design optimization of thermoacoustic refrigerators." International Journal of Refrigeration 20, no. 1 (1997): 3-21. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-7007(96)00064-3

Babaei, Hadi, and Kamran Siddiqui. "Design and optimization of thermoacoustic devices." Energy Conversion and Management 49, no. 12 (2008): 3585-3598. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2008.07.002

Srikitsuwan, Sawantit, Suwat Kuntanapreeda, and Pumyos Vallikul. "A genetic algorithm for optimization design of thermoacoustic refrigerators." In Proceedings of the 7th WSEAS International Conference on Simulation, Modelling and Optimization, pp. 207-212. 2007.

Zolpakar, Nor Atiqah, Normah Mohd-Ghazali, and Robiah Ahmad. "Experimental investigations of the performance of a standing wave thermoacoustic refrigerator based on multi-objective genetic algorithm optimized parameters." Applied Thermal Engineering 100 (2016): 296-303. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2016.02.028

Ward, B., J. Clark, and G. W. Swift. "Design Environment for Low-amplitude Thermoacoustic 559 Energy Conversion DeltaEC Version 6.3 b11 Users Guide." Los Alamos National 560, 2012.

Arafa, N. M., A. H. Ibrahim, and E. E. Khalil. "Sensitivity analysis of a standing-wave thermoacoustic engine." In 9th Annual International Energy Conversion Engineering Conference, San Diego, California, July 31 - August 3, 2011, vol. 31. 2011.

Zoontjens, Luke, Carl Q. Howard, Anthony C. Zander, and Ben S. Cazzolato. "Development of a low-cost loudspeaker-driven thermoacoustic refrigerator." In Proceedings of Acoustics, Busselton, Australia, pp. 9-11. 2005.

Prashantha, B. G., MS Govinde Gowda, S. Seetharamu, and G. S. V. L. Narasimham. "Effect of mean operating pressure on the performance of stack-based thermoacoustic refrigerator." International Jounal of Thermal & Environmental Engineering 5, no. 1 (2013): 83-89.

Namdar, Ali, Ali Kianifar, and Ehsan Roohi. "Numerical investigation of thermoacoustic refrigerator at weak and large amplitudes considering cooling effect." Cryogenics 67 (2015): 36-44. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cryogenics.2015.01.005

Wetzel, Martin, and Cila Herman. "Experimental study of thermoacoustic effects on a single plate Part I: Temperature fields." Heat and Mass Transfer 36, no. 1 (2000): 7-20. https://doi.org/10.1007/s002310050358

Zhang, Dong-Wei, Ya-Ling He, Wei-Wei Yang, Yong Wang, and Wen-Quan Tao. "Particle image velocimetry measurement on the oscillatory flow at the end of the thermoacoustic parallel stacks." Applied Thermal Engineering 51, no. 1-2 (2013): 325-333. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2012.09.011

Ke, Han-Bing, Ying-Wen Liu, Ya-Ling He, Yong Wang, and Jing Huang. "Numerical simulation and parameter optimization of thermo-acoustic refrigerator driven at large amplitude." Cryogenics 50, no. 1 (2010): 28-35. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cryogenics.2009.10.005

Zink, Florian, Jeffrey Vipperman, and Laura Schaefer. "CFD simulation of thermoacoustic cooling." International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer 53, no. 19-20 (2010): 3940-3946. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2010.05.012

Marx, David, and Philippe Blanc-Benon. "Computation of the temperature distortion in the stack of a standing-wave thermoacoustic refrigerator." The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 118, no. 5 (2005): 2993-2999.

https://doi.org/10.1121/1.2063087

Wu, Feng, Lingen Chen, Anqing Shu, Xuxian Kan, Kun Wu, and Zhichun Yang. "Constructal design of stack filled with parallel plates in standing-wave thermo-acoustic cooler." Cryogenics 49, no. 3-4 (2009): 107-111. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cryogenics.2008.09.009

Lotton, Pierrick, Philippe Blanc-Benon, Michel Bruneau, Vitaly Gusev, Serge Duffourd, Mikhail Mironov, and Gaelle Poignand. "Transient temperature profile inside thermoacoustic refrigerators." International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer 52, no. 21-22 (2009): 4986-4996. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2009.03.075

Piccolo, A. "Optimization of thermoacoustic refrigerators using second law analysis." Applied Energy 103 (2013): 358-367. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2012.09.044

Kamsanam, Wasan. "Development of experimental techniques to investigate the heat transfer processes in oscillatory flows." PhD diss., University of Leicester, 2014. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.expthermflusci.2014.12.008

Tasnim, Syeda Humaira. "Porous Media Thermoacoustic Stacks: Measurements and Models." PhD diss., Waterloo University, 2011.

