Numerical and Experimental Investigations of the Oscillatory Flow Inside Standing Wave Thermoacoustic System at Two Different Flow Frequencies

Authors

  • Fatimah Al Zahrah Mohd Saat Fakulti Kejuruteraan Mekanikal, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100, Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia
  • Siti Hajar Adni Mustaffa Fakulti Kejuruteraan Mekanikal, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100, Durian Tunggal, Melaka, Malaysia
  • Fadhilah Shikh Anuar Centre for Advanced Research on Energy, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Hang Tuah Jaya, 76100, Durian Tunggal Melaka, Malaysi

Keywords:

oscillatory flow, CFD, thermoacoustics, standing wave

Abstract

Energy crisis has led to the search of sustainable and green technology and thermoacoustics have been recognised as one of them. One of the challenging issue with this emerging technology is the difficulty in understanding the complex fluid dynamics phenomena of the oscillatory flow of the acoustic wave inside the system. In this paper, computational fluid dynamics (CFD) models of a standing wave thermoacoustic flow conditions are solved using ANSYS Fluent and the CFD results are validated with experimental data from a similar setup; standing wave flow conditions with two resonance frequencies of 13.1 Hz and 23.1 Hz. Good match of velocity amplitude data was found between the CFD and the experimental results, particularly for the low flow frequency of 13.1 Hz. Similar trend of velocity results between numerical models and experimental results of higher frequency of 23.1 Hz is also observed. As frequency increases, the velocity amplitude did not change much but the displacement of fluid becomes smaller. This causes the vortex to travel rapidly but at a shorter distance into and out of the channel when the fluid flows at higher frequency of 23.1 Hz. The amplitude of annular flow also becomes closer to the wall because the viscous penetration depth becomes thinner as frequency increases. These results help in understanding the impact of frequency variations on fluid dynamics aspect of the standing wave inside the emerging technology of thermoacoustic systems.

Downloads

Published

2021-01-16

How to Cite

Mohd Saat, F. A. Z. ., Mustaffa, S. H. A. ., & Shikh Anuar, F. . (2021). Numerical and Experimental Investigations of the Oscillatory Flow Inside Standing Wave Thermoacoustic System at Two Different Flow Frequencies. CFD Letters, 11(8), 1–15. Retrieved from https://www.akademiabaru.com/submit/index.php/cfdl/article/view/3178

Issue

Section

Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)