Performance of Crossflow Wind Turbines in In-line Configuration and Opposite Rotation Direction

Authors

  • Zainal Arifin Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Jl. Ir. Sutami 36A, Surakarta, Indonesia
  • Dominicus Danardono Dwi Prija Tjahjana Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Jl. Ir. Sutami 36A, Surakarta, Indonesia
  • Suyitno Suyitno Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Jl. Ir. Sutami 36A, Surakarta, Indonesia
  • Wibawa Endra Juwana Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Jl. Ir. Sutami 36A, Surakarta, Indonesia
  • Rendhy Adhi Rachmanto Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Jl. Ir. Sutami 36A, Surakarta, Indonesia
  • Chico Hermanu Brillianto Apribowo Department of Electrical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Jl. Ir. Sutami 36A, Surakarta, Indonesia
  • Catur Harsito Department of Mechanical Engineering, Vocational School, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Jl. Ir. Sutami 36A, Surakarta, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37934/arfmts.81.1.131139

Keywords:

Wind turbine, crossflow, opposite rotation, wind energy, in-line configuration

Abstract

Wind energy sources must be investigated to produce electrical energy from a renewable source. Crossflow wind turbines are suitable for use because they have several advantages such as self-starting ability, low noise, and excellent stability. They have the potential to be applied as small wind turbines in urban districts because of their small maximum coefficient of power (Cp), which is 10% of that of other small wind turbines. To enhance the performance of crossflow wind turbines, we changed the turbine to rotate in the opposite direction in the in-line configuration. Turbine performance testing was tested using a wind tunnel. The characteristics of crossflow wind turbines were investigated, then turbine performance was analyzed and discussed. The maximum power coefficient obtained was 0.169 (Cp) with the configuration of 12 turbine blades at a wind speed of 10 m/s. The maximum torque coefficient obtained was 0.703. The overall results show that the crossflow wind turbine in in-line configuration with opposite rotation can improve the performance of wind turbines.

References

Fukutomi, Junichiro, Toru Shigemitsu, and Hiroki Daito. "Study on performance and flow condition of a cross-flow wind turbine with a symmetrical casing." Journal of Fluids Engineering 133, no. 5 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1115/1.4004023

Mathew, Sathyajith. Wind energy: fundamentals, resource analysis and economics. Springer, 2006.

Yudi Kurniawan, Dominicus Danardono Dwi Prija Tjahjana, and Budi Santoso. "Experimental Study of Savonius Wind Turbine Performance with Blade Layer Addition." Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Science 69, no. 1 (2020): 23-33. https://doi.org/10.37934/arfmts.69.1.2333

Harsito, Catur, Dominicus Danardono Dwi Prija Tjahjana, and Budi Kristiawan. "Savonius turbine performance with slotted blades." In AIP Conference Proceedings, vol. 2217, no. 1, p. 030071. AIP Publishing LLC, 2020.

Montelpare, Sergio, Valerio D'Alessandro, Andrea Zoppi, and Renato Ricci. "Experimental study on a modified Savonius wind rotor for street lighting systems. Analysis of external appendages and elements." Energy 144 (2018): 146-158. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2017.12.017

Akwa, Joao Vicente, Horacio Antonio Vielmo, and Adriane Prisco Petry. "A review on the performance of Savonius wind turbines." Renewable and sustainable energy reviews 16, no. 5 (2012): 3054-3064. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2012.02.056

Jha, Asu Ram. Wind turbine technology. CRC press, 2010. https://doi.org/10.1201/9781439815076

Yang, Bo, and Chris Lawn. "Fluid dynamic performance of a vertical axis turbine for tidal currents." Renewable Energy 36, no. 12 (2011): 3355-3366. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2011.05.014

Al-Maaitah, Ayman A. "The design of the Banki wind turbine and its testing in real wind conditions." Renewable energy 3, no. 6-7 (1993): 781-786. https://doi.org/10.1016/0960-1481(93)90085-U

Polagye, Brian, Ben Strom, Hannah Ross, Dominic Forbush, and Robert J. Cavagnaro. "Comparison of cross-flow turbine performance under torque-regulated and speed-regulated control." Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy 11, no. 4 (2019): 044501. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5087476

Bachant, Peter, Martin Wosnik, Budi Gunawan, and Vincent S. Neary. "Experimental study of a reference model vertical-axis cross-flow turbine." PloS one 11, no. 9 (2016): e0163799. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0163799

Sivasegaram, S. "An experimental investigation of a class of resistance-type, direction-independent wind turbines." Energy 3, no. 1 (1978): 23-30. https://doi.org/10.1016/0360-5442(78)90053-1

Seralathan, Sivamani, Micha Premkumar Thomai, Rian Leevinson Jayakumar, Basireddy Venkata Lokesh Reddy, and Hariram Venkatesan. "Experimental and Numerical Assessment of Cross Flow Vertical Axis Wind Turbine." In Gas Turbine India Conference, vol. 83532, p. V002T06A006. American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 2019.

Seralathan, Sivamani, Micha Premkumar Thomai, Rian Leevinson Jayakumar, Basireddy Venkata Lokesh Reddy, and Hariram Venkatesan. "Experimental and Numerical Assessment of Cross Flow Vertical Axis Wind Turbine." In Gas Turbine India Conference, vol. 83532, p. V002T06A006. American Society of Mechanical Engineers, 2019.

Colley, Gareth, Rakesh Mishra, H. V. Rao, and R. Woolhead. "Performance evaluation of three cross flow vertical axis wind turbine configurations." University of Huddersfield, 2009.

Dragomirescu, A. "Performance assessment of a small wind turbine with crossflow runner by numerical simulations." Renewable energy 36, no. 3 (2011): 957-965. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2010.07.028

Roy, Sukanta, and Ujjwal K. Saha. "Wind tunnel experiments of a newly developed two-bladed Savonius-style wind turbine." Applied Energy 137 (2015): 117-125. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2014.10.022

Ricci, Renato, Roberto Romagnoli, Sergio Montelpare, and Daniele Vitali. "Experimental study on a Savonius wind rotor for street lighting systems." Applied Energy 161 (2016): 143-152. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2015.10.012

Kurniawati, Diniar Mungil, Dominicus Danardono Dwi Prija Tjahjana, and Budi Santoso. "Experimental investigation on performance of crossflow wind turbine as effect of blades number." In AIP Conference Proceedings, vol. 1931, no. 1, p. 030045. AIP Publishing LLC, 2018. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5024104

Tjahjana, Dominicus Danardono Dwi Prija, Syamsul Hadi, Yoga Arob Wicaksono, Diniar Mungil, Fahrudin Kurniawati, Ilham Satrio Utomo, and Sukmaji Indro Cahyono andAri Prasetyo. "Study on Performance Improvement of the Savonius Wind Turbine for Urban Power System with Omni-directional Guide Vane (ODGV)." Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences 55, no. 1 (2019): 126–135.

Kamoji, M. A., Shireesh B. Kedare, and S. V. Prabhu. "Experimental investigations on single stage modified Savonius rotor." Applied Energy 86, no. 7-8 (2009): 1064-1073. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apenergy.2008.09.019

Downloads

Published

2021-03-15

How to Cite

Zainal Arifin, Tjahjana, D. D. D. P., Suyitno Suyitno, Juwana, W. E. ., Rachmanto, R. A. ., Apribowo, C. H. B. ., & Catur Harsito. (2021). Performance of Crossflow Wind Turbines in In-line Configuration and Opposite Rotation Direction. Journal of Advanced Research in Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences, 81(1), 131–139. https://doi.org/10.37934/arfmts.81.1.131139

Issue

Section

Articles