Abakr, Yousif A., Mushtak Al-Atabi, and Chen Baiman. "The influence of wave patterns and frequency on thermo-acoustic cooling effect." Journal of Engineering Science and Technology (JESTEC) 6, no. 3 (2011): 392-396.

Campo, Antonio, Mohammad M. Papari, and Eiyad Abu-Nada. "Estimation of the minimum Prandtl number for binary gas mixtures formed with light helium and certain heavier gases: Application to thermoacoustic refrigerators." Applied Thermal Engineering 31, no. 16 (2011): 3142-3146. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2011.05.002

Ibrahim, A., Hosny Omar, and Ehab Abdel-Rahman. "Constraints and challenges in the development of loudspeaker-driven thermoacoustic refrigerator." In 18th International Congress on Sound & Vibration, ICSV18, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 10-14 July, 2011.

Chinn, Daniel George. "Piezoelectrically Driven Thermoacoustic Refrigerator." PhD diss., University of Maryland, 2010.

Putra, Nandy, and Dinni Agustina. "Influence of stack plate thickness and voltage input on the performance of loudspeaker-driven thermoacoustic refrigerator." In Journal of Physics: Conference Series, vol. 423, no. 1, p. 012050. IOP Publishing, 2013. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/423/1/012050

Nsofor, Emmanuel C., and Azrai Ali. "Experimental study on the performance of the thermoacoustic refrigerating system." Applied Thermal Engineering 29, no. 13 (2009): 2672-2679. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2008.12.036

Setiawan, Ikhsan, Agung Bambang Setio Utomo, Masafumi Katsuta, and Makoto Nohtomi. "Experimental study on the influence of the porosity of parallel plate stack on the temperature decrease of a thermoacoustic refrigerator." In Journal of Physics: Conference Series, vol. 423, no. 1, p. 012035. IOP Publishing, 2013. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/423/1/012035

Sari, Dewi Permata, Ida Bagus Ardhana Putra, and Wisnu Hendradjit. "Effects of Stack Position on the Optimum Performance of a Thermo-acoustics Refrigeration System using ABS (Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene) Stack Material." In 7th International Conference on Physics and Its Applications 2014 (ICOPIA 2014). Atlantis Press, 2015.

Nayak, Ramesh, Bheemsha, and Pundarika G. "Performance Evaluation of Thermoacoustic Refrigerator Using Air as Working Medium." SSRG International Journal of Thermal Engineering 1, no. 2 (2015): 16-21.

Alahmer, A., Mohammed Omar, and M. Al-Zubi. "Demonstrating of Standing-wave-Thermoacoustic Refrigerator." International Journal of Thermal and Environmental Engineering 6, no. 2 (2013): 75-81.

Akhavanbazaz, Masoud, MH Kamran Siddiqui, and Rama B. Bhat. "The impact of gas blockage on the performance of a thermoacoustic refrigerator." Experimental Thermal and Fluid Science 32, no. 1 (2007): 231-239. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.expthermflusci.2007.03.009

Allesina, Giulio. "An experimental analysis of a stand-alone standing-wave thermoacoustic refrigerator." International Journal of Energy and Environmental Engineering 5, no. 1 (2014): 4. https://doi.org/10.1186/2251-6832-5-4

Hariharan, N. M., P. Sivashanmugam, and S. Kasthurirengan. "Optimization of thermoacoustic refrigerator using response surface methodology." Journal of Hydrodynamics, Ser. B 25, no. 1 (2013): 72-82. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1001-6058(13)60340-6

Assawamartbunlue, Kriengkrai, and Channarong Wantha. "Experimental investigation on the optimal operating frequency of a thermoacoustic refrigerator." World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology International Journal of Mechanical and Mechatronics Engineering 9, no. 5 (2015): 784-787.

Wantha, Channarong, and Kriengkrai Assawamartbunlue. "Experimental investigation of the effects of driver housing and resonance tube on the temperature difference across a thermoacoustic stack." Heat and Mass Transfer 49, no. 6 (2013): 887-896. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00231-013-1150-y

Tartibu, L. K. "Maximum cooling and maximum efficiency of thermoacoustic refrigerators." Heat and Mass Transfer 52, no. 1 (2016): 95-102.

https://doi.org/10.1007/s00231-015-1599-y

Tartibu, L. K. "A sustainable solution for refrigeration using thermo-acoustic technology (March 2016)." In 2016 International Conference on the Domestic Use of Energy (DUE), pp. 1-8. IEEE, 2016. https://doi.org/10.1109/DUE.2016.7466714

Alamir, Mahmoud A. "Experimental study of the temperature variations in a standing wave loudspeaker driven thermoacoustic refrigerator." Thermal Science and Engineering Progress 17 (2020): 100361. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tsep.2019.100361

Alamir, Mahmoud A. "Experimental study of the stack geometric parameters effect on the resonance frequency of a standing wave thermoacoustic refrigerator." International Journal of Green Energy 16, no. 8 (2019): 639-651. https://doi.org/10.1080/15435075.2019.1602533

Alamir, Mahmoud A., and Ahmed A. Elamer. "A compromise between the temperature difference and performance in a standing wave thermoacoustic refrigerator." International Journal of Ambient Energy (2018): 1-13. https://doi.org/10.1080/01430750.2018.1517673

Elnegiry, E. A., H. R. Eltahan, and M. A. Alamir. "Optimizing the performance of a standing wave loudspeaker driven thermoacoustic heat pump." International Journal of Scientific and Engineering Research 7 (2016): 460-465. https://doi.org/10.14299/ijser.2016.09.004

Alamir, Mahmoud A., Aws AlHares, Kristy L. Hansen, and Ahmed Elamer. "The effect of age, gender and noise sensitivity on the liking of food in the presence of background noise." Food Quality and Preference (2020): 103950.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodqual.2020.103950

Alamir, Mahmoud A., Kristy L. Hansen, and Branko Zajamsek. "The effect of wind farm noise on human response: An analysis of listening test methodologies." In Proceedings of ACOUSTICS, vol. 7, no. 9. Adelaide, Australia, 2018.

Alamir, Mahmoud A., Kristy L. Hansen, Branko Zajamsek, and Peter Catcheside. "Subjective responses to wind farm noise: A review of laboratory listening test methods." Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 114 (2019): 109317. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2019.109317

Alamir, M. A. "Optimising the performance of a standing wave loudspeaker driven thermoacoustic heat pump." PhD diss., Master thesis, Mansoura University, Egypt. 2017.

Alamir, M.A., Hansen, K. "The effect of type and level of background noise on food liking: A laboratory non-focused listening test." Applied Acoustics 172 (2021): 107600.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apacoust.2020.107600

Abd Elaziz, Mohamed, Ammar H. Elsheikh, and Swellam W. Sharshir. "Improved prediction of oscillatory heat transfer coefficient for a thermoacoustic heat exchanger using modified adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system." International Journal of Refrigeration 102 (2019): 47-54.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijrefrig.2019.03.009

Rahman, Anas A., and Xiaoqing Zhang. "Prediction of oscillatory heat transfer coefficient for a thermoacoustic heat exchanger through artificial neural network technique." International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer 124 (2018): 1088-1096.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2018.04.035

Machesa, M. G. K., L. K. Tartibu, F. K. Tekweme, and M. O. Okwu. "Evaluation of the Stirling heat engine performance prediction using ANN-PSO and ANFIS models." In 2019 6th International Conference on Soft Computing & Machine Intelligence (ISCMI), pp. 217-222. IEEE, 2019. https://doi.org/10.1109/ISCMI47871.2019.9004406

Saat, Fatimah Al Zahrah Mohd, Siti Hajar Adni Mustaffa, and Fadhilah Shikh Anuar. "Numerical and Experimental Investigations of the Oscillatory Flow Inside Standing Wave Thermoacoustic System at Two Different Flow Frequencies." CFD Letters 11, no. 8 (2019): 1-15.

Alamir, M.A. "An artificial neural network model for predicting the performance of thermoacoustic refrigerators." International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer 164 (2021): 120551. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2020.120551

Downloads

Published

2020-11-15

How to Cite

Alamir, M. A. (2020). Thermoacoustic Energy Conversion Devices: Novel Insights. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 77(2), 130–144. https://doi.org/10.37934/arfmts.77.2.130144

Issue

Section

Articles